Q. 2. DIRECTION for Question: The passage given below is followed by a questions. Choose the best answer to the question.
I TAKE goodness in this sense, the affecting of the weal of men, which is that the Grecians callphilanthropia ; and the word humanity (as it is used) is a little too light to express it. Goodness I call the habit, and goodness of nature the inclination. This of all virtues and dignities of the mind is the greatest; being the character of the Deity: and without it man is a busy, mischievous, wretched thing; no better than a kind of vermin. Goodness answers to the theological virtue charity, and admits no excess, but error. The desire of power in excess caused the angels to fall; the desire of knowledge in excess caused man to fall: but in charity there is no excess; neither can angel nor man come in danger by it. The inclination to goodness is imprinted deeply in the nature of man; insomuch that if it is issue not towards men, it will take unto other living creatures: as it is seen in the Turks, a group of cruel people, who is nevertheless are kind to beasts, and give alms to dogs and birds: insomuch as Busbechius reporteth, a Christian boy in Constantinople had like to have been stoned for gagging in a waggishness a long-billed fowl. Errors indeed in this virtue of goodness or charity may be committed. The Italians have an ungracious proverb, Tanto buon che val niente [So good, that he is good for nothing]. And one of the doctors of Italy, Nicholas Manchiavel, had the confidence to put in writing, almost in plain terms that the Christian faith had given up good men in prey to those that are tyrannical and unjust. Which he spake, because indeed there was never any law or sect or opinion that did so much to magnify goodness as the Christian religion doth. Therefore, to avoid the scandal and the danger both, it is good to take knowledge of the errors of habit so excellent. Seek the good of other men, but be not in bondage to their faces or fancies: for that is but facility or softness; which taketh honest mind prisoner.
Why does the author mention the example of the Christian boy?a. To prove the point that even if a person is not good to his fellow beings, he will show kindness to other living beings.
b. To prove that social pressure can ensure goodness and righteous living.
c. To show that the might of religion is greater than that of society.
d. To show that things can take an ugly turn if goodness is not complied with.
e. To show the influence of morality in our lives.