I had posted this in one of the comments but i want nobody to miss out on this ! so posting it here !
For all those verbal suc**** like me who dont have ny idea about Head and tail
1. They can be verified or discovered
2. Applicable to all Universal truths.
3. Anything that is seen, heard or read is a fact.
4. Anyone elses opinion stated by the author is a fact. (The personal opinion will become a judgement)
5. Figures, Statistics or other data without an opinion attached to it is a fact. (with an opinion attached becomes an inference).
INFERENCES: 1. A logical conclusion based on a set of facts. (Logical conclusion meaning, anyone seeing those set of facts should be able to arrive at that.)
2. Change the facts and the conclusion will no longer be valid.
3. Inferences are self-explanatory. It tells you why. (If you have a statement which looks like an inference and you form a why question on it, you should be able to get an answer. If you dont, it will become a Judgement.)
4. An inference is an opinion that doesnt change according to perspective.
5. If the set of sentences given to you are connected, you can only do UPLINKING to decide that a statement as an inference. Meaning You should have the facts preceeding this statement. If the facts are provided as the next statements it cannot be an inference. It will be a judgement. Ex: A. X is a good student when it comes to attendance. B. X attends college regularly. In this example, statement A is a judgement, statement B is a fact. If you change the order like below A. X attends college regularly. B. X is a good student when it comes to attendance. In this case A is a fact and B is an inference.
6. One fact can lead to multiple inferences.
7. Inference will have verbal bridges with facts ( words like leads to, points to, indicates, shows, explains, expresses)
8. A cause and effect relation ship can be termed as an inference.
9. A statement backed up by an example in the same sentence will be an inference.
JUDGEMENTS: 1. Any statement that could lead to an approval or disapproval.
2. It is the authors personal opinion.
3. It is open to challenge.
4. It doesnt tell you why. ( see point 3 of inference for clarity) 5. It changes according to perspective.
A fact or an inference or a judgement will be as per the above mentioned rules but it is not mandatory that each satisfies all the conditions.