a. The British created the tribal areas as a buffer between undivided India and Afghanistan granting administrative autonomy and giving special privileges to Maliks, or tribal elders, in return for services such as maintenance of peace and keeping the Khyber Pass open.
b. Comprising a total population of 5.7 million, the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) has seven distinct areas inhabited by Pashton tribes.
c. The tribal areas are located on the Pakistan side of the 2,400 km long Durand line that separates this country from Afghanistan.
d. This system continued under independent Pakistan: the government refrained from establishing direct rule, universal adult franchise was extended here as late as 1997 and political parties remain outlawed.
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