Government flagship schemes/policies can be important for your IRMA exam as well as for IBPS, SSC, UPSC interviews/written exams. Shyama Prasad
Mukherji Rurban Mission has recently been in the news – in this article, let us look at the salient details of this mission/scheme.
Cabinet approved this scheme to transform rural areas into economically,
socially and physically sustainable spaces.
To achieve strengthening rural
areas and de-burdening the urban areas.
To carry out balanced regional
development and growth of the nation by simultaneously benefitting the rural
and urban areas.
To develop rural growth
clusters which have potential for growth in all states and UTs which would then
result in overall progress in the region.
To bridge the rural-urban
divide and reduce distress migration from rural to urban areas.
With an outlay of Rs. 5142.08
crore, the Rurban Mission will develop clusters of smart villages which have a
potential for holistic growth. These clusters will be developed by encouraging economic
activities, local entrepreneurship and creation of infrastructure.
By 2019-20, the government will
set up 300 such clusters across the nation. The funding will be through
different schemes of the Government converged into the cluster.
Fourteen components have been
suggested as desirable for a cluster to ensure optimum development: skill
development training linked to economic activities, Agro Processing or Agri
Services/Storage and Warehousing, Digital Literacy, Sanitation, provision of
piped water supply, solid and liquid waste management, village streets and drains,
street lights, fully equipped mobile health unit, upgrading school and higher
education facilities, inter-village road connectivity, Citizen Service Centres for
electronic delivery of citizen centric services and e-gram connectivity, Public
Transportation and LPG gas connections.
To select the clusters, the
Ministry of Rural Development is using a scientific method, which involves an
objective analysis of demography, economy, tourism and pilgrimage significance
and transportation corridor impact. This will be done at the District,
Sub-District and Village levels.
Integrated Cluster Action Plans
will be prepared by the States for Rurban Clusters. These will be detailed plan
documents that will lay out the strategy for the cluster, desired results for
the cluster under the mission, along with the converged resources under Central
sector, schemes sponsored by Centre and State Sector, and the Critical Gap
Funding (CGF) needed for the cluster.
Along with CGF, major steps
have been taken to ensure the success of the programme with proper budget
provisions to support the State Government towards project development,
capacity building and other institutional arrangements at the state level.
The programme will provide an
additional funding support of up to 30 per cent of the project cost per cluster
as CGF as Central Share so as to enable development of Rurban clusters.
For smooth implementation of the Mission, both
State and Centre will make institutional arrangements. An Innovation budget
towards facilitating research, development and capacity building has also been
The clusters will have geographically
proximity to Gram Panchayats with a population of about 25,000 to 50,000 in plain
and coastal areas, and a population of 5,000 to 15,000 in desert, hilly or
A separate approach of
selection will be at work to select clusters in Tribal and Non-Tribal Districts.
These are the
major points in the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission. If you can
understand these well, you can attempt questions on it with greater ease.
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