HomeUPSCUPSC Mains

UPSC Mains exam 2016: Question paper for Essay, GS 1, GS 2

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is conducting the Civil Services Main Examination 2016 from December 3 to 9, 2016.

UPSC Civil services 2016 Essay paper

Section ‘A’

1. If development is not engendered, it is endangered

2. Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed

3. Water disputes between states in federal India

4. Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare

Section B

1. Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality

2. Cyberspace and internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run

3. Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms

4. Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality

UPSC IAS Mains 2016 General Studies Paper 1

  • Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives, successfully expoundsBuddhist ideals. Elucidate.
  • Krishna deva Raya, the king of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was a also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.
  • Explain how the upraising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.
  • Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.
  • Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.
  • Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian unity?
  • The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western -educated Africans. Examine.
  • To what extent globalisation has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.
  • “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.
  • Why are the tribals in India referred to as ‘the Scheduled Tribes’? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment.
  • With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme.”
  • What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer.
  • Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes.
  • “The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.”Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.
  • The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain.
  • South China Sea has assumed great geopolitical significance in the present context. Comment.
  • Major cities of India are becoming vulnerable to flood conditions. Discuss.
  • Present an account of the Indus Water Treaty and examine its ecological, economic and political implications in the context of changing bilateral relations.
  • Enumerate the problems and prospects of inland water transport in India.
  • In what way micro-watershed development projects help in water conservation in drought-prone and semi-arid regions of India?

UPSC IAS Mains 2016 General Studies Paper 2

  • Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any, that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?
  • To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir”, temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.
  • “The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss.
  • Exercise of CAG’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.
  • Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the ‘Preamble’. Are they defendable in the present circumstances?
  • What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that judicial review is of key importance amongst the basic features of the Constitution?
  • Did the Government of India Act, 1935 lay down a federal constitution? Discuss.
  • What is quasi judicial body? Explain with the help of concrete examples.
  • Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?
  • “In the Indian governance system, the role of non-state actors has been only marginal.” Critically examine this statement.
  • “Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are inter-dependent/” Discuss their relationship in the context of India.
  • In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.
  • Has the Indian governmental system responded adequately to the demands of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization started in 1991? What can the government do to be responsive to this important change?
  •  “Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic development in India.” Comment.
  • Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation.
  • “Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?
  • “The broader aims and objectives of WTO are to manage and promote international trade in the era of globalization. But the Doha round of negotiations seem doomed due to differences between the developed and the developing countries.” Discuss in the Indian perspective.
  • 18. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post Cold War international scenario.
  • “Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples.
  • What are the aims and objectives of the McBride Commission of the UNESCO? What is India’s position on these?

Read Next