Logical reasoning quiz for MAT, CMAT

Dear readers,

This quiz consists of questions from
various past papers of MBA entrance exams. Leave your answers/ responses in the
comments section below and soon we’ll let you know the correct answers!

1. Rajesh walked 25 metres towards South. Then he turned to his left and
walked 20 metres. He then turned to his left and walked 25 metres. He again
turned to his right and walked 15 metres. At what distance is he from the
starting point and in which direction?

(1) 60 metres-East

(2) 35 metres-East

(3) 35 metres-North

(4) 40 metres-East

2. Persons X, Y, Z and Q live in red, green, yellow or blue coloured houses
placed in a sequence on a street. Z lives in a yellow house. The green house is
adjacent to the blue house. X does not live adjacent to Z. The yellow house is
in between the green and red houses. The colour of the house X lives in is:

(1) green

(2) blue

(3) red

(4) cannot be determined

3. My bag can carry no more than ten books. I must carry at least one book
each of management, mathematics, physics and fiction. Also, for every
management book, I must carry two or more fiction books, and for every
mathematics book, I must carry two or more physics books. I earn 4, 3, 2 and 1
points for each management, mathematics, physics and fiction book,
respectively, I carry in my bag. I want to maximize the points I can earn by
carrying the most appropriate combination of books in my bag. The maximum
points that I can earn are:

(1) 21               (2) 20               (3) 22               (4) 23

4. Five persons with names, P, M, U, T and X live separately in any one of
the following: a palace, a hut, a fort, a house or a hotel. Each one likes two
different colours from among the following: blue, black, red, yellow and green.
U likes red and blue. T likes black. The person living in a palace does not
like black or blue. P likes blue and red. M likes yellow. X lives in a hotel. M
lives in a:

(1) fort            (2) hut                         (3) palace        (4) house

5. There are ten animals-two each of lions, panthers, bisons, bears, and
deer in a zoo. The enclosures in the zoo are named X, Y, Z, P and Q and each
enclosure is allotted to one of the following attendants: Jack, Mohan, Shalini,
Suman and Rita. Two animals of different species are housed in each enclosure.
A lion and a deer cannot be together. A panther cannot be with either a deer or
a bison. Suman attends to animals from among bison, bear and panther only.
Mohan attends to a lion and a panther. Jack does not attend to deer, lion or
bison. X, Y and Z are allotted to Mohan, Jack and Rita respectively. X and Q
enclosures have one animal of the same species. Z and P have the same pair of
animals. The animals attended by Shalini are:

(1) bison and deer

(2) bear and bison

(3) bear and lion

(4) bear and panther

6. Eighty kilograms (kg) of store material is to be transported to a
location 10 km away. Any number of couriers can be used to transport the
material. The material can be packed in any number of units of 10, 20 or 40 kg.
Courier charges are Rs 10 per hour. Couriers travel at the speed of 10 km/hr if
they are not carrying any load, at 5 km/hr if carrying 10 kg, at 2 km/hr if
carrying 20 kg and at 1 km/hr if carrying 40 kg. A courier cannot carry more
than 40 kg of load. The minimum cost at which 80 kg of store material can be
transported to its destination will be:

(1) Rs 160        (2) Rs 180        (3) Rs 140        (4) Rs 120

Directions (Questions 7-11): Each of these questions are followed by two
arguments numbered I and II. Decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument
and which is a ‘weak’ argument. Mark answer as:

(1) if only Argument II is strong.

(2) if only Argument I is strong.

(3) if either Argument I or II is strong.

(4) if neither Argument I nor II is strong.

7. Should there be only one rate of interest for term deposits of varying
durations in banks?

Arguments:

I. No, people will refrain money for longer duration resulting into
reduction of liquidity level of banks.

II. Yes, this will be much simpler for the common people and they may be
encouraged to keep more money in banks.

8. Should all those who have come in contact with the patients’ infectious
respiratory disease be quarantined in their houses?

Arguments:

I. No, nobody should be quarantined unless they are tested and found to be
infected by the virus causing the disease.

II. Yes, this is the only way to control the spread of the dreaded disease.

9. Should mutual funds be brought under strict government control?

Arguments:

I. Yes, that is one of the ways to protect the interest of the investors.

II. No, strict government controls are likely to be counter productive.

10. Should all the profit making public sector units be sold to private
companies?

Arguments:

I. Yes, this will help the government to augment its resources for
implementing the development programmes.

II. No, the private companies will not be able to run these units
effectively.

11. Should the public sector undertakings be allowed to adopt hire and fire
policy?

Arguments:

I. Yes, this will help the public sector undertakings to get rid of
non-performing employees and will also help to reward the performing employees.

II. No, the management may not be able to implement the policy in an
unbiased manner and the employees will suffer due to the high-handedness of the
management.

Directions (Questions 12-15): In each of these questions, a statement is
followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something
supposed or taken for granted. Mark answer as:

(1) if only Assumption II is implicit.

(2) if only Assumption I is implicit.

(3) if either Assumption I or II is implicit.

(4) if neither Assumption I nor II is implicit.

Statement:

12. The KLM company has decided to go for tax-free and taxable bonds to
raise its resources.

Assumptions:

I. The KLM company has already explored other sources to raise money.

II. The products of KLM company have little competition in the market.

Statement:

13. It is felt that when the airline is facing stiff competition coupled
with a precarious financial position, the top level posts should be kept open
for outside professionals than internal candidates.

Assumptions:

I. Internal candidates aspire only getting promotions, without much
contribution.

II. Experienced professionals are more likely to handle the problems of the
airline.

Statement:

14. Lack of stimulation in the first four-five years of life can have
adverse consequences.

Assumptions:

I. A great part of the development of observed intelligence occurs in the
earliest years of life.

II. 50 per cent of the measurable intelligence at the age of 17 is already
predictable by the age of four.

Statement:

15. Take this ‘oven’ home and you can prepare very tasty dishes which you
were unable to prepare earlier-An advertisement of X brand oven.

Assumptions:

I. The user knows the procedure recipe of tasty dishes but does not have
the proper oven to cook.

II. Only ‘X’ brand oven can cook very tasty dishes.

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Answers

1(2)    2(2)    
3(3)    4(3)     5(3)   
 6(3)   7(2)   
8(2)     9(2)    10(2)   
11(3)    12(2)     13(4)   
14(1)     15(2)

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