India gets associate membership of CERN
- India formally became an associate member of CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research)
- India had ‘observer’ status since 2004.
- India can take part in meetings of the CERN Council and its committees but will not have voting rights on decisions of the council.
- The membership will make Indian scientists eligible for staff appointments in CERN.
- European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) is world’s largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory. It is situated in North West suburbs of Geneva on France-Swiss Border. It was established in 1954.
- It has 22 member states, four associate members (including India, Pakistan, Turkey and Ukraine) and three International Organisations have observer status.
- The laboratory helps scientists and engineers probing fundamental structure of Universe using the most sophisticated scientific instruments and advanced computing systems. Provide the necessary infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research including particle accelerators.
- One of the major achievements of CERN is the discovery of the Higgs Boson which is popularly known as the God particle.
Ministry of Railways launches ‘Mission 41K’
- Mission 41K is a programme to save Rs. 41,000 crore of the Indian Railways’ expenditure on energy consumption over the next 10 years.
- Measures to achieve this milestone includes moving 90% of traffic to electric traction over diesel from present 50% of the total rail traffic.
- The railways will also procure more electricity at cheaper rates through open market instead of sourcing it through DISCOMs. Thereby it hopes to save as much as 25% on its energy expenses.
- The Electrification Mission will help Indian Railways to reduce dependence on imported fuel, change energy mix, and rationalize the cost of energy for Railways.