SSC CGL Syllabus and Pattern 2018

The race is on for SSC CGL 2018 with candidates awaiting the announcement of dates for the Tier-I Exam. The exam is divided into 4 stages and candidates must prepare according to the posts they have applied for. Read on to know the SSC CGL Syllabus and Exam Pattern for CGLE 2018. Check out the SSC CGL Cutoffs for 2017 SSC CGL Exam as well below.

SSC CGL 2018 Examination Pattern

The entire Examination will be conducted in four tiers as indicated below:

Tier -I Computer Based Examination
Tier -II Computer Based Examination
Tier -III Pen and Paper Mode (Descriptive paper)
Tier-IV Computer Proficiency Test/ Skill Test (wherever applicable)/ Document Verification

Scheme of Tier-I and Tier-II Examinations

Tier Subject Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time allowed
I A. General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 50 60 Minutes (Total) For VH/ OH (afflicted with Cerebral Palsy/ deformity in writing hand- Pl. See para5.10 of Notice): 80 Minutes
B. General Awareness 25 50
C. Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
D. English Comprehension 25 50
Note In Tier-I: There will be negative marking of 0.50 for each wrong answer.
II Paper-I: Quantitative Abilities 100 200 120 Minutes (for each Paper) For VH/ OH (afflicted with Cerebral Palsy/ deformity in writing hand- Pl. See para5.10 of Notice): 160 Minutes
Paper-II: English Language and Comprehension 200 200
Paper-III: Statistics 100 200
Paper-IV: General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 200

Note-I In Tier-II:
Negative marking of 0.25 for each wrong answer in Paper-II (English Language and Comprehension) 

Negative marking 0.50 marks for each wrong answer in Paper-I, Paper-III and Paper-IV (Quant, Statistics and GS)

Note-II in Tier-II:
Paper-III will be for only those candidates who apply for the post of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO)
Paper-IV will be for only those candidates who apply for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/Assistant Accounts Officer

Scheme of Tier-III Examination

Tier Mode of Examination Scheme of Examination Maximum Marks Time Allowed
III Pen and Paper mode Descriptive Paper in English or Hindi (Writing of Essay/ Precis/ Letter/ Application etc.) 100  60 Minutes For VH/ OH (afflicted with Cerebral Palsy/ deformity in writing hand- Pl. See para5.10 of Notice): 80 Minutes

Scheme of Tier-IV Examination

Computer Proficiency Test/ Skill Test (wherever applicable)/ Document Verification will also be conducted as per the provisions of the notice of examination.

A] Data Entry Skill Test (DEST): For the post of Tax Assistants (Central Excise & Income Tax)

> The “Data Entry Speed Test” Skill Test will be conducted for a passage of about 2000 (two thousand) key depressions for a duration of 15 (fifteen) minutes.

> This test will be of qualifying nature.

> Computers for the test will be provided by the Commission at the Centre/ venue notified for the purpose.

> The Skill Test will be held at the Commission’s Regional/ Sub-Regional Offices or at other Centres as may be decided by the commission.

B] Computer Proficiency Test (CPT): For the posts of Assistant Section Officer of CSS, Assistant Section Officer (MEA), Assistant in Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Assistant (GSI) in the Ministry of Mine

> The Commission will hold Computer Proficiency Test (CPT), comprising of three modules:

i] Word Processing
ii] Spread Sheet
iii] Generation of Slides

> No exemption from CPT is allowed for any category of PwD candidates

> CPT will be of qualifying nature.

C] Document Verification (DV)

> All the candidates qualified for Document Verification are required to come for Document Verification.

> Those who fail to do so will not be considered for any post at the time of final selection.

> Candidates will have to submit copies of various documents like Matriculation Certificate, educational qualification, caste certificate, relevant document, if any relaxation is taken, etc. Candidates will be required to produce all documents in original for verification at the time of document verification.

SSC CGL Examination Syllabus

Indicative Syllabus for Tier-II Examination as per the notification released by SSC is as found below:

Paper Syllabus
Paper I:
Quantitative Abilities[Questions in Paper-I will be of Matriculation Level]
The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate.

The scope of the test will be:
1] Number System:

  • Computation of whole numbers, decimals, fractions
  • Relationships between numbers
  • Square Roots
  • Elementary Surds

2] Percentage and Ratios

  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Averages
  • Interest
  • Profit and Loss
  • Discount
  • Partnership Business
  • Mixture and Alligation
  • Time & Work

3] Speed, Time and Distance

4] Algebra

  • Basic Algebraic identities of School Algebra
  • Graphs of Linear Equations
  • Standard Identities

5] Geometry

  • Complementary angles
  • Heights and Distances
  • Degree and Radian Measures
  • Triangle and its various kinds of centres
  • Congruence and similarity of triangles
  • Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles,
  • Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons, Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base

6] Trignometry Basic

  • Trigonometric Ratio

7] Data Interpretation

  • Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart
English Language and Comprehension[Questions in Paper-II will be of 10+2 Level]
Questions in this component will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of English Language.

Question Types:

  • Spot the error
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Spelling/ detecting misspelled words
  • Idioms & phrases
  • One word substitution
  • Improvement of sentences
  • Active/ passive voice of verbs
  • Conversion into direct/ indirect narration
  • Shuffling of sentence parts, shuffling of sentences in a passage
  • Cloze passage
  • Comprehension passage
Statistics[Only for post of JSO][Questions in Paper-III will be of Graduation Level]
1] Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data

  • Primary and Secondary data
  • Methods of data collection
  • Tabulation of data
  • Graphs and charts
  • Frequency distributions
  • Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.

2] Measures of Central Tendency

  • Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.

3] Measures of Dispersion

  • Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.

4] Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

  • Different types of moments and their relationship
  • Meaning of skewness and kurtosis
  • Different measures of skewness and kurtosis.

5] Correlation and Regression

  • Scatter diagram
  • Simple correlation coefficient
  • Simple regression lines
  • Spearman’s rank correlation
  • Measures of association of attributes
  • Multiple regression
  • Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only)

6] Probability Theory

  • Meaning of probability
  • Different definitions of probability
  • Conditional probability
  • Compound probability
  • Independent events
  • Bayes’ theorem.

7] Random Variable and Probability Distributions

  • Random variable
  • Probability functions
  • Expectation and Variance of a random variable
  • Higher moments of a random variable
  • Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions
  • Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).

8] Sampling Theory

  • Concept of population and sample
  • Parameter and statistic
  • Sampling and non-sampling errors
  • Probability and non-probability sampling techniques (simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling)
  • Sampling distribution (statement only)
  • Sample size decisions.

9] Statistical Inference

  • Point estimation and interval estimation
  • Properties of a good estimator
  • Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method)
  • Testing of hypothesis – Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.

10] Analysis of Variance

  • Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data.

11] Time Series Analysis

  • Components of time series
  • Determinations of trend component by different methods
  • Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.

12] Index Numbers

  • Meaning of Index Numbers
  • Problems in the construction of index numbers
  • Types of index number
  • Different formulae
  • Base shifting and splicing of index numbers
  • Cost of living Index Numbers
  • Uses of Index Numbers.
General Studies-Finance and Economics[Only for Post of Assistant Audit Officer/Assistant Accounts Officer][Questions in Paper-IV will be of Graduation Level]

Part A: Finance and Accounts – (80 marks)

1] Fundamental Principles and Basic Concept of Accounting

  • Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
  • Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading,
    Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.

Part B: Economics and Governance – (120 marks)

1] Comptroller & Auditor General of India- Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility

2] Finance Commission-Role and functions

3] Basic Concept of Economics and Introduction to Micro Economics

  • Definition, Scope and Nature of Economics
  • Methods of economic study
  • Central problems of an economy
  • Production possibilities curve

4] Theory of Demand and Supply Meaning and determinants of demand

  • Law of demand and Elasticity of demand
  • Price, income and cross elasticity
  • Theory of consumer’s behaviour – Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach
  • Meaning and determinants of supply
  • Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply

5] Theory of Production and Cost

  • Meaning and Factors of production
  • Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.

6] Forms of Market and Price determination in Different Markets

  • Various forms of markets – Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly
  • Price determination in these markets

7] Indian Economy

  • Nature of the Indian Economy
  • Role of different sectors – Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth
  • National Income of India – Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income
  • Population – Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth
  • Poverty and unemployment – Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment
  • Infrastructure – Energy, Transportation, Communication

8] Economic Reforms in India

  • Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment

9] Money and Banking

  • Monetary/ Fiscal policy – Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India
  • Functions of commercial Banks/ RRB/ Payment Banks
  • Budget and Fiscal deficits
  • Balance of payments
  • Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003

10] Role of Information Technology in Governance

SSC CGL – Mode of Selection

Qualification to Appear in Tier-II Examination

  • Based on the marks scored in Tier-I Computer Based Examination, candidates will be shortlisted, category-wise, to appear in Tier-II Examination.
  • The Commission shall have the discretion to fix minimum qualifying marks in each component of the Tier-I Examination.
  • The Commission may fix separate cut-offs for Paper-III (i.e. for the post of JSO), PaperIV (i.e. for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer and Assistant Accounts Officer) and for Paper-I+Paper-II (all other posts).

Qualification to Appear in Tier-III Examination

  • Based on the aggregate performance in Tier-I and Tier-II Examinations, candidates will be shortlisted to appear in Tier-III (Descriptive Paper).
  • The Commission may fix minimum qualifying marks in each Paper of Tier-II. 1

Qualification to Appear in Tier-IV Process

  • The candidates who score minimum qualifying marks, as fixed by the Commission, in Tier-III Examination will be eligible to appear in Skill Tests and Document Verification.
  • Based on the aggregate performance in Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III Examinations, candidates will be shortlisted to appear in Document Verification and Skill Tests i.e. Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) and Data Entry Skill Test (DEST).
  • Skill Tests are qualifying in nature.
  • If a candidate does not appear in Skill Test or fails to qualify the Skill Test, he/ she will not be eligible for the posts where CPT/ DEST are required.

Final Selection

  • Merit list will be prepared on the basis of overall performance of candidates in Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III Examinations.
  • Final selection of candidates, in each category, will be made on the basis of aggregate marks scored by them in Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III examinations and preference of posts exercised by them.

Official SSC CGL Cut Off 2017 (Upto Tier-III)

The cutoffs expressed are aggregate of Tier-I and Tier-II for qualification to Tier-III of the CGLE 2017.

Table 1: Number of candidates qualified for appearing in SSC CGLE 2017 (Tier-III) for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer and Assistant Accounts Officer


Cut-off Marks

Tier-I + Tier-II


Candidates available






















Table-2: Candidates qualified for appearing in CGLE 2017 (Tier-III) for the post of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO)


Cut-off Marks

Tier-I + Tier-II


Candidates available






















Table-3: Candidates qualified for appearing in CGLE 2017 (Tier-III) for posts other than Assistant Audit Officer, Assistant Accounts Officer and Junior Statistical Officer


Cut-off Marks

Tier-I + Tier-II


Candidates Available