General Knowledge is an important for most competitive exams, namely the UPSC Civil Services Examination, SSC CGL, Bank PO & PSU entrance tests, etc. Therefore, an understanding of the concepts/terms are significant in our daily lives is critical for aspirants. To make your preparation easier and to help you score better, we at PaGaLGuY bring you brief articles on trending phenomena and concepts.
This is the second article in the series for the common Botany terminologies.
1. Horticulture: This branch deals with the art, technology, science and business of intensive plant cultivation. Horticulture aims at improving the quality of plants (both for food and non-food uses), its yield, nutritional value, resistance to diseases and environmental stress.
2. Palynology: It is the study of pollen grains of seed plants and spores in both live and fossilized forms. It is useful for radiocarbon dating and studying the conditions of past environments.
3. Dendrology: This branch studies characteristics of woody trees, plants and their classification. This helps to distinguish different species.
4. Ethnobotany: It is the systematic study of relationship of people from a particular culture and the use of indigenous plants of that region. It establishes the way how plants have influenced human life and continues to contribute to the ever-growing knowledge of traditional medicines.
5. Agrostology: This branch deals with the study of grasses and their classification.
6. Paleobotany: Also known as Paleophytology, it is a science that deals with the recovery and identification of plant fossils and ancient vegetation. It helps in the reconstruction of their geological past and is fundamental to the study of evolutionary history of not only plants but also life in general.
7. Phytochemistry: It is a science that deals with the study of phytochemicals. These are chemical compounds (secondary metabolite products) obtained from plants that contribute to the protective function of plants against insects and diseases. These compounds are beneficial to humans also. For eg. Lycopene in tomatoes are rich in antioxidants while phytosterols found in soybeans and nuts are highly beneficial for protection against cholesterol absorption.
8. Pedology: This branch deals with the formation of soil, its structure, classification and the way soils influence the organisms around them.
9. Plant Pathology: Also known as phytopathology, it is the study of diseases found in plants caused by pathogens (disease-causing organisms) and environmental factors. Phytopathology helps to understand the different disease cycles, identification and discovery of new pathogens, plant disease resistance and its effect on economy.
Link to Common terminologies used in Botany – Capsule 1:
Link to Common terminologies used in Botany – Capsule 3:
Link to Common terminologies used in Botany – Capsule 4:
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