The concept of friction is very important in variety of of problems involving concept of Newton’s Laws of Motion. Whenever a block is placed over the rough surface of another block then it is also important to analyze the condition on external effects under which the upper block starts sliding.
are framed on such condition.
When a body is subjected to external forces and if it is at rest relative to the surface on which it is placed
then the friction acting at the contact would be static friction. If external force is increased the
magnitude of static friction between bodies will increase and as it approaches limiting value, bodies will
This concept can be easily applied when the lower block is at rest but when both blocks are
in motion, we need to be very careful while solving the equations of Laws of Motion as the analysis is
now done relative to lower block.
See the video below on how to apply the concept in finding the
condition of sliding when a block is moving over another block – https://youtu.be/VOEWcZiJHLg
To apply the logic in various situations, see the examples explained in below videos –
Misconception: While solving problem of finding condition of sliding of a block over another the most
common mistake students do by simply calculating static friction and equate it with limiting friction in
the reference frame of lower block and ignore the motion of lower block. Due to acceleration of lower
block the static friction on upper block changes. If you analyze the problem in the reference frame of
lower block which is accelerating always consider the Pseudo Force on the upper block relative to lower
There can be variety of problems which can be framed on this concept of sliding of a body over another
See the below advance illustrations to develop a thorough understanding on application of this