Quick Facts for General Knowledge

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Quick Facts: What is Water Footprint?

Water Footprint  is defined as the total volume of fresh water used by an individual or a community to produce goods and services

As per the use and source, it is divided into three types, viz, Blue, Green, and Grey.

1. Bluewater Footprint - The amount of freshwater that evaporated from the global blue water sources like lakes, ponds, rivers, wells, reservoirs in producing goods and services.

2. Greenwater Footprint - The amount of freshwater evaporated from moist lands, wetlands, soil, farms etc, in producing goods and services.

3. Greywater Footprints - The amount of freshwater that was polluted while producing good and services. 

Water Footprint is measured in cubic meter/per person/ per year. The average water footprint per person per year is approx 1240 m cubic meter.

Quick Facts:  Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National is famous for the Big Five namely the Rhinoceros (2,401 nos), Tiger (116 nos), Elephant (1,165 nos), Asiatic Wild Buffalo and the Eastern Swamp Deer (1,148 nos). It houses the largest population of One Horned Rhinoceros in the world and has about 68% of the entire world population of One-horned Rhinoceros. It also has one of the highest densities of tigers in the wild in the world. It also houses almost entire population of the Eastern Swamp Deer. Besides these big five, Kaziranga supports immense floral and faunal biodiversity. 
The Kaziranga National Park has on its North the river Brahmaputra, entire stretch of which from Golaghat district boundary on the east to the Kaliabhomora bridge on Brahmaputra in the west. On one hand the annual flood waters of the river bring nourishment, leading to a very high productive biomass, but on the other hand, the phenomenon of erosion takes away lot of valuable and prime habitat.   

Quick Facts: What are dual core and Quad core processors?

Development of multi-core processors is one of the latest trends in the computer industry, because single core processors rapidly reach the physical limits of possible complexity and speed.

A multi-core microprocessor is one that combines two or more

independent processors into a single package, generally in a single integrated circuit (lC). 

A Dual Core processor is a device that contains two independent

microprocessors and a Quad-core device contains four microprocessors. The Multi-core processors enhances the performance, also reduces the power consumption, and is more efficient in performing multiple processes.

Quick Facts: How does a computer keep a track of the current time even when it is switched off?

A dekstop PC has a lithium cell or battery (the same is used in digital

diaries) called a BIOS cell inside the CPU, and attached to the motherboard, which keeps a track of the current time even after the computer is

powered down, whereas in laptops, the battery of the laptop itself is

used to keep track of time. This battery also saves the settings

required during a boot operation.

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Quick Facts: What is the difference between the U.K, Great Britain and England?

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a country that includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Island. Its official name is “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.”  

Great Britain

Great Britain is an island that consists of three somewhat autonomous regions that include England, Scotland, and Wales  


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Quick Facts: Travellers from Indian History

Al Beruni - from Middle Asia

1) Visited India in 1000 AD- 1025 AD

2) Came along with Mahmud Ghazni

3) First Muslim scholar to study India

4) Wrote Tarikh-al-Hind / Kitab-Ul-Hind

Quick Facts: Deepest Trenches vs Oceans

Artic Ocean- Eurasian Basin at 5,450 meters (17,881 feet) deep

Indian Ocean- Java Trench at 7,725 meters (25,344 feet)

Pacific Ocean- Mariana Trench at 11,033 meters (36,201 feet)deep, 

Atlantic Ocean- Puerto Rico Trench at 8,648 meters (28,374 feet) deep


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Quick Facts (Geography): What is a Lagoon?

A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs. Lagoons are commonly divided into coastal lagoons and atoll lagoons. 

Chilka lake in Orissa and Vembanad lake in Kerala are Lagoons both connected to the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea respectively.

Chilka lake is the largest coastal Lagoon in India

Chilika Lake is a Brackish water lagoon spanning in 3 districts of Puri, Khurda and Ganjam of Odisha. The lake is an ecosystem with large fishery resources and supports 1.5 Lkh fishermen. Chilka lake has the distinction of being India's First Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention

Quick Facts: What is CDMA?

CDMA stands for Code Division Mnultiple Access, is a digital cellular technology that uses spread-spectrum techniques. Unlike other contemporary technologies, such as GSM that uses TDMA, CDMA does not assign a specific spectrum to each user, rather every user can access the available spectrum. Hence, CDMA consistently provides better voice and data communication than GSM. 

CDMA is a military technology first used during the World War-II by the British and their allies to foil attempts at jamming transmissions.

Does your map look funny? Here's why... 


Quick Facts: Tinkhatia System (History)

The peasants (bhumihars) of Champaran (Naam toh suna hi hoga) and other areas sorrrounding 

North Bihar were cultivating Indigo under the tinkathia

system. Under this system, peasants were bound

to plant Indigo in 3 out of the 20 parts in his  land for his landlord.

This meant that out of 20 khatas which make an acre, peasants had

to dedicate 3 khatas for indigo plantation. This was the root cause which triggered discontent amongst the peasants of Champaran. 

They had to lease this part in return to the advance at the beginning of each cultivation season. The price

was too less and was fixed on the area cultivated rather than the

crop produced. They were actually being cheated by the English


The planters had agreed to the peasants to relive them from the

lease contracts but demanded heavy compensations which they

were not able to pay. 

Hence, a local peasant leader Rajkumar Shukla invited Mahatma Gandhi to visit Champaran, which lead to the Champaran Satyagraha

Quick Facts Current Affairs: 


INS Tarini to be Inducted into Indian Navy on February 18, 2017

The Indian Navy’s second ocean going sailboat Tarini will be inducted at a ceremony scheduled to be held at the INS Mandovi Boat Pool on evening of February 18, 2017.

  • The sail boat Tarini is being inducted into the Navy and is slated to be the platform for First Indian All Women Circumnavigation of the Globe expedition of the Indian Navy. 
  • The boat has been built to a stock design by Van de Stadt, Netherlands called Tonga 56.
  • The boat draws her origin from the famous Tara-Tarini temple of Orissa’s Ganjam district. The word Tarinimeans a Boat and is also a Sanskrit word for Saviour.
  • In order to promote ocean sailing activities and to encourage women empowerment, the Indian Navy conceptualized the idea of the First Indian All Women Circumnavigation of the Globe
  • A team of six women Officers led by Lieutenant Commander Vartika Joshi was selected for this project.

Quick Facts: Why Bluetooth, why not any other color?

Bluetooth is the anglicized form of the Danish word Bletand, Ble meaning blue — the victory title given to the 10th century King Harald Gormsson. Harald was born in circa 935 and ruled Denmark around 958 and as King of Norway around 970.  

Bluetooth technology was invented in 1994 by Swedish company Ericsson, which found it appropriate to name it after the Scandinavian king who had united several Danish tribes and parts of Norway into a single kingdom. 

The implication is that a Bluetooth does the work of uniting different communication protocols into one universal standard.

Quick Facts: Soil Map of India

Quick Facts: Current International Relations

India - Bangladesh

1. India and Bangladesh signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the sustainable development of Sylhet city with financial aid from India.  

  • Under the project in Sylhet, the Indian government will provide financial aid for the construction of a five- storey Kinder Garten and High School Building, a six-storey cleaner colony building; and for some development work in Dhupa Dighirpar area at a total cost of around Taka 240 million.  
  • The signing was the follow-up of an earlier MoU which was signed by India and Bangladesh in April 2013 for the implementation of sustainable development projects in socio-economic sectors of Bangladesh.      
  • President launched "Akashvani Maitree" Channel .The channel is a unique venture of All India Radio aimed at  strengthening ties between India and Bangladesh. The service will be broadcast on 596 KHz.   

Quick Facts: IMF

     About IMF   

  • International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established along with the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development at the Conference of 44 nations held at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA in July 1944.  
  • At present, 187 nations are members of IMF.  
  • India is a founder member of the IMF.  
  • The objectives of IMF is 
  • macro-economic growth, alleviation of poverty and economic stability, policy advice & financing for developing  countries, forum for cooperation in monetary system, Promotion of exchange rate stability and  international payment system.  
  • India has not taken any financial assistance from  the IMF since 1993.  

Had u sat for UPSE-2017 held on 18th June, how would u have fared? Solve the MCQs and find out https://www.pagalguy.com/discussions/current-affairs-2016-2017-46217686 

Ram Nath Kovind to become India's 14th President: Here are 6 Quick facts about Presidential elections in India

Former governor Ram Nath Kovind was elected as India’s 14th President. He will be only the second Dalit leader after K R Narayanan since Independence to occupy India’s highest ceremonial post. 

Prior to started practising the law, he had cleared Civil Services Examination in third attempt but did not join as he was selected for allied services.

1. There is no legal limit to the number of terms a person can be elected as a President. The first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad, was re-elected when his term got over in 1957. He is the only President to have served two terms (1952-1962)

2. Dr. Rajendra Prasad secured 98.99 per cent of the total votes, the maximum till date to become President of India for the second time in 1957.

3. India has had sixteen presidents in the functioning of the India parliament till date including two acting presidents. All the Presidents completed their full five year term except Dr. Zakir Husain and Dr. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, who passed away while in office on May 03, 1969 and Feb 11, 1977 respectively.


4. After the demise of the president, Dr Zakir Husain in 1969, V.V. Giri assumed the office of the Acting President. For the Presidential elections, he resigned from the office of Vice-President. It was for the first time that a situation arose when both the President and the Vice-President were not in office and the Chief Justice of India functioned as the Acting President till completion of Presidential election.

5. In 1977, for the seventh Presidential election, in all 37 candidates were rejected by the Returning Officer on scrutiny, the only validly nominated candidate Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, remained in the field. After 3:00 pm on the last day fixed for withdrawal of the candidature, the Returning Officer declared the result of the election in which Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was declared elected unopposed on the day itself. It was for the first time that a candidate was declared elected to the highest office without a contest.

6. Fifty seven years after the Indian Constitution came into force, history was created in July 2007 when Pratibha Devisingh Patil became the first woman to be elected as the President of India. She was the fifth woman to have contested the Presidential election.