NEET UG 2018 | Exam, Admit Card, Result - PaGaLGuY

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The exam pattern for NEET 2018 examination is mentioned below:

No. of Question: Total 180 questions will be asked in the exam.

Exam Mode: Exam will be conducted through offline mode (pen and paper based mode).

Type of Question: There will be objective type questions (four options with one correct answer).

Subjects: Questions will be asked from Physics, Chemistry & Biology (Zoology & Botany) subjects.

Exam Duration: The exam duration will be 3 hours.

Language: Question paper will be asked in 8 languages like English, Hindi, Tamil, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi and Telugu languages.

Marking Scheme: Four marks will be given for each correct answer (+4 Marks).

Negative Marking: One mark will be deducted for each wrong answer (-1 Mark).

Section No. of Question Marks

Chemistry 45 180

Physics 45 180

Zoology 45 180

Botany 45 180

Total 180 720

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NEET 2018 Admit Card Published!

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Poverty is the absolute lack of essential necessities such as property and money. There are those who are absolutely poor to the extent that they lack basic needs like food, shelter, clothing, and medical care. Poverty is associated with the lack of needs and materials that are considered necessary to have in the society. The world is full of poor people. About half of the world population is poor because they struggle to survive with less than $2.50 a day. Half of the population is about 3 billion people. In some countries, almost three quarters of the state is poor, which occurs mainly because of the political leadership styles employed by their government authorities. In highly poverty-stricken countries, people live below the poverty line and lack proper education, good clothing, social privileges, and exposure to the developing and developed world. The developed nations help the undeveloped ones by providing them with grants and reinforcement in terms of food and other necessities. There are areas where people die because of lack of food, which is essential for human life. These regions trigger researches about poverty in a bid to dig out significant information about poverty-stricken states and develop strategies to loosen the knot of poverty in these areas. This paper explicates poverty in its broad sense, analyzes its causes, effects, and the ways to overcome poverty.

Information from various researchers unveils that the gross domestic product of the heavily indebted poor countries (41 of them) with a total population of 567 million people is less than the wealth of the seven richest people in the world put together. This statistics shows that most of uneducated people are poorer than educated populaces. Most of them do not attend school while those who are lucky to attend, do not go beyond the second grade. The journey through school for the poor is characterized by school absenteeism due to the lack of school fees, food, and uniform among other reasons. Notably, the world spends more money on weapons and other unnecessary things than on provision of school education to poor children. Indeed, this is true because people in certain areas do not have the possibility to enroll their children in school. Instead, they prefer to leave them at home to help take care of the rest of the siblings as well as do other household chores. One out of two children in the world lives in abject poverty, which denies them the opportunity to enjoy their rights. Six hundred and forty children lack adequate shelter and food. In addition, about 400 million have no access to safe drinking water, and 270 million children lack access to essential health services. Based on statistics of reports gathered in 2003, 10.6 million children succumbed to poverty-related issues before the age of 5 years. This is an equivalent of about 29000 children every day.

Global income of five percent is accounted for by 40 percent of the world’s population. Three quarters of the world income are accounted for by 20% of the richest states. The poorest people are faced with weakness of the body; the increasing death rates among children of the poor are attributed to worsened general health and inadequate nutrition. More girls than boys in the developing world do not have equal opportunity to get education and other significant privileges due to societal considerations concerning boy and girl children. Most poverty-stricken areas in the world are regions in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. There are various strategies put in place in a bid to reduce death rates that occur due to poverty and its effects. Some of these strategies are the Millennium Development Goals for poverty eradication, which could end up not yielding the expected results by the year 2030.

There are various reasons that could be used to explain why some people live in abject poverty while others enjoy too many riches. Notably, some individuals are poor because of their family background. In such a case, the reason could be that the parents were poor, and thus they could not afford to give their children a good life to help them get out of poverty. Others are poor because of laziness as they do not want to work hard enough to get out of that situation. There are those that were rich before, but due to reasons such as clashes and political chaos, they were misplaced and lost all their wealth and property. They lost their property and wealth being left to live in temporary shelters in their own country. Most of these people have to rely on the government, which can help them with food, shelter, and clothing among other things in order to overcome the situation. Other causes of poverty include lack of employment, disability, and discrimination because of race, gender, and ethnicity. Employment of the poor is limited because they do not have skills and knowledge to be employed in various sectors of the economy, and hence, to earn a living. Nevertheless, there is high unemployment caused by various economic issues in different countries, thus making people continue to be dependent on others. The problem is that without work, there are limited ways of coming up with money and resources to support a family. The disabled are sometimes poor because they are denied work as some employers think they cannot become efficient workers. Additionally, discrimination makes people think that some groups of individuals are superior to others, while others languish in dens of inferiority complex. Therefore, due to discrimination, some people are denied opportunities to develop. Others, especially in the developing countries, are classified as poor due to the general low national income in their country of residence. Most poverty issues are associated with hunger. Hunger is the first consequence of poverty that is greatly analyzed because nobody can survive without food and water.

There are various effects of poverty. The first and the most obvious one is caused by the lack of enough food, which affects the health and general body strength of individuals. Many poor people lack enough food to sustain their well-being and survival. Some eat out of garbage tanks since that is the only source of life they have. On the other hand, others survive having one meal a day that is not balanced, but they only take it to be satisfied for a few hours. Consequently, many people die because of hunger and malnutrition. The most vulnerable populace is young children since they grow weak and some develop stunted. A large number of them die from illnesses like marasmus, kwashiorkor, and measles, caused by poor nutrition. Another effect of poverty is a general weak population that is inefficient and unproductive. A weak population cannot manage to work and meet the needs and expectations of the market because they do not have strength. Moreover, there is a great number of uneducated people in many different countries across the globe, which makes the world less literate. This means that most people from the poverty-stricken population do not have the relevant ideas, knowledge, and skills of how to develop their country to curb instances of poverty. Consequently, countries with a high level of the poor population remain backward because of minimal or negligible development. Poverty sometimes comes as a result of cultural practices and lifestyles.

There are areas in the world that believe in the traditional style of living where family members work together in farming and herding, and they see no need of education. These communities continue languishing in poverty because they are not ready to embrace any form of development in their lives. Poor people face a series of effects that are also characteristics of poverty. Poor sanitation is an effect of poverty, which results in poor health and illnesses from contamination and water issues. These diseases include dysentery, cholera, and others related to poor sanitation. Poor hygiene is also an effect of poverty, which causes health issues. The poor are discriminated against by the rest of the world. This makes them continue living in poverty and passing on this scarceness to the generations that follow.

Poverty leads to the poor development due to slums created to cater for the needs of these underprivileged people as far as shelter is concerned. Low income and the lack of resources deny children the opportunity to get a good education because they do not see the need of education. This is mostly caused by the unawareness of the importance of education to the society and the kind of change it can bring to them. Lack of health care as a result of poverty causes the population to grow weak and continue transmitting diseases amongst themselves. This leads to incredible spread of maladies causing increases in deaths of people living in the poverty-stricken areas.

To eradicate and reduce poverty, world economies have come up with a wide range of strategies. In some countries, education costs for the primary and high school have been subsidized in a bid to encourage parents to send their children to school. Such approach can ensure that the poor access basic education in order to find better ways of acquiring wealth. In addition, the industrial revolution in the developing world helps increase food and other goods to help support the poor and needy. The economies of these countries improve and grow to create opportunities for the population. However, the most common method is revealing the total income and revenue of people, especially of those who are wealthy and held public positions. Therefore, most developing nations have continued to struggle against poverty due to corruption. Furthermore, a study showed that those who live alone are more likely to be victims of both poverty and psychological matters. Additionally, diverting brain drain, increasing personal income, controlling the population by reducing overpopulation and income grants are also ways to reduce poverty.

In conclusion, poverty has always been a major problem in the world and will continue being with us due to various reasons and causes. Therefore, the world will be for a long time developing poverty reduction measures as some people still depend on others because of one reason or the other. Others rely on or condemn communism, which, according to the world history, makes economies poorer. It will take a very long time to completely eradicate poverty, which makes it important to have a well-educated population that can come up with the ideas of making money for survival. More my articles you'll find on  Most of all Iike writing about business and politics. 


How Has Social Media Made Teenagers Less Social?

Social media refers to all forms of websites and applications that normally enables users to create and share different content or rather to participate and make a contribution in the field of social networking. As such, social media forms electronic communication for micro blogging and social networking via the online community to create and share important information, ideas and other useful content to the rest of the users. Through the advancement of social media, important information can be channeled from one place to another at the right time provided an individual is a user. Social media offers a variety of individuals the platform to share their view and acquire other educative content. Therefore, this paper is critically going to cover all the aspects of social media as far as social standards of individuals are concerned. However recent statistics claims that social media has made most of the teenagers less social.

The most fascinating thing about the social media is its interactive nature. Most of the social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook are interactive in nature. They offer the user a chance to post his or her point of view and then wait for immediate feedback from the rest of the users. As such, most of the social media platforms prove to be educative in nature apart from the basic assumption that most of the individuals perceive that it is just a site for entertainment. Social media enables a majority of people to communicate and exchange view on different topics and at the same time offering them the best ever alternatives. Most of the people making good use of the social media are teenagers who tend to be acquainted with the modern technology and internet connections. The innovations in technology provide the current generation with various modes of expressing themselves and social media is one of them.

However, research has it that most of the people who tend to be so much into social media normally become less social in their lives in one way or another. There are very many claims that social media is deriving the attention of most of its users due to its addictive nature. Social media can also be addictive if overused and tends to capture the attention of most of the youths especially during their first encounter or rather experience with this type of media. Platforms like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter are so addictive due to their ability to display one’s profile in high graphics. At the same time, it offers all its users a place to make their comments and share with their friends. As such, most of the individual tend to be carried away by these social media platforms and forget or lack interest with the rest of the people around them.

Individuals who often rely on social media platforms normally to obtain most of the information, trending news, education content and online friends normally tend to be less social. They feel that most of their wants and needs are catered for and they seem to find solace in such platforms. The addictiveness of social platform that can also lead to other harmful effects to the users if used for long period. Their addictive nature normally exposes most of the users to psychological torture and other forms of negative effects to the body and health of the user like distorting their vision ability. Through the many networks expansions, crucial information spreads very fast depicting from the fact that most of the teenagers embrace a total public approach to most of the social media platforms within their range.

Some people argue that social media has turned most of the young people into robots through their addictive manner of use while relaying information from one point to the next one. It is evident that most of the youths spend maximum of their time on social media deviating the attention and call for other activities and influencing the way they interact with the rest of the community members. Most of the online users rely fully on their different platforms of social media to acquire almost every essential information trending around them like college life and celebrity gossips thus making them less social. From this point, it is evident that social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook make most of the people less social. Many youths choose not to go out with their friends and enjoy their time in unity as friends and family but to use the social sites as a replacement of their loved ones.

In addition, social media has killed the urge of people going out together to find out about the need of their lives. People currently find this in their computers with the contact or rather conversation with any person. Such motives kill the need of socializing and the need of proper communication with others. Overlying on the internet tends to cut all the social channels that people used to have: meeting each other and exchanging important issues concerning their daily lives. In the current generation, individuals no longer meet new people or approach them with situations, instead they reach their phones and switch to the many forms of social media to feel connected to their online friends without the need of actually being in conduct. As such, social media has made most of the individuals less social, because they easily connect to the online medias and share with their friends within the shortest period possible.

With the increasing overuse of social media, people no longer write letters to their friends or visit them personally, instead individuals just visit their friends’ profiles. Most of the people tend to remember important concerns about their friends just because Facebook has told them. For instance, people do not remember their families and friends birthdays, anniversaries and even wedding days; instead, they fully rely on social media to remind them of such important occasions in people’s lives. Nevertheless, it is not social media alone that tends to make people less social but also texting messages through their hand phones equally makes them less active and social. Therefore, most of the social media platforms are simply turning people from being social creatures to hermits. They entirely rely on their phones in almost all aspects of their lives even in making orders and deliveries .

In conclusion, the current generation expects more from technology and very little from each other. Social media proves to be a great and massive development of its own. In turn, technology makes it very easy and efficient to communicate with other and to keep in touch and at the same time makes it very difficult to have a one on one interaction with each other. Most of the online users find it hard to call people or rather to visit them at their workplaces of even at their homes and share with them regarding specific issues; instead, they just post messages to their timelines. As such, individuals fear the risk of spoiling relationships with their fellow human beings and choose to express themselves through social media thus killing the social aspect of life. Therefore, the digital word is killing live communication and making people less social through the various platforms of social media.

Melissa Thomas is a young author enthusiast who works at She likes experimenting with the style of presentation.

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