Critical Reasoning for CAT 2012

Hi Guys, :: CAT 2011 season is over… Lets start the preparation for CAT 2012 :: :: Here is link for CAT 2011 CR thread :http://www.pagalguy.com/forum/english-resources/64412-critical-reasoning-for-cat-2011-a.html

Hi Guys,
CAT 2011 season is over..
Lets start the preparation for CAT 2012

Here is link for CAT 2011 CR thread :http://www.pagalguy.com/discussions/critical-reasoning-for-cat-2011-25064412

Editorial: The Intercontinental Ba.nk should reallocate the voting shares ofits.members
in order to more effectively shape global economic policy. For example, China
comprises about 15 percent of the world's gross domestic product but has only a 3
percent voting share, whereas Belgium, with less than 1 percent of the global economy,
has a 2 percent share.

Which of the following ls an assumption upon which the editorial's authors depend
in suggesting a way to more effectively shape global economic policy?
(A) The United States has a larger voting share of the Intercontinental Bank than
does China or Belgium.
(B) The specific allocation of voting shares factors into the Intercontinental Bank's
effectiveness in shaping global economic policy.
(C) Only voting shares that are precisely proportional to each countty's contrlbution
to the global economy are appropriate for the Intercontinental Bank.
(D) The Intercontinental Bank is necessary to the maintenance of a prosperous
global economy.
(E) As one of the fastest growing economies, China should have a larger voting
share in the Intercontinental Bank.

Editorial: The Intercontinental Ba.nk should reallocate the voting shares ofits.members
in order to more effectively shape global economic policy. For example, China
comprises about 15 percent of the world's gross domestic product but has only a 3
percent voting share, whereas Belgium, with less than 1 percent of the global economy,
has a 2 percent share.

Which of the following ls an assumption upon which the editorial's authors depend
in suggesting a way to more effectively shape global economic policy?
(A) The United States has a larger voting share of the Intercontinental Bank than
does China or Belgium.
(B) The specific allocation of voting shares factors into the Intercontinental Bank's
effectiveness in shaping global economic policy.
(C) Only voting shares that are precisely proportional to each countty's contrlbution
to the global economy are appropriate for the Intercontinental Bank.
(D) The Intercontinental Bank is necessary to the maintenance of a prosperous
global economy.
(E) As one of the fastest growing economies, China should have a larger voting
share in the Intercontinental Bank.


Is it D ??
B is stated in the passage so ruled out..

1. For a local government to outlaw all strikes by its workers is a costly mistake, because all its labor disputes must then be settled by binding arbitration, without any negotiated public-sector labor settlements guiding the arbitrators. Strikes should be outlawed only for categories of public-sector workers for whose services no acceptable substitute exists.

The statements above best support which of the following conclusions?

(A) Where public-service workers are permitted to strike, contract negotiations with those workers are typically settled without a strike.
(B) Where strikes by all categories of public-sector workers are outlawed, no acceptable substitutes for the services provided by any of those workers are available.
(C) Binding arbitration tends to be more advantageous for public-service workers where it is the only available means of settling labor disputes with such workers.
(D) Most categories of public-sector workers have no counterparts in the private sector.
(E) A strike by workers in a local government is unlikely to be settled without help from an arbitrator.

1. For a local government to outlaw all strikes by its workers is a costly mistake......

The statements above best support which of the following conclusions?

(A) Where public-service workers are permitted to strike, contract negotiations with those workers are typically settled without a strike.


My take in bold
Editorial: The Intercontinental Ba.nk should reallocate the voting shares ofits.members
in order to more effectively shape global economic policy. For example, China
comprises about 15 percent of the world's gross domestic product but has only a 3
percent voting share, whereas Belgium, with less than 1 percent of the global economy,
has a 2 percent share.

k.


OA is B

Advertisement: According to a recent research study, daily use of Fresh Start, a new
toothpaste, reduces the risk of developing dental cavities by over 20 percent. In
addition, as a result of a new formula, the use of Fresh Start results in whiter,
healthier-looking teeth. Clearly, Fresh Start not only gives your teeth a beautiful
look but also provides the most reliable protection against dental cavities.
Which of the following is an assumption in the argument above?
(A) No other toothpaste provides more reliable protection against dental cavities.
(B) Fresh Start's formula does a better job of whitening teeth than do competitors'
formulas. .
(C) People are just as interested in having beautiful teeth as they are in having
healthy teeth.
(0) Fresh Start also prevents other dental disorders, such as gingivitis.
(E) Reliable protection against dental cavities, combined with excellent aesthetic
properties, is likely to make Fresh Start a popular toothpaste on the market.
OA is B

Advertisement: According to a recent research study, daily use of Fresh Start, a new...


Option B is mentioned in the passage, albeit without referring to a competitor in terms of whitening.....at the same time since the passage is an advertisement so option E makes some sense too.

Will go with B though
OA is B

Advertisement: According to a recent research study, daily use of Fresh Start, a new
toothpaste, reduces the risk of developing dental cavities by over 20 percent. In
addition, as a result of a new formula, the use of Fresh Start results in whiter,
healthier-looking teeth. Clearly, Fresh Start not only gives your teeth a beautiful
look but also provides the most reliable protection against dental cavities. hence (C) is the answer??
Which of the following is an assumption in the argument above?
(A) No other toothpaste provides more reliable protection against dental cavities.
(B) Fresh Start's formula does a better job of whitening teeth than do competitors'
formulas. .
(C) People are just as interested in having beautiful teeth as they are in having
healthy teeth.
(0) Fresh Start also prevents other dental disorders, such as gingivitis.
(E) Reliable protection against dental cavities, combined with excellent aesthetic
properties, is likely to make Fresh Start a popular toothpaste on the market.

Clearly, Fresh Start not only gives your teeth a beautiful
look but also provides the most reliable protection against dental cavities.
this line suggests that people care for both look and protection of their teeth.

Hi All,

Just wanted to share my approach to CR question hopes it helps you all :

read closely and pay strict attention to the modifiers used by the author. Even though you must read quickly, the test makers expect you to know exactly what was said, and they will include answer choices specifically designed to test whether you understood the details.

Primary Objective #1: Determine whether the stimulus contains an argument or if it is only a set of factual statements.

Primary Objective #2: If the stimulus contains an argument, identify the conclusion of the argument; determine if the argument is strong or weak.

Primary Objective #3: If the stimulus contains a fact set, examine each fact.

Primary Objective #4: Prephrase: after reading the question stem, take a moment to mentally formulate your answer to the question stem.

------

Primary Objective #4: Read closely and know precisely what the author said. Do not generalize!

Primary Objective #5: Carefully read and identify the question stem. Do not assume that certain words are automatically associated with certain question types.

Primary Objective #6: Prephrase: after reading the question stem, take a moment to mentally formulate your answer to the question stem.

Primary Objective #7: Always read each of the five answer choices.

Primary Objective #8: Separate the answer choices into Contenders and Losers. After you complete this process, review the Contenders and decide which answer is the correct one.

Primary Objective #9: If all five answer choices appear to be Losers, return to the stimulus and re-evaluate the argument.

OA is B

Advertisement: According to a recent research study, daily use of Fresh Start, a new
toothpaste, reduces the risk of developing dental cavities by over 20 percent. In


I will go with Option C.
OA is B

Advertisement: According to a recent research study, daily use of Fresh Start, a new
toothpaste, reduces the risk of developing dental cavities by over 20 percent. In
addition, as a result of a new formula, the use of Fresh Start results in whiter,
healthier-looking teeth. Clearly, Fresh Start not only gives your teeth a beautiful
look but also provides the most reliable protection against dental cavities.
Which of the following is an assumption in the argument above?
(A) No other toothpaste provides more reliable protection against dental cavities.
.


OA is A

2..Student Advisor: One of our exchange students faced multiple arguments with her parents
over the course of the past year. Not surprisingly, her grade point average (GPA)over the same
period showed a steep decline. This is just one example ofageneral troth: problematic family
relationships can cause significant academic difficulties for our students.
Which of the following is an assumption underlying the general truism claimed by the Student
Advisor?
(A) Last year, the exchange student reduced the amount of time spent on academic work,
resulting in a lower GPA.
(B) The decline in the GPAof the. exchange student was not the reason for the stu.dent's arguments
with her parents.
(C) School GPA is an accurate measure of a student's intellectual ability.
(D) If proper measures are not taken, the decline in thestudent's academic performance may
become ireversible..
(E) Fluctuations in academic performance are typical for many students,

2..Student Advisor: One of our exchange students faced multiple arguments with her...


E) Fluctuations in academic performance are typical for many students

2..Student Advisor: One of our exchange students faced multiple arguments with her parents
over the course of the past year. Not surprisingly, her grade point average


My take is option C.
OA is A

2..Student Advisor: One of our exchange students faced multiple arguments with her parents
over the course of the past year. Not surprisingly, her grade point average (GPA)over the same
period showed a steep decline. This is just one example ofageneral troth: problematic family
relationships can cause significant academic difficulties for our students.
Which of the following is an assumption underlying the general truism claimed by the Student
Advisor?
(A) Last year, the exchange student reduced the amount of time spent on academic work,
resulting in a lower GPA.
(B) The decline in the GPAof the. exchange student was not the reason for the stu.dent's arguments

with her parents.
(C) School GPA is an accurate measure of a student's intellectual ability.
(D) If proper measures are not taken, the decline in thestudent's academic performance may
become ireversible..
(E) Fluctuations in academic performance are typical for many students,


problematic family relationship is key words

my take is bold (option b)
Next Set

Children born to older dads score lower on average on a range of tests, including concentration, memory, reasoning and reading, while the kids of older mothers score higher than those of younger mothers. Thats according to a University of Queensland study, which analysed data on more than 30,000 Australian children taken at 8 months and again at 4 years and 7 years, respectively.
14 Which of the following conclusions is least supported by the above finding?
A Children born to older dads may have to pay a significant price- in intelligence.
B It is better for women to conceive at older ages.
C Older dads are financially well-established which ensures good nurturing of their children, leading to higher IQ.
D Younger women will give birth to dull children.


Question 15
All acts have consequences. Given this fact, we may wish to play it safe by never doing anything.
15 The speaker implies that
A we may prefer to live safely. B all acts have consequences.
C consequentially is not safe. D not doing anything is not an act

Question 16
The maximum time an athlete is able to continue climbing till exhaustion sets in, may be the only determinant of his/her performance. A new European study, the objective of which is to help trainers and climbers design training programmes for this type of sport, shows this to be the case.
Until now, performance indicators for climbing have been low body fat percentage and grip strength. Further, existing research was based on a comparison of amateur and expert climbers. Now, a new study carried out with 16 high level climbers reveals that the time an athlete takes to become exhausted is the only indicator of his/her performance.
16 From the passage it can be concluded that-
A the new approach of determining performance indicators is better than the previous one.
B the objective of this study is to help trainers and climbers design training programs with a higher difficulty level.
C the level of performance can be judged by the time taken by an athlete till he gets too tired.
D All of the above
Q 17.

Aristotle said that art represents general truths about human nature. Our city councilman is arguing in favour of the artistrya giant mural in front of a Jeep dealership, portraying a variety of four-wheel-drive vehicles. He cites Aristotles conception of art as his support.
17 The passage above raises which of the following questions?
A Can a city councilman understand Aristotle?
B Which general truths about human nature does a four-wheel-drive mural not represent?
C Could Aristotle have predicted a modern society filled with sophisticated machines?
D What general truth about human nature does a mural of four-wheel-drive vehicles represent?
Question 18
Consumers are not so easily manipulated as they are often painted. They may know what they want, and what they want may be greatly different from what other people believe they need.
18 Which of the following statements, if true, most weakens the above argument?
A Most people continue to buy the same brand of a product year after year.
B Companies that advertise the most sell the most products.
C Store shelves packed with a variety of different brands have the potential to confuse the consumer.
D Most consumers know which brand they are going to buy before entering a store.
Question 19
The department store owned by my competitor sells green necklaces that glow in the dark. Only those customers of mine wearing those necklaces must be giving business to the competition.
19 The conclusion could best be strengthened by
A deleting that glow in the dark.
B changing sells to has sold.
C changing the competition to my competitor.
D inserting only as the first word in sentence one.
Question 20
All race-car lovers enjoy classical music.
No backgammon players enjoy classical music.
All those who enjoy classical music also enjoy fine wine.
20 If each of the above statements is true, which of the following must also be true?
A Everyone who plays backgammon enjoys fine wine.
B No one who enjoys fine wine plays backgammon.
C No backgammon players are race-car lovers.
D No backgammon players enjoy fine wine.
Question 21
It has been proven that the lie detector can be fooled. If one is truly unaware that one is lying, when in fact one is, then the lie detector is worthless.
21 Without contradicting his or her own statements, the author might present which of the following arguments as a strong point in favour of the lie detector?
A The methodology used by investigative critics of the lie detector is itself highly flawed.
B Law-enforcement agencies have purchased too many detectors to abandon them now.
C Circumstantial evidence might be more useful in a criminal case than is personal testimony.
D The very threat of a lie-detector test has led a significant number of criminals to confess.
Question 23


In parts of the world where the life spans are short, forty may be regarded as an advanced age. People who live longer are believed to possess special powers. These elders are sometimes treated with a deference based on fear rather than love.



23The final statement in the passage is based on which of the following assumptions?

ADeference is normally accorded based on love.
BFew elders are treated with deference.
CPeople who live shorter lives have no special powers.
DPeople with special powers are not loved.
Next Set
Questions 14-23


Set is quite big, so just posting my ans. instead of quoting full stuff and wasting space.

14. c
15. D
16. D
17. C
18. A
19. D
20. D
21. A
23. D
Editorial: The Intercontinental Ba.nk should reallocate the voting shares ofits.members
in order to more effectively shape global economic policy. For example, China
comprises about 15 percent of the world's gross domestic product but has only a 3
percent voting share, whereas Belgium, with less than 1 percent of the global economy,
has a 2 percent share.

Which of the following ls an assumption upon which the editorial's authors depend
in suggesting a way to more effectively shape global economic policy?
(C) Only voting shares that are precisely proportional to each countty's contrlbution
to the global economy are appropriate for the Intercontinental Bank.



My ans. is C.
OA is A

2..Student Advisor: One of our exchange students faced multiple arguments with her parents
over the course of the past year. Not surprisingly, her grade point average (GPA)over the same
period showed a steep decline. This is just one example ofageneral troth: problematic family
relationships can cause significant academic difficulties for our students.
Which of the following is an assumption underlying the general truism claimed by the Student
Advisor?
(A) Last year, the exchange student reduced the amount of time spent on academic work,
resulting in a lower GPA.
(B) The decline in the GPAof the. exchange student was not the reason for the stu.dent's arguments
with her parents.
(C) School GPA is an accurate measure of a student's intellectual ability.
(D) If proper measures are not taken, the decline in thestudent's academic performance may
become ireversible..
(E) Fluctuations in academic performance are typical for many students,


OA is B

1)Samuel is obviously a bad fisherman. During the past season, in which he and the five members of his team spent four months on a boat together off Dutch Harbor, AK, he caught fewer fish than any of his teammates.
Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument above?

A) Two seasons ago, Samuel fished on another boat off Dutch Harbor and caught more fish than any other member of that boat.
B) Before becoming a fisherman, Samuel piloted a fishing boat whose members regularly caught record numbers of fish.
C) While fishing this past season, Samuel fell sick for a week and did not catch any fish during this time.
D) Unlike the other fishermen on his boat, at the order of the captain, Samuel fished this past season with experimental bait.
E) Amongst the fishing community in Dutch Harbor, Samuel has a reputation for being an especially bad fisherman.