[2013-2014] SNAP XAT IIFT GK THREAD

Friends the time is ripe now to discuss the various topics and questions related to the current affairs.It is one of the important section of the various Mba entrance exams.Last year even XAT included it.So,lets start the discussion over here.Frie…

Friends the time is ripe now to discuss the various topics and questions related to the current affairs.It is one of the important section of the various Mba entrance exams.Last year even XAT included it.So,lets start the discussion over here.Friends I do need ewr contributions to make it meaningful...
So, here I go


International Organisations--------


International Monetary Fund (IMF):
Headquarter: Washington D.C., USA
Managing Director: Christine Lagarde


World Bank:

Headquarter: Washington D.C., USA
President : Dr. Jim Yong Kim


World Trade Organization (WTO):
Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
Director-General: Pascal Lamy


Asian Development Bank:
Headquarter: Manila, Philippines
President: Haruhiko Kuroda


European Union (EU):
Headquarter: Brussels, Belgium
President of the European Council: Herman Van Rompuy


Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN):
Headquarter: Jakarta, Indonesia
Secretary-General: H.E. Le Luong Minh


South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC):
Headquarter: Kathmandu, Nepal
Chairman : H.E. Dr.Abdul Samad Abdullah

Secretary-General: Ahmed Saleem


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):
Headquarter: Paris, France
Secretary-General: José Ángel Gurría


United Nations (UN):
Headquarter: New York, USA
Secretary-General: Ban Ki-moon


World Wide Fund (WWF):

Headquarter: Washington D.C.

President: Yolanda Kakabadse


World Health Organisation (WHO):
Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
Director General: Dr. Margaret Chan


United Nations Children`s Fund (UNICEF):
Headquarter: New York, USA
Executive Director: Anthony Lake


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) :
Headquarter: Paris, France
Director General: Irina Bokova


Commonwealth of Nations:
Headquarter: London, UK
Head of Commonwealth: Queen Elizabeth II

Secretary-General: Kamalesh Sharma


International Cricket Council (ICC):
Headquarter: Dubai, UAE
President: Alan Isaac


International Olympic Committee (IOC):
headquarter: Lausanne, Switzerland
President: Jacques Rogge


International Federation of Association Football (FIFA ):
Headquarter: Zurich, Switzerland
President: Joseph S. Blatter


North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):

Headquarter: Brussels, Belgium
Secretary-General: Anders Fogh Rasmussen


International Court of Justice:
Headquarter: Hague, Netherlands
President: Judge Peter Tomka


International Labour Organization (ILO):
Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
Director General: Guy Ryder


Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO)
:
Headquarter: Rome, Italy

Director General: José Graziano da Silva


Amnesty International:

Headquarter: London, UK
Secretary General: Salil Shetty


International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC):

Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
President: Peter Maurer


Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
:
Headquarter: Vienna, Austria
Secretary General: H E Abdalla Salem El-Badri


International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL):

Headquarter: Lyon, France .
President: Mireille Balestrazzi.


Kindly, correct me if I am wrong.mg


1.Election Commissioner of India - V S Sampath
2.Attorney General - Goolam Essaji Vahanvati
3.Solicitor General - Mohan Parasaran
4.Chief Justice of India - Altamas Kabir
5.Central Vigilance Commissioner - Pradeep Kumar

6.Cabinet Secretary - Ajit Seth
7.Comptroller and Auditor General - Vinod Rai
8.Principal Secretary (PMO) - Pulok Chatterji

9.Director of CBI - Ranjit Sinha

10. Director of IB - Asif Ibrahim

Bombay Stock Exchange(BSE)
National Stock Exchange of India
(NSE)
Indian Commodity Exchange
(ICEX)
United Stock Exchange of India
(USE)
Multi Commodity Exchange
(MCX)
OTC Exchange of India
(OTCEI)
Inter-connected Stock Exchange of India
(ISE)
Madras Stock Exchange(MSE)
Coimbatore Stock Exchange
(CSX)
Ahmedabad Stock Exchange
(ASE)
Bhubaneswar Stock Exchange
(BhSE)
Cochin Stock Exchange
(CSE)
Hyderabad Stock Exchange
(HSE)
Calcutta Stock Exchange
(CSE)
Delhi Stock Exchange Association
(DSE)

Bangalore Stock Exchange
Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange
Jaipur Stock Exchange (JSE)
Magadh Stock Exchange Association
,Patna
UP Stock Exchange(UPSE)Vadodara Stock Exchange,Vadodara (VSE)

Vadodara Stock ExchangeVadodara (VSE)

Taglines :

Ashok Leyland - Engineering your Tomorrows
Audi - Vorsprung durch Technik - Progress through Technology
Bajaj Auto - Distinctly Ahead
BMW - Sheer Driving Pleasure
Bosch - Invented for Life
Bridgestone - Your Journey Our Passion
Castrol - It's Liquid Engineering
Ford - Go Further
Goodyear - One Revolution Ahead
Honda - The Power of Dreams
Maruti Suzuki - Way of Life
Michelin - A Better Way Forward
Mitsubishi - Drive @ Earth
Opel - Wir Leben Autos - We live for Cars
Renault - Drive the Change
Skoda - Simply Clever
Toyota - Quality Revolution
Volkswagen - Das Auto - The Car

Hope it helps...
Country Capital Currency

JULY GK


1. ON THE HOT SEAT Sujata Singh : India's next Foreign Secretary

Kevin Rudd : Australia's new Prime Minister

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al : New Emir of Qatar

P Sathasivam : Next CJI of India

Hasan Rouhani : 7th President of Iran

Mark Carney : New Governor of Bank of England

Rentala Chandrasekhar : New Chairman of National Technical Research Organisation ( NTRO)

T.C.A. Raghavan : New High Commissioner in Islamabad

S.K. Roy : New Chairman of LIC

Tomas Brunegard : New President of World Association of Newspapers and New Publishers

Krishna Chaudhary : New DG of National Disaster Response Force and Civil Defence ( NDRF&C;)



2. IMPORTANT DAYS/WEEKS

4 JUNE : International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression

5 JUNE : World Environment Day

8 JUNE : World Oceans Day

12 JUNE : World Day Against Child Labour

14 JUNE : World Blood Donor Day

15 JUNE : World Elder Abuse Awareness Day

17 JUNE : World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

19 JUNE : World Sickle Cell Day

20 JUNE : World Refugee Day

23 JUNE : United Nations Public Services Day

25 JUNE : Day of the Seafarer

26 JUNE : International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

29 JUNE : Statistics Day

1 JULY : National Doctors' Day



3. WORLD OF AWARDS

Women's Prize for Fiction 2013 : U S writer A. M. Homes won the Women's Prize for Fiction for "May We Be Forgiven" for the year 2013

ICMR Award : Upadhyayula Suryanarayana Murty, Chief Scientist and Head Biology Division of CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, has bagged the ICMR Prize for the year 2010



4. THE WORLD OF SPORTS

FORMULA ONE

BRITISH GRAND PRIX : Mercedes' Nico Rosberg claimed victory in a hugely dramatic British Grand Prix overshadowed by four major tyre failures and which witnessed a retirement of Sebestian Vettel. Canadian Grand Prix : Sebestian Vettel has won the Canadian Grand Prix in Montreal.

FOOTBALL

FIFA Confederations Cup 2013

INDIVIDUAL AWARDS

Golden Ball : Neymar (Brazil)

Golden Shoe : Fernando Torres (Spain)

Golden Glove : Julio Cesar ( Brazil)

Silver Ball : Andres Iniesta (Spain)

Silver Shoe : Fred (Brazil)

Bronze Ball : Paulinho ( Brazil)

Bronze Shoe : Neymar (Brazil)

FIFA Fair Play Trophy : Spain

MPORTANT SUMMITS HELD ON 2012-13


BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) Summits

•4th BRICS Summit 2012 – New Delhi, India

• 5th BRICS Summit 2013 – Durban, South Africa


G-8 Annual Summits Group of Eight (G8) Countries – France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada, Russia.

• 37th G8 Meeting 2011 – Deauville, France

• 38th G8 Meeting 2012 – David camp, USA

• 39th G8 Summit 2013 – County Fermanagh, UK

• 40th G8 Summit 2014 – Russia


G-20 Summits

• 7th G 20 Meeting 2012 – Los Cabos, Mexico

• 8th G 20 Meeting 2013 – Saint Petersburg, Russia

• 9thG 20 Meeting 2014 – Brisbane, Australia


SAARC Summits SAARC – South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

• 17th SAARC Summit 2011– Addu, Maldives

• 18th SAARC Summit 2013 – Kathmandu,Nepa


l ASEAN Summits ASEAN – Association of South East Asian Nation

• 19th ASEAN Summit 2011 (November) – Bali, Indonesia

• 20th ASEAN Summit 2012 (April) – Phnom penh, Cambodia

• 21th ASEAN Summit 2012 (November)– Phnom penh, Cambodia


ASEAN-India Summit

• 9th ASEAN-India Summit 2011 – Bali, Indonesia

• 10th ASEAN-India Summit 2012 – Phnom penh, CambodiaEast


Asia Summit (EAS) EAS meetings are held after annual ASEAN leaders' meetings

. • 6th East Asia Summit 2011 – Bali, Indonesia

• 7th East Asia Summit 2012 – Phnom penh, Cambodia



IBSA Summits IBSA Dialogue Forum - India, Brazil, South Africa.

• 5th IBSA Summit 2011 – Pretoria, South Africa

• 6th IBSA Summit 2013 – India



APEC Summits APEC – Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

• 23rd APEC summit 2011 – Honolulu, USA

• 24th APEC Summit 2012 – Vladivostok,Rus sia

• 25th APEC Summit 2013 – Medan/Jakarta, Indonesia

• 26th APEC Summit 2014 – China

• 27th APEC Summit 2015 – Philippines

• 28th APEC Summit 2016 – Lima, Peru



OPEC Seminars OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

• 4th OPEC International Seminar 2009 – Vienna, Austria

• 5th OPEC International Seminar 2012 – Vienna, Austria



NAM Summits NAM – Non-aligned Movement

• 16th NAM Summit 2012 – Tehran, Iran

• 17th NAM Summit 2015 – Caracas,Venezue la



SCO Meetings SCO – Shanghai Cooperation Organization

• SCO Meeting 2011 – Astana, Kazakhstan

• SCO Meeting 2012 – Beijing, China

• SCO Meeting 2013 – Kyrgyzstan NATO (North Atlantic treaty organization) international conference on Afghanistan will be held in Chicago (USA)



Asian Development Bank (ADB) Annual Meetings Annual meeting of the board of governors of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) held every year

• ADB Annual Meeting 2012 – Manila, Philippines

• ADB Annual Meeting 2013 – New Delhi, India



WTO Ministerial Conferences

• 8th WTO Ministerial Conferences 2011 – Geneva, Switzerland

• 9th WTO Ministerial Conferences 2013 (Expected) -Bali, Indonesia

Cricket:
ICC Twenty20 World Cup 2012 (Men's + Women's) : Sri Lanka

ICC Twenty20 World Cup 2014 (Men's + Women's) : Bangladesh

ICC Twenty20 World Cup 2016 (Men's + Women's) :India

ICC Men's 50-over World Cup 2015 : Australia+NewZealand

ICC Men's 50-over World Cup 2019 : England

ICC Women's 50-over World Cup 2013 : India


Football

FIFA World Cup 2014 : Brazil

FIFA World Cup 2018 : Russia

FIFA World Cup 2022 : Qatar


Olympics

Summer Olympics 2012 : London,UKWinter

Olympics 2014 : Sochi,RussiaSummer

Olympics 2016 : Rio De Janeiro, BrazilWinter

Olympics 2018 : Pyeongchang, South Korea


Important Booker Prize Awardees:(Important means all Indian winners and last 4 year's winners)


1997 India :

Arundhati roy had many questions in mind, many small questions, so she thought that root of all these questions is this world “Small”, so she went to god and asked: “Please tell me who is the god of small things”? God replied: “for that answer you will have to wait for 9 months, umm sorry 9 years” ...and god disappeared....she became disappointed and waited for 9 years.


After 9 yrs in 2006 she recalled that such an incident happened in past and indeed was a Great Inheritance loss to her, her desi neighbor Kiran Desai came to her to sympathize her and 2 years passed in sympathizing


So in 2008 came a person sitting on The white tiger – That was a robotic tiger run on AA batteries (AA- Aravind Adiga) , he asked everybody to immediately leave for UK as white tiger was going to eat everyone in India


People asked how to go to UK, AA said my tiger's friend- wolf , will drop you in a hall (Wolf Hall) where you'll meet a Mental patient who couldn't climb mount Everest (so the name Hillary Mental)



2009 onwards UK :

So in 2009, In Wolf Hall they met Hillary Mental, she informed them next year she is going to ask them a question , whose answer will be provided to them by her husband Jacob's son ( Jacob had a son on its own)


So in 2010 there was a Question - The Finkler Question whose answer was provided by Jacob's son while sitting on Howrah Bridge (so the name Howard Jacobson)


So in 2011 , after getting answer they went to Juli who worked in a Bar, and everyone there used to call her Julian Barnes. Juli said everything is going to finish in in 2012 so she had The Sense of an ending ...


So in 2012 , as per Juli's advice everything ended but mental patient Hilary (Hillary Mental) was still alive and kicking, seeing all destruction she ordered dead air- “dead air please Bring up the Bodies”, dead air said “sorry I am dead I cant do anything”


Black Revolution - Petroleum Production

Blue Revolution - Fish Production

Brown Revolution - Leather/non-conventional(India)/Cocoa production

Golden Fibre Revolution - Jute Production

Golden Revolution - Overall Horticulture development/Honey Production/Fruits and Vegetables

Green Revolution - Food grain (Cereals, Wheat &Leguminous; plant) production

Grey Revolution - Fertilizer Revolution

Pink Revolution - Onion production/Pharmaceutical (India)/Prawn production

Red Revolution - Meat & Tomato Production

Round Revolution - Potato Revolution

Silver Fiber Revolution - Cotton Revolution

Silver Revolution - Egg/Poultry Production

White Revolution - Milk/Dairy production (In India - Operation Flood)

Yellow Revoution - Oil Seeds production

Evergreen Revolution - Overall development of Agriculture

2001 - Year of Women Empowerment(Govt of India)

2002 -International Mountain Year

2003 -International Fresh Water year

2004 -International Year of Rice

2005 -International yeat of Microcredit International Year of Physics

2006 -International year of Desert and Desertification

2007 -Internation polar YeatYear of Dolphin

2008 -Year of Good Governance(for SAARC Countries)

2009 -International Year of Astronomy(UN)Internation Year of natural Fibres(FAO)

2010 - International Year of BiodiversityInternational Year of Youth

2011International Year of ForestInternational Year of Chemistry

2012 – International Year of Cooperatives

2012 – International Year of Sustainable Energy for Al

l2013 – International Year of Water Cooperation

2013 – International Year of Quinoa

2014 – International Year of Family Farming

2014 – International Year of Crystallography

Last Years GK material for IIFT from CareerLauncher.
it has 4 solved papers







Are kya yaar I need your help people...plz do contribute...here is a pdf that can help..
😃

Hi...has anybody registered for SNAP ?? I am not able to register...the page reloads after clicking on the link rolleyes.........anybody facing same issue ???

Q1. Who won the French Open 2013 Women's Singles?

Ans. Serena Williams

Note: She defeated No. 2 Maria Sharapova 6-4, 6-4 to secure her second French Open title. It was the 31-year-old American's 16th Grand Slam title win.

Q2. Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh was on four days visit to an Asian country recently. Name the country?

Ans. Japan.

Note: The Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, visited Japan from 27-30 May 2013 for the Annual Summit of the Prime Ministers.



Q3. Name the world's largest online retailer who in Month of June 2013 entered into Indian e-commerce market with the launch of its marketplace offering books, movies and television shows for sale?
Ans. Amazon.com. It will be called Amazon.in in India


Q4. World Environment Day was observed on 5 June 2013. What was the theme this year?

Ans. Think, Eat, Save Reduce Your Foodprint.

Note: It aims at an anti-food wastage and loss campaign to encourage people to reduce their foodprint. It also calls for more awareness about the environmental impact of the food choices people make and empowers them to make informed decisions. World Environment Day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.


Q5. In a landmark judgment on 3 June 2013, which commission held that political parties are answerable to citizens under the Right to Information Act (RTI Act)?

Ans. Central Information Commission (CIC).

Note: Present Chief Information Commissioner is Satyananda Mishra.


First Ladies to make us proud !

1) The first woman president of India -- Smt. Pratibha Patil

2) The first lady to become "Miss World" -- Rita Faria

3) The first woman judge in Supreme Court -- Mrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi

4) The first woman Ambassador -- Miss C.B. Muthamma

5) The first woman Governor of a State in free India -- Mrs. Sarojini Naidu (1925)

6) The first woman Prime Minister -- Mrs. Indira Gandhi

7) The first woman to climb Mount Everest -- Bachhendri Pal

8)The first woman to climb Mount Everest twice -- Santosh Yadav

9) The first woman President of the Indian National Congress -- Mrs. Annie Besant

10) The first woman chief justice of a High Court -- Mrs. Leela Seth

11) The first woman pilot in Indian Air Force --Harita Kaur Dayal

12) The first woman President of the United Nations General Assembly-- Mrs. Vijaya Laxmi Pandit

13) The first woman Chief Minister of an Indian State -- Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani

14) The first woman chairman of Union Public Service Commission -- Roze Millian Bethew

15) The first woman Director General of Police (DGP) -- Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya

16) The first woman Lieutenent General -- Puneeta Arora

17) The first woman Air Vice Marshal -- P. Bandopadhyaya

18) The first woman chairperson of Indian Airlines -- Sushma Chawla

19) The first woman I.P.S. Officer -- Mrs. Kiran Bedi

20) The first and the last Muslim woman ruler of Delhi -- Razia Sultan

21) The first woman to receive Ashoka Chakra -- Nirja Bhanot

22) The first woman to cross English Channel -- Aarti Saha 2

3) The first woman to receive Nobel Prize -- Mother Teresa

24) The first woman to receive Bharat Ratna -- Mrs. Indira Gandhi

25) The First woman to get Ashok Chakra -- Nirja Mishra

26) The first woman to receive Jnanpith Award -- Ashapurna Devi

27) First Indian woman to swim across the English Channel -- Miss Arati Saha (now Mrs. Arati Gupta)

28) First Indian woman to win WTA Title -- Sania Mirza

29) First Indian woman Airline Pilot -- Durga Banerjee

30) First Indian woman to win a Gold Medal in Asian Games -- Kamaljeet Sandhu

31) First Indian woman to win the Booker Prize -- Arundhati Roy

32) First Indian woman to go into space -- Kalpana Chawla

33) First Indian Woman Minister of Indian Railways -- Mamata banerjee

BOOKS/ AUTHORS

The End of the Story : Lydia Davis

Bharathipura : U.R. Ananthamurthy

Until the Dawn's Light : Aharon Appelfeld

Basti : Intizar Husain

Serve the People! : Yan Lianke

Seven Years : Peter Stamm

Kremlin Made of Sugar : Vladimir Sorokin

Home : Marilynne Robinson

April Fool's Day : Josip Novakovich

Three Strong Women : Marie NDiaye

Walking with Lions-Tales from a Diplomatic Past : K. Natwar Singh

Inferno : Dan Brown

How to get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia : Monsin Hamid

1. What is a Repo Rate?

A: Repo rate is the rate at which our banks borrow rupees from RBI. Whenever the banks have any shortage of funds they can borrow it from RBI. A reduction in the repo rate will help banks to get money at a cheaper rate. When the repo rate increases, borrowing from RBI becomes more expensive.


2. What is Reverse Repo Rate?

A: This is exact opposite of Repo rate. Reverse Repo rate is the rate at which Reserve Bank of India (RBI) borrows money from banks. RBI uses this tool when it feels there is too much money floating in the banking system. Banks are always happy to lend money to RBI since their money is in safe hands with a good interest. An increase in Reverse repo rate can cause the banks to transfer more funds to RBI due to this attractive interest rates.


3. What is CRR Rate?

A: Cash reserve Ratio (CRR) is the amount of funds that the banks have to keep with RBI. If RBI decides to increase the percent of this, the available amount with the banks comes down. RBI is using this method (increase of CRR rate), to drain out the excessive money from the banks.


4. What is SLR Rate?

A: SLR (Statutory Liquidity Ratio) is the amount a commercial bank needs to maintain in the form of cash, or gold or govt. approved securities (Bonds) before providing credit to its customers. SLR rate is determined and maintained by the RBI (Reserve Bank of India) in order to control the expansion of bank credit. SLR is determined as the percentage of total demand and percentage of time liabilities. Time Liabilities are the liabilities a commercial bank liable to pay to the customers on their anytime demand. SLR is used to control inflation and propel growth. Through SLR rate tuning the money supply in the system can be controlled efficiently.


5. What is Bank Rate?

A: Bank rate, also referred to as the discount rate, is the rate of interest which a central bank charges on the loans and advances that it extends to commercial banks and other financial intermediaries. Changes in the bank rate are often used by central banks to control the money supply.


6. What is Inflation?

A: Inflation is as an increase in the price of bunch of Goods and services that projects the Indian economy. An increase in inflation figures occurs when there is an increase in the average level of prices in Goods and services. Inflation happens when there are fewer Goods and more buyers; this will result in increase in the price of Goods, since there is more demand and less supply of the goods.


7. What is Deflation?

A: Deflation is the continuous decrease in prices of goods and services. Deflation occurs when the inflation rate becomes negative (below zero) and stays there for a longer period.


8. What is PLR?

A: The Prime Interest Rate is the interest rate charged by banks to their most creditworthy customers (usually the most prominent and stable business customers). The rate is almost always the same amongst major banks. Adjustments to the prime rate are made by banks at the same time; although, the prime rate does not adjust on any regular basis. The Prime Rate is usually adjusted at the same time and in correlation to the adjustments of the Fed Funds Rate. The rates reported below are based upon the prime rates on the first day of each respective month. Some banks use the name "Reference Rate" or "Base Lending Rate" to refer to their Prime Lending Rate.


9. What is Deposit Rate?

A: Interest Rates paid by a depository institution on the cash on deposit.


10. What is FII?

A: FII (Foreign Institutional Investor) used to denote an investor, mostly in the form of an institution. An institution established outside India, which proposes to invest in Indian market, in other words buying Indian stocks. FII's generally buy in large volumes which has an impact on the stock markets. Institutional Investors includes pension funds, mutual funds, Insurance Companies, Banks, etc.


11. What is FDI?

A: FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) occurs with the purchase of the physical assets or a significant amount of ownership (stock) of a company in another country in order to gain a measure of management control (Or) A foreign company having a stake in a Indian Company.


12. What is IPO?

A: IPO is Initial Public Offering. This is the first offering of shares to the general public from a company wishes to list on the stock exchanges.


13. What is Disinvestment?

A: The Selling of the government stake in public sector undertakings.


14. What is Fiscal Deficit?

A: It is the difference between the government's total receipts (excluding borrowings) and total expenditure .


15. What is GDP?

A: The Gross Domestic Product or GDP is a measure of all of the services and goods produced in a country over a specific period; classically a year.


16. What is GNP?

A: Gross National Product is measured as GDP plus income of residents from investments made abroad minus income earned by foreigners in domestic market.


17. What is National Income?

A: National Income is the money value of all goods and services produced in a country during the year.


18. What is Per Capita Income?

A: The national income of a country, or region, divided by its population. Per capita income is often used to measure a country's standard of living.

1. NABARD - National Bank for Agricultural & Rural Development

2. RTGS - Real Time Gross Settlement

3. NEFT - National Electronic Fund Transfer

4. NAV - Net Asset Value

5. NPA - Non Performing Asset

6. ASBA - Account Supported by Blocked Amount

7. BIFR - Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction

8. CAMELS - Capital Adequacy, Asset Quality, Management Earnings,Liquidity, Systems & Controls

9. BCSBI - Banking Codes & Standard Board of India

10. BIS – Bank for International Settlement

11. BCBS – Basel Committee on Banking Supervision

12. BOP - Balance of Payment

13. BOT - Balance of Trade

14. BPLR – Benchmark Prime Lending Rate

15. CCIL – Clearing Corporation of India Ltd.

16. CIBIL - Credit Information Bureau of India Ltd.

17. CRISIL - Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd.

18. CBLO - Collateralised Borrowing & Lending Obligation

19. CPI - Consumer Price Index

20. ADR – American Depository Receipts

21. GDR – Global Depository Receipts

22. ALM - Asset Liability Management

23. ARC – Asset Reconstruction Companies

24. FINO - Financial Inclusion Network Operation

25. CTT - Commodities Transaction Tax

26. CRM - Customer Relationship Management

27. KYC - Know Your Customer

28. SLR - Statutory Liquidity Ratio

29. CRR - Cash Reserve Ratio

30. MSF - Marginal Standing Facility

31. REPO - Repurchase Option

32. NBFC - Non Banking Finance Companies

33. OSMOS - Off-Site Monitoring & Surveillance

34. IFSC - Indian Financial System Code

35. BSE - Bombay Stock Exchange

36. NSE - National Stock Exchange

37. SWIFT - Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Tele communication

38. FSLRC – Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission

39. LAF – Liquidity Adjustment Facility

40. DRT – Debt Recovery Tribunals.