The 20th Livestock Census of India 2019 Highlights are as follows:
- The total Livestock population is 78 million in the country showing an increase of 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012
- Total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) is 79 Million in 2019 which shows an increase of about 1% over the previous census.
- The total number of cattle in the country in 2019 is 49 million showing an increase of 0.8 % over previous Census.
- The Female Cattle (Cows population) is 12 million, increased by 18.0% over the previous census (2012).
- The Exotic/Crossbred and Indigenous/Non-descript Cattle population in the country is 42 million and 142.11 million respectively.
- The Indigenous/Non-descript female cattle population has increased by 10% in 2019 as compared to previous census.
- The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle has increased by 9% in 2019 as compared to previous census.
- There is a decline of 6% in the total Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population over the previous census. However, the pace of decline of Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population during 2012-2019 is much lesser than as compared to the 2007-12 which was about 9%.
- The total buffaloes in the country is 85 million showing an increase of about 1.0% over previous Census.
- The total milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes is 34 million, an increase of 6.0 % over the previous census.
- The total sheep in the country is 26 million in 2019, increased by 14.1% over previous Census.
- The Goat population in the country in 2019 is 88 million showing an increase of 10.1% over the previous census.
- The total Pigs in the country is 06 Million in the current Census, declined by 12.03% over the previous Census.
- The other livestock including mithun, yak, horses, ponies, mule, donkeys, camel together contribute around 23% of the total livestock and their total count is 1.24 million.
- The total poultry in the country is 81 million in 2019, registered an increase of 16.8% in the total poultry.
- The total birds in the backyard poultry in the country is 07 million. The backyard poultry has increased by around 46% as compared to previous Census.
- The total Commercial Poultry in the country is 74 million in 2019, increased by 4.5% over previous Census
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HOW TO STUDY ESI & AGRICULTURE RURAL DEVELOPMENT SECTION OF NABARD 2020 EXAM?
Topics or sources you must prepare:
1.Economic Survey 2018-19
3.Social Economic Census 2011 Highlights
5.Important bills GST ,National Agriculture Market
6.loan waiver ,bank merger ,demonetization,GST ,
7.Role of NABARD in rural banking ,development ,agriculture development ,financial inclusion ,digital literacy E-Shakti.
8.NCERTs chapters of Agriculture
9 .Basic of agriculture terminology like viticulture etc ,
Govt schemes for Agriculture NFSM, Organic farming ,diversification,Irrigation ,related to animal husbandry and rural specific with Deen Dayal etc .
10. Role of NABARD in rural finance ,as nodal agency , as development institution from NABARD site .
11.You should have a good Geographical knowledge of States and Soils present in the country.
12.Go through Kurukshetra and Yojana Magazines. Focus on the Agriculture part in these Magazines.
13.Go through the Reports provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Rural Development and NABARD on their Website.
14.Also, the report provided by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is important.
15.Cover the Agricultural Census provided by Ministry of Agriculture.
16.Press Releases by Agriculture and Rural Department.Cover State of Forest Report provided Bi-annually by Ministry of Environment,
17.Forest and Climate Change.Prepare Current Affairs (Minimum Past 5 Months), Stats and Economic Survey.
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*Animal Husbandry & Dairy Science*
1 What is the mean of ration? *It is allowance feed given to animal for a period of 24 hours.* ✅
2 Roughages are the feed stuff which contains more than of crude fiber and less than of TDN.? *18% , 60%*✅
3 What should be the maximum concentration of crude fiber in poultry ration? *6 to 8%*✅
4 What should be the temperature of water present in an artificial vagina while collecting the semen? *45°C*✅
5 Dairy cow with “Very Good” grade scores points in judging score card ? *85-90*✅
6 Colostrum is given to:? *New born calves only*✅
7 Berseem contains __ of crude protein? *17-19%*
8 Back crossing means? *Mating of crossbred female to one of its pure breed parent*✅
9 Onion is which kind of crop? *Long day plant*✅
10 Scab or wart like lesions on featherless part of body such as comb and wattles is symptom of which of the following disease? *Fowl pox*✅
11 Nutrients which are required by plants in small quantity are referred as? *Micro nutrients*✅
12. 2 kg bran plus 1kg jaggary or molasses moistened with lukewarm water is given to? *Freshly calved cow or buffalo*✅
13 Milk secreting hormone oxytocin is secreted from? *Posterior pituitary gland*✅
14 Milk produced by which of the following method is more hygienic? *Machine milking*✅
15 Which is the oldest method for poultry keeping? *Free Range system*✅
16 Which is the best crop for hay making? *Green oat*✅
17 Which acid is used in the Gerber fat testing method? *Sulphuric acid*✅
18 Which part of ruminant stomach contains 100 folds from inside called as laminae? *Omasum*✅
19 Which of the following is not a productive roughage? *Green maize*✅
20 Which is not the part of male reproductive system? *Fallopian tubes*✅
TOPIC:AEROBIC RICE PRODUCTION FOR NABARD 2019 EXAM
Aerobic rice can be found in the following areas:
“Favorable uplands”: these are areas where the land is flat, and where rainfall with or without supplemental irrigation is sufficient to frequently bring the soil water content close to field capacity, and where farmers have access to external inputs such as fertilizers.
Fields on upper slopes or terraces in undulating, rainfed lowlands: quite often, soils in these areas are relatively coarse-textured and well-drained, so that ponding of water occurs only briefly or not at all during the growing season.
Water-short irrigated lowlands: these are areas where farmers do not have access to sufficient water anymore to keep rice fields flooded for a substantial period of time.
Suitable variety PMK (R) 3
Optimum plant population: 50 hills per m2 (20 x 10 cm)
The usual establishment method is dry direct seeding. Aerobic rice also allows practices of conservation agriculture as used in upland crops, such as mulching and minimum tillage. Ridges and furrows were suitable for Aerobic rice. Green manure intercrop in aerobic rice: Daincha intercropping and incorporation at 25 DAS
Pre emergence application of pendimethalin at 0.75 kg/ha followed by two hand weeding or mechanical weeding on 25 and 45 DAS
PE pendimethalin 1.0 kg ha-1 along with single tyne sweep weeding on 45 DAS which was comparable with PE along with hand weeding.
Fertilizer dose : 150 : 50 : 50 kg NPK/ha.
N in four splits: 20 % at 15 DAS, 30 % at tillering and PI and 20% at flowering or Nitrogen management at LCC value of 4
Basal application of ZnSO4 at 25 kg/ha and FeSO4 at 50 kg/ha is desirable wherever zinc and iron deficiency were noted (or) apply TNAU Rainfed rice MN mixture @12.5 kg/ha as EFYM at 1:10 ratio incubated for 30 days at friable moisture.
Need based foliar application of 0.5% ZnSO4 and 1% FeSO4 may be taken up at tillering and PI stages
Aerobic rice can be rainfed or irrigated. Irrigation can be applied through flash-flooding, furrow irrigation (or raised beds), or sprinklers. Unlike flooded rice, irrigation—when applied—is not used to flood the soil but to just bring the soil water content in the root zone up to field capacity.
IW/CPE ratio of 1.0 with 3 cm depth of water – total water requirement of 650 mm.
Surface drip fertigation:
Under aerobic rice conditions, schedule surface drip irrigation (with the lateral distance of 80 cm) at 125 % Open Pan Evaporation (PE) for clay soil / 150 % PE for sandy soil along with fertigation of 500 ml / ha of Azophosmet (composite biofertilizer) as seed treatment (@ 200 g / 10 kg seeds) and fertigation through drip system @ 500 ml / ha to be given during panicle initiation and flag leaf stages.
Sub-surface drip biogation:
Under aerobic rice conditions, schedule sub-surface drip fertigation (laterals concealed at 10 cm soil depth at a distance of 80 cm) scheduled at 125 % Open Pan Evaporation (PE) for clay soil / 150 % PE for sandy soil along with fertigation of Azophosmet as seed treatment @ 200 g 10 kg / seeds and fertigation @ 500 ml / ha and along with biogation of seaweed extract @ 500 ml / ha to be given during panicle initiation and flag leaf stages
Soil-borne pests and diseases such as nematodes, root aphids, and fungi are known to occur more in aerobic rice than in flooded rice, especially in the tropics. It is recommended to grow aerobic rice in rotation with upland crops suitable in the area.