COMPOSITE WATER MANAGEMENT INDEX 2.0 by NITI AAYOG
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As you are aware that approx 75% questions asked in ESI & ARD paper in Phase II of NABARD Grade and B exam were covered in our study materials.
80 % questions asked in ESI paper in Phase I of NABARD Grade and B exam were covered in our study materials.
70% Questions asked in ARD were also covered in our study materials.
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*Animal Husbandry & Dairy Science*
1 What is the mean of ration? *It is allowance feed given to animal for a period of 24 hours.* ✅
2 Roughages are the feed stuff which contains more than of crude fiber and less than of TDN.? *18% , 60%*✅
3 What should be the maximum concentration of crude fiber in poultry ration? *6 to 8%*✅
4 What should be the temperature of water present in an artificial vagina while collecting the semen? *45°C*✅
5 Dairy cow with “Very Good” grade scores points in judging score card ? *85-90*✅
6 Colostrum is given to:? *New born calves only*✅
7 Berseem contains __ of crude protein? *17-19%*
8 Back crossing means? *Mating of crossbred female to one of its pure breed parent*✅
9 Onion is which kind of crop? *Long day plant*✅
10 Scab or wart like lesions on featherless part of body such as comb and wattles is symptom of which of the following disease? *Fowl pox*✅
11 Nutrients which are required by plants in small quantity are referred as? *Micro nutrients*✅
12. 2 kg bran plus 1kg jaggary or molasses moistened with lukewarm water is given to? *Freshly calved cow or buffalo*✅
13 Milk secreting hormone oxytocin is secreted from? *Posterior pituitary gland*✅
14 Milk produced by which of the following method is more hygienic? *Machine milking*✅
15 Which is the oldest method for poultry keeping? *Free Range system*✅
16 Which is the best crop for hay making? *Green oat*✅
17 Which acid is used in the Gerber fat testing method? *Sulphuric acid*✅
18 Which part of ruminant stomach contains 100 folds from inside called as laminae? *Omasum*✅
19 Which of the following is not a productive roughage? *Green maize*✅
20 Which is not the part of male reproductive system? *Fallopian tubes*✅
TOPIC:AEROBIC RICE PRODUCTION FOR NABARD 2019 EXAM
Aerobic rice can be found in the following areas:
“Favorable uplands”: these are areas where the land is flat, and where rainfall with or without supplemental irrigation is sufficient to frequently bring the soil water content close to field capacity, and where farmers have access to external inputs such as fertilizers.
Fields on upper slopes or terraces in undulating, rainfed lowlands: quite often, soils in these areas are relatively coarse-textured and well-drained, so that ponding of water occurs only briefly or not at all during the growing season.
Water-short irrigated lowlands: these are areas where farmers do not have access to sufficient water anymore to keep rice fields flooded for a substantial period of time.
Suitable variety PMK (R) 3
Optimum plant population: 50 hills per m2 (20 x 10 cm)
The usual establishment method is dry direct seeding. Aerobic rice also allows practices of conservation agriculture as used in upland crops, such as mulching and minimum tillage. Ridges and furrows were suitable for Aerobic rice. Green manure intercrop in aerobic rice: Daincha intercropping and incorporation at 25 DAS
Pre emergence application of pendimethalin at 0.75 kg/ha followed by two hand weeding or mechanical weeding on 25 and 45 DAS
PE pendimethalin 1.0 kg ha-1 along with single tyne sweep weeding on 45 DAS which was comparable with PE along with hand weeding.
Fertilizer dose : 150 : 50 : 50 kg NPK/ha.
N in four splits: 20 % at 15 DAS, 30 % at tillering and PI and 20% at flowering or Nitrogen management at LCC value of 4
Basal application of ZnSO4 at 25 kg/ha and FeSO4 at 50 kg/ha is desirable wherever zinc and iron deficiency were noted (or) apply TNAU Rainfed rice MN mixture @12.5 kg/ha as EFYM at 1:10 ratio incubated for 30 days at friable moisture.
Need based foliar application of 0.5% ZnSO4 and 1% FeSO4 may be taken up at tillering and PI stages
Aerobic rice can be rainfed or irrigated. Irrigation can be applied through flash-flooding, furrow irrigation (or raised beds), or sprinklers. Unlike flooded rice, irrigation—when applied—is not used to flood the soil but to just bring the soil water content in the root zone up to field capacity.
IW/CPE ratio of 1.0 with 3 cm depth of water – total water requirement of 650 mm.
Surface drip fertigation:
Under aerobic rice conditions, schedule surface drip irrigation (with the lateral distance of 80 cm) at 125 % Open Pan Evaporation (PE) for clay soil / 150 % PE for sandy soil along with fertigation of 500 ml / ha of Azophosmet (composite biofertilizer) as seed treatment (@ 200 g / 10 kg seeds) and fertigation through drip system @ 500 ml / ha to be given during panicle initiation and flag leaf stages.
Sub-surface drip biogation:
Under aerobic rice conditions, schedule sub-surface drip fertigation (laterals concealed at 10 cm soil depth at a distance of 80 cm) scheduled at 125 % Open Pan Evaporation (PE) for clay soil / 150 % PE for sandy soil along with fertigation of Azophosmet as seed treatment @ 200 g 10 kg / seeds and fertigation @ 500 ml / ha and along with biogation of seaweed extract @ 500 ml / ha to be given during panicle initiation and flag leaf stages
Soil-borne pests and diseases such as nematodes, root aphids, and fungi are known to occur more in aerobic rice than in flooded rice, especially in the tropics. It is recommended to grow aerobic rice in rotation with upland crops suitable in the area.
Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana Maharashtra
The government of Maharashtra has launched the Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana (Atal Solar Krushi Pump Yojana). The aim of the scheme is to reduce losses due to non-payment of electricity and promote the usage of solar energy. The state has planned to install one lakh solar pumps across the state. The government aims to support farmers of remote areas where agriculture feeder is not possible.
Features of Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana
The government will provide two LED bulbs, a DC fan and a mobile charging socket as freebies to farmers.
It provides a subsidy of up to 95% on solar pump sets.
The farmers with land holding of less than five acres will have to pay 5% of cost of a 3HP solar pump. Whereas the farmers with land holding of more than five acres will be provided 5HP solar pump at Rs 30000
The implementing agency of the scheme is Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd.
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Kolleru Bird Santuary
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IMPORTANT ESSAY FOR NABARD GR A & B MAINS 2019 EXAM:
Role of IT in Agriculture:
In the framework of agriculture, impact of information technology can be evaluated broadly under two categories. First, Information technology as a tool for direct contribution to agricultural productivity and secondly, it is an indirect tool for empowering agriculturalists to take informed and quality decisions which will have positive impact on the agriculture and allied activities conducted. Precision agriculture which is popular in developed countries, broadly uses information technology to make direct contribution to agricultural efficiency.
The indirect advantages of information technology in empowering Indian farmer are significant and remains to be exploited. The Indian farmer instantly requires timely and reliable sources of information inputs for taking decisions. Currently, farmers depend on dropping down of decision inputs from conventional sources which are slow and unreliable. The changing environment faced by Indian farmers makes information not just useful, but necessary to stay competitive.
It is well recognized that E-Agriculture is a developing field focusing on the augmentation of agricultural and rural development through better information and communication processes. More precisely, e-Agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies in the rural area, with a primary focus on agriculture.
Information technology can aid Indian farmer to get significant information regarding agro-inputs, crop production technologies, agro processing, market support, agro-finance and management of farm agri-business. The agricultural extension tool is becoming dependent on Information technology to provide appropriate and location specific technologies for the farmers to provide timely and proficient advice to the farmers. Information technology can be a best means not only to develop agricultural extension but also to expand agriculture research and education system. Internet can bring revolution in agricultural education management through smart exposure of agricultural teachers and educational planners, class rooms, virtual class as well as dropout agricultural learners. For agricultural extension management, role of Information technology can be encouraged for future resource documentation, as methods of extension and linkage between research and extension.
Information technology in agricultural research management for textual and non-textual documentations and deciding prioritization of research areas needs to be reinforced. The crop forecasting, input management, command area management, watershed management, land and water resources development , drinking water potential mapping precision management, natural disaster management, fishery management , hill area development and post-harvest management are major areas, where Information Technology has vital role. There are some technologies helpful for farmers to enhance productivity. Numerous methods like the practises of remote sensing using satellite technologies, geographical information systems, and agronomy and soil sciences are used to increase the agricultural productivity
Can nabard pre be cracked if we study only the current affairs related to ard and esi and not any particular theory?