Effects of the slowdown in agriculture and allied activities on the Indian economy.
- Cascading effect of Sluggish agricultural growth: Real agricultural and allied gross value added (GVA) grew by 2.9% during 2011-12 to 2017-18. The National Agricultural Policy (2000) states that it should be 4% to attain an overall economic growth of 8%.
- Supply-demand mismatch: A highly skewed and unprecedented monsoon, erratic rainfall, and extreme natural events are creating havoc as far as farms and farmers are concerned which in turn are likely to disrupt supply chains, fuel inflation and have a negative impact on consumption, all of which can further dampen the prospects of revival of the economy.
- Delay in achieving India’s developmental obligation: The current growth rate in the farm sector is less than adequate to take on developmental challenges originating from the Sustainable Development Goals, mainly zero hunger, no poverty, life on land, and gender equality.
Hence any key reforms packages in improving the economy should also take cognizance of the crisis in the agricultural sector. Why agriculture is key to stimulate growth in the Economy
- Importance of agriculture in the Indian economy:
o The sector is a potential enabler and employer for more than 50% of the population. o It also has the potential to revive “animal spirits” by ensuring farm viability like increasing the ratio of farm to non-farm income to 70:30 by 2022-23 from the present 60:40.
- Deindustrialization 2.0:
o Creative destruction is underway from the decreasing growth rate, and that slowly fading reform to stimulate the traditional sectors is adding to unemployment and job loss. o There is an immense need to promote occupations that are less influenced by the slowdown such as farming, handloom, handicrafts, and others.
- Dwindling aggregate demand: As per the Economic Survey 2018-19, the working-age population will continue to rise through 2041. The rising population, interstate migration, volatile oil prices, and market-distorting reforms resulted in subdued demand.
Key Reforms in agriculture can invigorate the economy
- Investment of Rs 1 Crore in India can create only four formal jobs. There is an urgent need to increase the job-to-investment ratio which is currently very low especially in agriculture.
- In-situ employment creation is a must for a stable income and spending which in turn can reduce interstate
- There must be fast-lane options and swift actions to ensure curated reforms on land, market, price, and ameliorate supply-side constraint in order to achieve the target to double farmers’ income by 2022.
- Expedite the setting up of the Agricultural development council (ADC) on the lines of the GST council.
- Revisiting regional crop planning and the agro-climatic zone model at the highest possible level so as to make agriculture the engine of sustainable economic growth in India 2.0 by 2022.
This is the right time to execute a slew of doable agricultural reforms as the role of agriculture in reversing the slowdown is immense in the light of its nearly 20% contribution to a $5-trillion economy. The occasional dip in growth due to various reasons will slow the pace to achieving a $5-trillion economy by 2024. Therefore, a blend of efforts from a range of sectors, agriculture and allied sectors is warranted to enable overall growth.
AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT MOCK TEST FOR NABARD GRADE A
Objectives of 'Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme'
1.To promote setting up of new/modern dairy farms for clean milk production
2.To encourage rearing of heifer calf
3.To improve the quality & traditional technology to handle milk on commercial scale
4.To bring structural changes in the unorganized sector so that initial milk processing can be taken up at village level itself
5.To generate self-employment & provide infrastructure mainly for unorganized sector
FOR PREPARATORY NOTES VISIT
NABARD GRADE A and B FULL NOTES https://www.instamojo.com/ravikantprasad/nabard-grade-a-b-full-notes/?ref=Explore_tab
The 20th Livestock Census of India 2019 Highlights are as follows:
- The total Livestock population is 78 million in the country showing an increase of 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012
- Total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) is 79 Million in 2019 which shows an increase of about 1% over the previous census.
- The total number of cattle in the country in 2019 is 49 million showing an increase of 0.8 % over previous Census.
- The Female Cattle (Cows population) is 12 million, increased by 18.0% over the previous census (2012).
- The Exotic/Crossbred and Indigenous/Non-descript Cattle population in the country is 42 million and 142.11 million respectively.
- The Indigenous/Non-descript female cattle population has increased by 10% in 2019 as compared to previous census.
- The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle has increased by 9% in 2019 as compared to previous census.
- There is a decline of 6% in the total Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population over the previous census. However, the pace of decline of Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population during 2012-2019 is much lesser than as compared to the 2007-12 which was about 9%.
- The total buffaloes in the country is 85 million showing an increase of about 1.0% over previous Census.
- The total milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes is 34 million, an increase of 6.0 % over the previous census.
- The total sheep in the country is 26 million in 2019, increased by 14.1% over previous Census.
- The Goat population in the country in 2019 is 88 million showing an increase of 10.1% over the previous census.
- The total Pigs in the country is 06 Million in the current Census, declined by 12.03% over the previous Census.
- The other livestock including mithun, yak, horses, ponies, mule, donkeys, camel together contribute around 23% of the total livestock and their total count is 1.24 million.
- The total poultry in the country is 81 million in 2019, registered an increase of 16.8% in the total poultry.
- The total birds in the backyard poultry in the country is 07 million. The backyard poultry has increased by around 46% as compared to previous Census.
- The total Commercial Poultry in the country is 74 million in 2019, increased by 4.5% over previous Census
FREE RESOURCES AVAILABLE AT LINK BELOWwww.facebook.com/groups/nabard.gradea.b.prelims.mains.exam
HOW TO STUDY ESI & AGRICULTURE RURAL DEVELOPMENT SECTION OF NABARD 2020 EXAM?
Topics or sources you must prepare:
1.Economic Survey 2018-19
3.Social Economic Census 2011 Highlights
5.Important bills GST ,National Agriculture Market
6.loan waiver ,bank merger ,demonetization,GST ,
7.Role of NABARD in rural banking ,development ,agriculture development ,financial inclusion ,digital literacy E-Shakti.
8.NCERTs chapters of Agriculture
9 .Basic of agriculture terminology like viticulture etc ,
Govt schemes for Agriculture NFSM, Organic farming ,diversification,Irrigation ,related to animal husbandry and rural specific with Deen Dayal etc .
10. Role of NABARD in rural finance ,as nodal agency , as development institution from NABARD site .
11.You should have a good Geographical knowledge of States and Soils present in the country.
12.Go through Kurukshetra and Yojana Magazines. Focus on the Agriculture part in these Magazines.
13.Go through the Reports provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Rural Development and NABARD on their Website.
14.Also, the report provided by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is important.
15.Cover the Agricultural Census provided by Ministry of Agriculture.
16.Press Releases by Agriculture and Rural Department.Cover State of Forest Report provided Bi-annually by Ministry of Environment,
17.Forest and Climate Change.Prepare Current Affairs (Minimum Past 5 Months), Stats and Economic Survey.
♨️♨️National Dairy Plan♨️♨️
National Dairy Plan PhaseI(NDPI) is a Central Sector Scheme being implemented by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) through
End Implementing Agencies (EIA) for a period
of 2011-12 to 2018-19.
NDP I is a scientifically planned multi-state initiative with the following Project Development Objectives:
♨️To help increase productivity of milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly growing demand for milk.
♨️To help provide rural milk producers with greater access to the organised milk processing sector.
♨️Under it, the efforts to increase milk production through increase in productivity would need to be supported by expanding the setting up of village based milk procurement systems to collect milk in a fair and transparent manner and ensure timely payments.
♨️NDP-I is being implemented in the 18 major milk producing States of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Maharashtra,Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana (after bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh), Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Kerala constituting 90% of the milk production, having 87 per cent of breedable cattle and buffalo population and 98 per cent of the fodder resources.
NABARD GRADE A PREVIOUS YEAR PAPER OF ESI
Swachh Survekshan 2020 USEFUL FOR NABARD GR A 2020 EXAM
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has announced the results of the first (April-June) and second (July- September) quarters of Swachh Survekshan 2020.
Swachh Survekshan 2020 is the 5th edition of the annual urban cleanliness survey conducted by the Ministry.
Format/ Method of Assessment
Swachh Survekshan 2020 is evaluated for each quarter on the basis of monthly updation of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) online Management Information System (MIS) by cities along with citizen’s validation on the 12 service level progress indicators.
Swachh Survekshan 2020 has been conducted in 3 quarters:
April – June
July – September
October – December 2019
These quarterly assessments will hold 25% weightage in the annual survey which is scheduled to commence from 4th January 2020 across India.
Ranks for Swachh Survekshan 2020 have been assigned based on the population in two categories of the cities :
1 lakh and above with sub-categories of
10 lakhs and above.
Less than 1 lakh (under this category, the rankings are given zone and population-wise).
It includes five zones namely, North, East, Northeast, South and West.
Indore (Madhya Pradesh) and Jamshedpur (Jharkhand) have topped the cleanliness charts for two consecutive quarters among cities with over 10 lakh population and with 1 lakh to 10 lakh population respectively.
Kolkata ranked at the bottom of the ranking of 49 major cities across both quarters as West Bengal did not participate in the nationwide exercise.
Among cantonment boards, Tamil Nadu's St.Thomas Mount Cantt was ranked 1st in quarter 1 whereas Delhi Cantt ranked first in the 2nd quarter.
Secunderabad Cantonment Board in Hyderabad is the worst performer among other cantonment boards.