Any1 having material for ARD Nabard?
There are only four pure Indian breeds of chicken available.
- It is noted for its pugnacity, high stamina, majestic gait and dogged fighting qualities.
- The popular varieties of Aseel are, Peela (Golden red), Yakub (Black and red), Nuri (White), Kagar (Black), Chitta (Black and white spotted), Java (Black), Sabja (White and golden or black with yellow or silver), Teekar (brown) and Reza (light red).
- Pea comb, bright red wattle and ear lobes, long neck and strong legs
- It is also known as Malay.
- Dual-purpose bird.
- The popular varieties are buff, white, black, dark brown and grey.
- Pea comb, red ear lobes, over-hanging prominent eyebrows, feather-less shank
- The skin, beak, shanks, toes and soles of feet are slate-like in colour
- Comb, wattles and tongue are purple.
- Most of the internal organs show intense black colouration and varying degrees of black colour are seen in the skeletal muscles, tendons, nerves, brain etc. The black pigment is due to the deposition of melanin.
- Medium sized bird, deep bodied, light feathered and alert in nature.
- Poor layer.
- Wide variation in body colour
IMPORTANT TOPIC FOR NABARD GR A MAINS 2020 EXAM
♨️♨️National Dairy Plan♨️♨️
National Dairy Plan PhaseI(NDPI) is a Central Sector Scheme being implemented by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) through
End Implementing Agencies (EIA) for a period of 2011-12 to 2018-19.
NDP I is a scientifically planned multi-state initiative with the following Project Development
♨️To help increase productivity of milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly growing demand for milk.
♨️To help provide rural milk producers with greater access to the organised milk processing sector.
♨️Under it, the efforts to increase milk production through increase in productivity would need to be supported by expanding the setting up of village based milk procurement systems to collect milk in a fair and transparent manner and ensure timely payments.
♨️NDP-I is being implemented in the 18 major milk producing States of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Maharashtra,Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana (after bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh), Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Kerala constituting 90% of the milk production, having 87 per cent of breedable cattle and buffalo population and 98 per cent of the fodder resources.
Effects of the slowdown in agriculture and allied activities on the Indian economy.
- Cascading effect of Sluggish agricultural growth: Real agricultural and allied gross value added (GVA) grew by 2.9% during 2011-12 to 2017-18. The National Agricultural Policy (2000) states that it should be 4% to attain an overall economic growth of 8%.
- Supply-demand mismatch: A highly skewed and unprecedented monsoon, erratic rainfall, and extreme natural events are creating havoc as far as farms and farmers are concerned which in turn are likely to disrupt supply chains, fuel inflation and have a negative impact on consumption, all of which can further dampen the prospects of revival of the economy.
- Delay in achieving India’s developmental obligation: The current growth rate in the farm sector is less than adequate to take on developmental challenges originating from the Sustainable Development Goals, mainly zero hunger, no poverty, life on land, and gender equality.
Hence any key reforms packages in improving the economy should also take cognizance of the crisis in the agricultural sector. Why agriculture is key to stimulate growth in the Economy
- Importance of agriculture in the Indian economy:
o The sector is a potential enabler and employer for more than 50% of the population. o It also has the potential to revive “animal spirits” by ensuring farm viability like increasing the ratio of farm to non-farm income to 70:30 by 2022-23 from the present 60:40.
- Deindustrialization 2.0:
o Creative destruction is underway from the decreasing growth rate, and that slowly fading reform to stimulate the traditional sectors is adding to unemployment and job loss. o There is an immense need to promote occupations that are less influenced by the slowdown such as farming, handloom, handicrafts, and others.
- Dwindling aggregate demand: As per the Economic Survey 2018-19, the working-age population will continue to rise through 2041. The rising population, interstate migration, volatile oil prices, and market-distorting reforms resulted in subdued demand.
Key Reforms in agriculture can invigorate the economy
- Investment of Rs 1 Crore in India can create only four formal jobs. There is an urgent need to increase the job-to-investment ratio which is currently very low especially in agriculture.
- In-situ employment creation is a must for a stable income and spending which in turn can reduce interstate
- There must be fast-lane options and swift actions to ensure curated reforms on land, market, price, and ameliorate supply-side constraint in order to achieve the target to double farmers’ income by 2022.
- Expedite the setting up of the Agricultural development council (ADC) on the lines of the GST council.
- Revisiting regional crop planning and the agro-climatic zone model at the highest possible level so as to make agriculture the engine of sustainable economic growth in India 2.0 by 2022.
This is the right time to execute a slew of doable agricultural reforms as the role of agriculture in reversing the slowdown is immense in the light of its nearly 20% contribution to a $5-trillion economy. The occasional dip in growth due to various reasons will slow the pace to achieving a $5-trillion economy by 2024. Therefore, a blend of efforts from a range of sectors, agriculture and allied sectors is warranted to enable overall growth.
Only 30 days left for Nabard Grade A Prelims 2020. You should not waste precious time searching for material. I am sharing complete material with you. Click on the link and request access - https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1R-D10cbc06IPCxIEA0SfOxFn9N6HCzFP?usp=sharing
HOW TO STUDY ESI & AGRICULTURE RURAL DEVELOPMENT SECTION OF NABARD 2020 EXAM?
Topics or sources you must prepare:
1.Economic Survey 2018-19
3.Social Economic Census 2011 Highlights
5.Important bills GST ,National Agriculture Market
6.loan waiver ,bank merger ,demonetization,GST ,
7.Role of NABARD in rural banking ,development ,agriculture development ,financial inclusion ,digital literacy E-Shakti.
8.NCERTs chapters of Agriculture
9 .Basic of agriculture terminology like viticulture etc ,
Govt schemes for Agriculture NFSM, Organic farming ,diversification,Irrigation ,related to animal husbandry and rural specific with Deen Dayal etc .
10. Role of NABARD in rural finance ,as nodal agency , as development institution from NABARD site .
11.You should have a good Geographical knowledge of States and Soils present in the country.
12.Go through Kurukshetra and Yojana Magazines. Focus on the Agriculture part in these Magazines.
13.Go through the Reports provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Rural Development and NABARD on their Website.
14.Also, the report provided by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is important.
15.Cover the Agricultural Census provided by Ministry of Agriculture.
16.Press Releases by Agriculture and Rural Department.Cover State of Forest Report provided Bi-annually by Ministry of Environment,
17.Forest and Climate Change.Prepare Current Affairs (Minimum Past 5 Months), Stats and Economic Survey.