AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT MOCK TEST FOR NABARD GRADE A
Swachh Survekshan 2020 USEFUL FOR NABARD GR A 2020 EXAM
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has announced the results of the first (April-June) and second (July- September) quarters of Swachh Survekshan 2020.
Swachh Survekshan 2020 is the 5th edition of the annual urban cleanliness survey conducted by the Ministry.
Format/ Method of Assessment
Swachh Survekshan 2020 is evaluated for each quarter on the basis of monthly updation of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) online Management Information System (MIS) by cities along with citizen’s validation on the 12 service level progress indicators.
Swachh Survekshan 2020 has been conducted in 3 quarters:
April – June
July – September
October – December 2019
These quarterly assessments will hold 25% weightage in the annual survey which is scheduled to commence from 4th January 2020 across India.
Ranks for Swachh Survekshan 2020 have been assigned based on the population in two categories of the cities :
1 lakh and above with sub-categories of
10 lakhs and above.
Less than 1 lakh (under this category, the rankings are given zone and population-wise).
It includes five zones namely, North, East, Northeast, South and West.
Indore (Madhya Pradesh) and Jamshedpur (Jharkhand) have topped the cleanliness charts for two consecutive quarters among cities with over 10 lakh population and with 1 lakh to 10 lakh population respectively.
Kolkata ranked at the bottom of the ranking of 49 major cities across both quarters as West Bengal did not participate in the nationwide exercise.
Among cantonment boards, Tamil Nadu's St.Thomas Mount Cantt was ranked 1st in quarter 1 whereas Delhi Cantt ranked first in the 2nd quarter.
Secunderabad Cantonment Board in Hyderabad is the worst performer among other cantonment boards.
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VERY IMPORTANT ESSAY: Role of IT in Agriculture:
In the framework of agriculture, impact of information technology can be evaluated broadly under two categories. First, Information technology as a tool for direct contribution to agricultural productivity and secondly, it is an indirect tool for empowering agriculturalists to take informed and quality decisions which will have positive impact on the agriculture and allied activities conducted. Precision agriculture which is popular in developed countries, broadly uses information technology to make direct contribution to agricultural efficiency.The indirect advantages of information technology in empowering Indian farmer are significant and remains to be exploited. The Indian farmer instantly requires timely and reliable sources of information inputs for taking decisions. Currently, farmers depend on dropping down of decision inputs from conventional sources which are slow and unreliable. The changing environment faced by Indian farmers makes information not just useful, but necessary to stay competitive.It is well recognized that E-Agriculture is a developing field focusing on the augmentation of agricultural and rural development through better information and communication processes. More precisely, e-Agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies in the rural area, with a primary focus on agriculture.Information technology can aid Indian farmer to get significant information regarding agro-inputs, crop production technologies, agro processing, market support, agro-finance and management of farm agri-business. The agricultural extension tool is becoming dependent on Information technology to provide appropriate and location specific technologies for the farmers to provide timely and proficient advice to the farmers. Information technology can be a best means not only to develop agricultural extension but also to expand agriculture research and education system. Internet can bring revolution in agricultural education management through smart exposure of agricultural teachers and educational planners, class rooms, virtual class as well as dropout agricultural learners. For agricultural extension management, role of Information technology can be encouraged for future resource documentation, as methods of extension and linkage between research and extension.Information technology in agricultural research management for textual and non-textual documentations and deciding prioritization of research areas needs to be reinforced. The crop forecasting, input management, command area management, watershed management, land and water resources development , drinking water potential mapping precision management, natural disaster management, fishery management , hill area development and post-harvest management are major areas, where Information Technology has vital role. There are some technologies helpful for farmers to enhance productivity. Numerous methods like the practises of remote sensing using satellite technologies, geographical information systems, and agronomy and soil sciences are used to increase the agricultural productivity:
Key Highlights of Indian Budget 2019-20 for Agriculture and Allied Sectors:
• For the welfare of farmers and for doubling their income, historic decision was taken to increase MSP by 1.5 times the production cost for all 22 crops -as per the Finance Minister
• To provide assured income support for small and marginal farmers, Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme has been approved. Farmers owning upto 2 hectares to get Rs 6,000 per year in 3 instalments. The program will be effective December 1, 2018, and the money will be directly transferred into their account. Expect spend of Rs 75.000 crore on this scheme. About 12 crore farmers will benefit from it.
• Have increased allocation for Rashtriya Gokul Mission scheme to Rs 750 crore for protection of cows
• Rs 20,000 crore to be spent on PM Kisan Scheme in FY19. Join agriculture exams library
• Instead of rescheduling of crop loans, those farmers severely affected by natural calamities will get 2% interest subvention and additional 3% interest subvention upon timely repayment.
• 2% interest subvention to farmers pursuing animal husbandry and fisheries
•More than 7,000 beneficiaries of PM Mudra Yojana are women. 15.56 crore loans of 7.23 lakh crore disbursed under MUDRA Yojana.
• In the last 5 years under all categories of workers, minimum wages increased by 42% which is the highest ever.
• 34 crore Jan Dhan Yojana accounts opened in last five years..
Agriculture,Productions and Agricultural statistics
📌 Total agricultural land in the world --7.5%
• Total agricultural based population in the world is --54%
• Highest agricultural based population country - malavi ( AFRICA)-- 92%
• LOWEST agricultural based population country -- UK -- 6%
• India agricultrual population -- 64%
• India agriculture contributes almost 4% of gdp
• Total agricultural land -- out of 100% -- food crops --74% , cash crops --26%