How can we make sure that acollege is AICTE recognized and PGDM courses offered in the college are equivalent to MBA?
What is the difference between PGDM and MBA or why should I choose PGDM over MBA? This question strikes most of the aspiring students of Management. Hence while choosing a B School we some time tend to overlook the benefits of PGDM. Making the right choice or to increase the awareness,
PGDM or MBA, dilemma continues
B-schools have created more confusion for students claiming tall achievements, writes R. RAVIKANTH REDDY
Where to go? Many students are confused about opting for a management degree or pursuing a diploma.
Graduates are searching for the best pathway to reach their goal and it's the time for the institutions to lure them towards management courses. And as the entrance season approaches the dilemma for the management aspirants continues – its MBA or PGDM? The confusion is further enhanced by the numerous business schools that have sprung up claiming tall achievements and the expanding MBA colleges in the university system.
What's the difference, qualitatively as well as in terms of recognition? A Masters in Business Administration (MBA) is a degree course offered by the colleges affiliated to the universities while the Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) is a diploma course offered by the institutes that are recognised by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). Even the prestigious IIMs offer PGDM and not MBA as they are not part of any university.
Colleges offering the MBA course have to follow an academic curriculum prescribed by the University while the PGDM institutes like the XLRI, IPE, IIFT, SP Jain, NMIMS at the national level and Siva Sivani and Dhruva at the state level have the flexibility to design their own courses within the parameters prescribed by the AICTE. They can change the syllabi and introduce new courses depending on the market demands while the MBA colleges have to strictly follow their respective University's curriculum.
Which is the best? Well, teachers say the course value depends on the institutes than the degree it self. An MBA from a Central University or an established management department in the State University definitely has an advantage given its experienced faculty and infrastructure. At the same time, a PGDM from institutes like ISB, IPE, XLRI or such top institutes has a brand value and are readily accepted by the industry.
“An MBA is for those who seek a university programme to get a holistic view of the programme while the PGDM is for those who seek specialisation in the area of their interest,” feels V. Venkataramana, Dean, School of Management Studies, University of Hyderabad.“Top varsity colleges are trusted as they have experienced faculty and established curriculum while PGDM has an element of flexibility as the institutes are independent, but they have to be chosen carefully.”
“As far as industry is concerned they recognise talent from the institutes of repute than bothering whether it's an MBA or PGDM,” says B. Srinivasa Rao, Associate Professor at OU College of Commerce and Business Management. Content wise there is not much difference but MBA will not have recognition problems for those going abroad while PGDM students have to be doubly sure of taking the equivalence certificates.
Earlier, a PGDM was not recognised for higher studies like M.Phil or Ph.D that seek a degree as a pre-requisite. But now PGDM certificates of some top institutes are also being considered equivalent to MBA for higher studies.
For example, the PGDM offered by Siva Sivani Institute of Management is recognised by the Association of Indian Universities for higher studies. “Such facility is not extended to all institutes and students should verify if they plan to join PGDM but are also interested in higher education,” Dr. Rao says.
But the teachers believe that MBA is not an end in itself but a means. As senior management professor of OU, A. Vidhyadhar Reddy explains, an MBA degree helps students develop skills in various spheres like finance, operations, economics, teamwork, ethics and leadership. He says one should use the programme to develop network with alumni, business and community leaders that help in career growth.
While choosing the institution, teachers' advice that, aspirants should look for the brand of the business school. The brand signifies its established practices that provide better learning environment for personal growth and its networking help students reach its alumni and industry easily. A powerful brand is a tag that can be carried throughout the career.
But Prof. Reddy says some PGDM institutes are exploiting parents with attractive ratings given by different agencies. Not many are maintaining the minimum faculty-student ratio of 1:15 and subscribing to the mandatory 10 national and 10 international journals for every programme.
Moreover, the faculty is hardly trained and they should be encouraged to publish articles. He feels they are charging huge sums while university colleges are able to deliver quality with much less fee.
What is the difference between PGDM & MBA?
A) Listed are the differences
- “MBA originated in United States in early, emerging from the late 19th century as US industrialized and companies sought out specific approaches to management. Since then it has come along way but some how in India (barring a few) MBA programs could not leave a mark. The main reason for that is not being industry focused, adopting new pedagogies (case study pattern of teaching etc), enforcing the students to do live cases/projects in the industry and the change adoption rate is very slow (being a university system). PGDM is a unique program which has its foundation on autonomy and is tailor made to meet the industry requirement, laying more stress on student's practical development”
- PGDM programs Granted by the institution are recognized by AICTE (All India council for Technical Education) Government of India through Ministry of HRD and MBA is university program, usually affiliated to technical university of the respective state
- PGDM is industry specific keeping in view of future projections made by industry, MBA is are university run hence changes are difficult
- for pursuing further studies like PhD, Association of Indian universities (AIU) and AICTE issues equivalence certificate for PGDM programs. More over Quality standards can be acquired by institutes like NAAC and NBA accreditations.
- PGDM programs are offered to student through the CAT/MAT/GMAT entrance examination and MBA are offered through state level university Examination
Why should a student prefer PGDM over MBA?
PGDM is more relevant for students as it is focused on Industry needs. It has flexible modules which changes as per the industry requirement. MBA on the other hand is somewhat rigid and changes are not possible in short notice. PGDM provides flexibility in pedagogical systems, teaching-learning process, etc apart from being recognized by Govt. of India and world wide. Students can work in public/private sector units. Student learn and experience real case studies in their course as well as go for a live training in the industry. That is the reason why most of the Top notch institution of India (like IIMs, XLRI, IMT, MDI etc ) provides PGDM/PGPM programs rather than MBA
Why changes in the syllabus in PGDM easy?
PGDM is industry specific; hence the changes are imperative as Industry is dynamic. Policies and regulation by government changes the course of the business game. Hence a quick module change to suit the education is important for student to have view on new dimensions of the industry. With very few hierarchies, courses are quickly changed in PGDM courses, however for MBA a change in course need approval from a list of governing people and hence become tough for any amendments.
What is your word of caution for aspiring students?
Please take entrance examination like CAT/MAT/GMAT and while choosing a college make sure the college is AICTE recognized and PGDM courses offered are equivalent to MBA. Do not fall for the notion of MBA being a degree and PGDM as a diploma program, as both are equivalent if proper affiliations and approvals are there. At the end what you learn from the college matters and its application that helps you succeed. PGDM is an industry endorsed course and widely accepted not only in India but abroad as well.
At IMS, during the last 21 years of our existence, a lot of alumni have passed out and they are very well placed not only in private / public / Govt. sector and many of them are working abroad. Few have taken up entrepreneurship and are running their business successfully while some have gone for higher studies as well. So, a lot of opportunities exist for students after pursuing PGDM programs (with dual specialization) from IMS Ghaziabad.
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IMS Communications team