Learn Words with the help of Word Clusters
What are Word Clusters?
Word clusters are groups of words based on a common theme. The easiest way to build a cluster is by collecting synonyms for a particular word. The group of synonyms becomes a cluster which has one common meaning and for that one meaning, you have effectively learnt multiple words.
What is the benefit of such an approach?
The benefit of such an approach is: you get to learn group of words with the help of a single meaning. In the language of sets, for one meaning entered into the storage area of your brain, you learn multiple words. This can be labeled as effective usage of memory and that is what we require, don’t we? Also, the multiplicity of learning carries the bigger benefit of rapidly escalating your learning speed. You can learn a vast number of words in a very quick time.
Let’s practice the skill of making clusters:
In this series of articles, we explore two clusters in every article. The two clusters will combine to teach you 10 to 12 words. The theme of the cluster is based on the common meaning for the words. The individual meanings of the distinct words in the cluster are also provided (with every cluster).
Cluster 1: Words related to the sentiment of confusion
In this group we deal with words that are related to sentiment of confusion. These words help describe the different types of confusion people can suffer from.
You can go through the words here:
- Discombobulate: Cause to be confused emotionally.
- Addle: Mix up or confuse.
- Befuddle: Be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly.
- Dumbfound: Be a mystery or bewildering to.
- Fuddle: A confused multitude of things.
- Baffle: Be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly.
Cluster 2: Words used for people who are too critical and caustic in their approach
In this cluster, explore words used for people who are too critical and caustic in their approach. All the words in this cluster have a negative connotation.
Go through the words here:
- Acrid: Scornful and scathing behavior.
- Astringent: Bitter cutting, sharp.
- Churlish: Having a bad disposition; surly.
- Scathing: Marked by harshly abusive criticism.
- Biting: Capable of wounding.
- Caustic: Harsh or corrosive in tone.
The two clusters above showcase how the method of cluster formation can be used for expanding your word-power. Use this method and your vocabulary database will surely grow exponentially.
Topic: Climate change- a desperate guessing game
Industrialization is the social and economic transformation of human society from agrarian to industrial. By far, the biggest negative effect of industrialization is on the environment. Pollution is the most common by-product of industrialization. However, the degradation of ecological systems, global warming, greenhouse gas emissions, and the adverse effect on human health have garnered widespread concern. Because many industrialized companies are often not forced to pay damages for the environmental harm they cause, they tend to impose a major negative externality on human society in the form of deforestation, extinction of species, widespread pollution, and excessive waste. Climate change is the most significant challenge to achieving sustainable development, and it threatens to drag millions of people into grinding poverty. At the same time, we have never had better know-how and solutions available to avert the crisis and create opportunities for a better life for people all over the world .Climate change is not just a long-term issue. It is happening today, and it entails uncertainties for policy makers trying to shape the future.
Policy makers all over the world are facing similar challenges. While we certainly know that the climate will change, there is great uncertainty as to what the local or regional impacts will be and what will be the impacts on societies and economies. Coupled with this is often great disagreement among policy makers about underlying assumptions and priorities for action. Many decisions to be made today have long-term consequences and are sensitive to climate conditions – water, energy, agriculture, fisheries and forests, and disasters risk management. We simply can’t afford to get it wrong.
Fresh fears of accelerating damage to the planet’s ice sheets and sea level rise have been fuelled by confirmation from the UN’s weather agency that the Antarctic likely saw a new temperature record of more than 18°C on Thursday. The WMO experts are expected to examine the meteorological conditions surrounding the event, particularly whether it is associated with a weather phenomenon known as "foehn". A common feature of life in Alpine regions, episodes of foehn often involve high winds at altitude and the rapid warming of air as it heads down slopes or peaks, driven by significant air pressure differences. In a key report last September from the highly respected UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), researchers warned that hundreds of millions of people are at risk from melting ice in the planet’s Polar Regions, linked to sea level rise.
To exemplify more a previously unknown strain of corona virus has dominated headlines in recent weeks, and alarmed public health officials with its rapid spread and virulent nature. The Wuhan virus is a global health emergency and not yet an official pandemic. It has global economic consequences that are becoming clear every passing day. Hyundai’s car plant in South Korea cannot produce cars for want of parts to come from China. India faces a shortage of active pharmaceutical ingredients, which are mostly imported from China. The world faces a shortage of face masks. Oil prices have been pushed down by the prospect of a slump in the wake of the viral outbreak. But it’s really no surprise to the scientists who study infectious disease: it’s just one of several pathogens that have the potential to reach calamitous status. For decades, scientists have recognized that climate change would lead to a range of public health consequences.
The situation is dire. Climate change has become a climate crisis. And it's people living in poverty who have the most to lose. For those on the frontlines of the crisis, the struggle to earn a living, feed their families and create safe and stable homes is made more difficult every day. The climate crisis discriminates, but the efforts to fight it cannot. And though the work to protect the global environment is essential, so are efforts to protect people around the world. Solutions that help vulnerable communities are often overlooked.
We know more today than we did in our past, but there’s still a lot we don’t know. When Arctic permafrost melts, what pathogens that have been buried for millennia will be released into the atmosphere—and can we combat them? What will the loss of entire communities, countries and ways of life do to the human psyche? How far will disease-carrying mosquitoes currently isolated to the tropics roam as their range shifts? Humanity has been adapting to all kinds of conditions, especially climatic conditions, for millennia and has done so with relative success so far. Human societies will continue to do so in response to potential adverse impacts of climate change as well. However, the level of such adverse impacts can be reduced considerably by pro-active or planned adaptation.
Sumit Sethi was tired and dejected. His company's reputation and profits were at stake. Sumit had believed Gopal to be a promising employee; so he had recently promoted him to the top position in operations but Gopal's apathetic behaviour had now resulted in a major crisis for Reliable Couriers.
Sumit was a bright student, topping his class in school. He always wanted to start his own business but unfortunately his father passed away in his last year of commerce graduation and Sumit was held back by family responsibilities. After his graduation he started his career as a Marketing Executive in a well known logistics company. His hard work, dedication and people skills led to quick promotions and within four years he rose to the position of Regional Manager. In the meantime he had taken good care of his family - his younger brother was now in a good engineering college and his only sister married and settled. Two years ago he saw a good business opportunity in courier services and started Reliable Courier. Besides Nationwide wide delivery services, Reliable Courier had same day intracity delivery services through bike messengers and scheduled pickup and delivery services for major clients. Sumit had recruited Gopal Verma a fresh graduate from a low income family, as his assistant to manage routine office work. Sumit found Gopal hardworking and enthusiastic, showing keen interest in learning other aspects of the business.
Sumit's business strategy was focused on institutional business and he impressed his corporate clients by excellent services. Reliable's core strength was its streamlined operations - the key person behind this was dynamic Chief Operations Manager Vineet Seth. Reliable had now become a well known player in Courier services and had grown from a staff of twenty to three hundred. All the old employees were rewarded with promotions and Gopal was made the Assistant Operations Manager. Last month Reliable had won a major contract of servicing 500 branches of Indian National Bank (INB). This was a critical project. It would double Reliable's profit this year and if serviced well could lead to similar contracts with other major banks. Things were moving satisfactorily but just then a personal urgency required Vineet Seth to move to Australia and so he resigned. This came at a time when Sumit was extremely busy planning a new premium service called Next Flight Out which could be a first in India for achieving same day deliveries across India for important packages. Sumit was continuously travelling to meet and workout collaboration with a few airlines. Sumit promoted Gopal as Chief Operations Manager with a good raise and perks-Gopal had already worked as Assistant Manager Operations; Sumit also thought that instead of selecting an outside candidate for the top operations post, selecting Gopal would enthuse other employees as it supported the scope for good performers getting the top job.
Soon after the promotion, Gopal began having personal problems including financial ones. Sumit asked his Accountant to give Gopal a personal loan which he could pay back in instalments from his salary. Gopal was also lax in the operations reporting and sometimes Sumit was unaware of his whereabouts. Gopal had cited personal problems when Sumit had asked him. Yesterday Sumit had received a complaint from the Head Office of INB that an urgent packet was still undelivered and that there were many instances in the last month of important packages not delivered on time and when contacted Gopal was not responding satisfactorily to their queries. Sumit was shocked but promised the INB officer that he would resolve their problems immediately. Sumit soon discovered that there were many other operations issues lying unattended.
What should Sumit do?
Top 50 questions you should be able to answer as an economics student:
1. Any depreciation frauds in the recent news?
2. Can someone live for a day with 32 rupees?
3. Can you draw AC curve?
4. Can you draw the demand curve?
5. Can you explain what Indian English Literature is?
6. Can you name five emerging economies of the world?
7. Define inflation?
8. Define poverty line?
9. Do you have interest in world economics?
10. Draw demand curve. Why it slopes downwa0rd?
11. Draw the normal distribution curve?
12. Euro zone debt crisis?
13. Explain CPI, WPI?
14. Explain Elasticity of Demand & Supply?
15. Explain what consumer's risk is and what producer's risk is.
16. What is the difference between a customer and a consumer?
17. Give me the reason why is China depreciating its value of currency?
18. How does government make money?
19. How does macro-economic policy affect business?
20. How is economics different from business economics?
21. How is inflation calculated?
22. How is per capita income calculated?
23. How many times you gave exam for Economics honors?
24. How many types of markets are there?
25. How would economics help you out in MBA?
26. How would you improve agriculture?
27. How you will value inflation?
28. I am not very good in economics. Can you tell me the concept of liquidity?
29. If you are so much interested in Economics, why don't you pursue it as your career?
30. Monetary Policy & Fiscal Policy difference?
31. So which is a better system Capitalism or Communism?
32. Suggest a plan to increase sales of HB pencil by 5%?
33. Tell us about Indian economics?
34. Tell us something about the industrial economics and the management principles.
35. What are Substitute goods and economies of scale?
36. What are the different modes of communication?
37. What are the various types of depreciation?
38. What do you generally like in reading?
39. What do you know about the Indian economy?
40. What do you mean by liquidity and inflation?
41. What gains do companies get by charging depreciation?
42. What happens with overproduction?
43. What have you read in Economics honors?
44. What is a determinant?
45. What is CRR?
46. What is depreciation?
47. What is GDP, Budget?
48. What is India's per capita GDP?
49. What is Inflation/GDP?
50. What is inflation? What is its current rate?
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Top 50 Interview Questions - Work Experience
Top 50 questions you should be able to answer from your Work Experience:
1. Apart from your regular work, what else have you done in your company?
2. Are you not happy with your job? Then why do you want to leave the company?
3. Can you describe any innovation that has taken place in ignition systems?
4. Challenges you had in your work?
5. Describe the current product that you have been working on? People say it is full of innovations? What is your take?
6. Describe your final year project?
7. Describe your job profile?
8. Did you face problems motivating your team?
9. Did you have foreign clients?
10. Discuss the appraisal process at "Company Name". How has "Company Name" benefitted you?
11. Do you know any strategy consultants who helped Indian companies?
12. Do you think you are a bad performer and won't get a better opportunity?
13. Elaborate on your experience while working in "Your Company’s Name".
14. Explain the concept of total quality management.
15. Explain the different levels of organization.
16. Explain your job responsibilities?
17. For how many months have you taken a work experience?
18. Have you been placed somewhere? Will you join the company?
19. Have you interacted with your customers?
20. Have you worked on any project in MS?
21. How can you improve upon the current profile that you are working in?
22. How do you analyze the market?
23. How do you do sales forecasting?
24. How do you get the estimate for the likely time required?
25. How do you make sure people work under you?
26. How good was your company?
27. How is quality measured at your job?
28. How is your company performing in the wake of recession?
29. How much time did you need to understand your client's business?
30. How will your current experience help you if you go on to become a manager?
31. I know the VP of the company you have provided solutions to. Should I confirm with him?
32. Introduce your organization. What role you play in the organization? Tell us about your projects.
33. Is "Your Company’s Name" taking adequate measures for sustainable growth in the next 5 years?
34. Is there any impact of the slowdown in the west on the business that you people get?
35. Name some company where you'll get the kind of cross-functional exposure?
36. On which technology do you work?
37. Saying that you will give important job to a subordinate is easy, but have you ever done that?
38. Since your company has a high growth potential, then why do you want to leave the job and change the field?
39. So what are steps of Requirement Gathering?
40. So what was your experience as a Lead?
41. Tell me about the job sites that you have worked at?
42. Tell me something about unit processes?
43. Tell me what you did as the magazine editor?
44. Tell something about the CSR initiative of "Your Company’s Name".
45. Tell us about one creative work that you have done in your job?
46. Tell us about your work responsibilities?
47. There are 5 people working under you. Who would be responsible for managing them?
48. What are the financial implications of the sales cycle?
49. What are the latest happenings in your industry?
50. What are the managerial aspects of an organization?
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