Hundred years of leadership research have identified five some important findings
· 1. Leaders are both born and made—Leadership is a sophisticated social role, It is agreed that there are some predisposed qualities which people acquire by birth to be effective leaders, and over a period of time, great leaders hone their skills, with training, education and proactive decisions making and experience.
One- They build so many barriers to upward communication that the very idea of someone lower in the hierarchy looking up to the leader for help is ludicrous.
Two- the corporate culture they foster often defines asking for help as weakness or failure, so people cover up their gaps and the organization suffers accordingly. Real leaders make themselves accessible and available. They show concern for the efforts and challenges faced by underlings, they are most likely to create an environment where problem analysis replaces blame game.