Foreign expressions for CAT 2012

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*Foreign expressions can surprise us in passages. hence am starting a new thread for FEs.* *i request all puys to contribute to this thread.* :)
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1. dilettante : n /dl-tnt/
an amateur who engages in an activity without serious intentions and who pretends to have knowledge
A lover of the fine arts; a connoisseur.
adj. Superficial; amateurish.
Origin : Italian..lover of the arts

Usage : dilettante>

2. Embroglio(Imbroglio) : n
A difficult or intricate situation; an entanglement.
A confused or complicated disagreement.
A confused heap; a tangle.
Origin : Italian
Usage: He had to resign as he was involved in embroglio with his senior.

3. Lingua Franca : n /li-gw-fra-k/
A medium of communication between peoples of different languages.
A mixture of Italian with Provenal, French, Spanish, Arabic, Greek, and Turkish, formerly spoken on the eastern Mediterranean coast.
Origin : Italian..lingua, language + franca, Frankish (that is, European)
Usage : English is used as a lingua franca among many airline pilots.

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Hi All..:)

Foreign expressions lovers,"Have a look at this":
Mottoes, Slogans, Proverbs, Adages, Words of Wisdom, Phrases, and Single Words: Latin and Greek to English Units - Word Information

This website contains complete list(A to Z) of all 'Latin & Greek' expressions.!

*Happy Learning*

Tc.!

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1. suo moto/ su moto
Meaning : on it's own initiative
Usage : Government decided to start inquiry suo moto, after the allegations about corruption came in picture.

2. Alchemy (al-kmiy)
meaning=chemistry
"A mysterious alchemy brought them together"

3. Elixir (al-'iksr)
meaning=medicinal potion

4. Adobe
meaning= the brick

5. Kitsch: art,decorative objects or design considered by many people to be ugly, without style,gaudy, inferior, tasteless copy of an extant style.

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1. Pro Rata : adv /pr r't/
Definition: In proportion, according to a factor that can be calculated exactly.
Origin : Pro rata has a Latin etymology, from pro, according to, for, or by, and rata, feminine ablative of calculated (rate or change)

Usage : Money has been divided in pro rata to A, B and C......

2. q.e.d.
:
abbreviation for (Philosophy / Logic) (Mathematics) quod erat demonstrandum


3. Sine Die : adv \si-n-d-\
Definition: : without any future date being designated (as for resumption)
indefinitely
Origin : Latin

Usage : the meeting adjourned sine die

4. peccadillo : n \pe-k-di-()l\
Definition: a slight offense
Origin : Spanish pecadillo, diminutive of pecado sin, from Latin peccatum, from neuter of peccatus, past participle of peccare

Usage : All legislation is said to aim at training citizens in good habits, but many of us count breaking of the law as a mere peccadillo

5. Siesta
: noun \s-es-t\
Definition : an afternoon nap or rest
Origin : Spanish
Usage : Most of the shops were closed after lunch for a two-hour siesta.

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1. Modus Vivendi : noun \m-ds-vi-ven-d\
Definition: A feasible arrangement or practical compromise; especially : one that bypasses difficulties
A manner of living : a way of life
Origin : Latin
Usage : The two nations developed a modus vivendi in order to avoid war.

Tip to Remember : Mode for Modus and life for vivendi

2. Non Sequitir
: noun \nn-se-kw-tr \
Definition: an inference that does not follow from the premises; specifically : a fallacy resulting from a simple conversion of a universal affirmative proposition or from the transposition of a condition and its consequent
:
a statement (as a response) that does not follow logically from or is not clearly related to anything previously said
Origin : Latin

Usage : We were talking about the new restaurant when she threw in some non sequitur about her dog.

3. Obiter Dictum : n /OB-i-tuhr DIK-tuhm/
Definition : A passing comment.
An observation or opinion by a judge that is incidental to the case in question, and not binding as a precedent.
Origin : Latin

Usage : 'Abstract Expressionism was being deployed as a cold war weapon,' (Frances Stonor) Saunders jauntily asserts. ... Obiter dicta like Saunders's pronouncement above highlight her irreducible problem."
4. Persona Grata
: adj \pr-s-n-gra-t\
Definition : Fully acceptable or welcome, especially to a foreign government.
Origin : Latin
Usage : The diplomat was persona grata.

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1. In toto : adv \in-t-()t\
Definition: Totally, altogether,In entirety.
Origin : Latin, on the whole
Usage : The judge accepted the testimony in toto.

Tip to remember : totaly, completely from toto...

2. In Extremis
: adv \in-ik-str-ms\
Definition: in extreme circumstances, in dire straits
at the point of death
Origin : Latin
Usage : To complete the CWG's work, workers had to work in extremis.
Tip to remember : extreme conditions from extremis

3. Inter Alia
: adv /ntr el/
Definition: Among other things.
Origin : Latin

It is a phrase used in legal proceedings that few facts stated are only part of the entire facts or rules and not the entire thing.
Usage : The committee recommended, inter alia, that he be promoted.

4. In la mode - In fashion

5. In de mode - out of fashion


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a few more..

  1. vitam impendere vero (L) : to risk one's life for the death.
  2. vita hominis, sine literis mors est (L) : the life of man, without literature, is death.
  3. vis inertiae (L) : the power of inertia, resistance.


Note: L = Latin.
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Nice Thread :cheers:

Here's my contribution to this thread :
zeitgeist (G) : The spirit of the time; the spirit characteristic of an age or generation.
zonam perdidit (L) : He has lost his purse;he is in needy circumstances.
vox populi, vox Dei (L) : the voice of people is the voice of God.
vive vale (L) : farewell and be happy.
viva voce (L) : by oral testimony.

Note:
G = Greek
L = Latin.

I guess that's enough for now.!

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Amicus curiae

An amicus curiae is someone, not a party to a case, who volunteers to offer information to assist a court in deciding a matter before it. The decision on whether to admit the information lies at the discretion of the court. The phrase amicus curiae is legal Latin and literally means "friend of the court".
“One day, in retrospect, the years of struggle will strike you as the most beautiful.”
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1. Ad Hominem : adj. \()ad-h-m-nem\
Definition : marked by or being an attack on an opponent's character rather than by an answer to the contentions made.
adv : in an ad hominem manner
Origin : New Latin, literally, to the person

2. caput mortuum : Caput Mortuum (plural Capita Mortua) is a Latin term whose literal meaning is "dead head" or "worthless remains", used in alchemy and also as the name of a pigment. It has also been used as a synonym for deadhead.

3. Ceteris Paribus
: adv /KAY-tuhr-uhs PAR-uh-buhs/
Definition : Other factors remaining the same.
Origin : From Latin, literally, other things the same
This is a favorite term of economists. It's used to indicate the effect of change in a variable, assuming other variables are held constant in a system.

Usage : "Ceteris paribus, I stand by my avoid recommendation." William Lewis; Forget the Big Spend; Sunday Times

4. Ex Gratia
: adj or adv \()eks-gr-sh(-)\
Definition : as a favor ; not compelled by legal right
Origin : Latin

Usage : ex gratia pension payments
Tip 2 Remeber : remember greatnes from gratita....sum1 is so great that he did favor
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