RC Practice - 29th May 2020
Fame and fortune are both mysterious and fickle. What is it that makes one person wealthy and famous, while the rest of his or her friends or colleagues are left behind? While it's true that money can't buy you happiness, at least on a long-term basis, it can definitely buy you the freedom to do what you want in life. And that is worth a lot.
While most everyone harbors a secret (or maybe not-so-secret) desire to be either rich, famous--or both--this is particularly true for members of the Millennial generation. According to a survey conducted by the Pew Research Center, 81 percent of Millennials said that getting rich is their generation's first or second most important life goal, and 51 percent said the same about getting famous.
So, what is it exactly that the rich and famous do differently from the rest of us, and how can you adopt some of these habits in your own life? History might have a lesson here.
In popular wisdom, fame and fortune are often associated with virtue, industry, and a host of other attributes. However, random strokes of fate often determine such success and said commonly perceived virtues prove irrelevant. For instance, decades after her death, Coco Chanel remains the epitome of French fashion and her name, as well as the company she founded, is known throughout the world. Yet, few realize that she, while undeniably talented, initially succeeded by leveraging her status as a courtesan. As a company owner, it would be an understatement to say that she was not known for her generous treatment of her employees. During the Nazi occupation, she lived a privileged life at the Hotel Ritz and her lover at the time was a German intelligence operative.
Conversely, there is the example of Madeleine Vionnet, a professional contemporary of Chanel. She is often credited with permanently transforming fashion through her use of the bias cut—cutting material against the grain of the fabric. In the 1930’s, her gowns were worn by Hollywood stars, and her standing was second to none. She was also, in many ways, an early feminist, establishing largely unheard of employee benefits—such as day care and medicalcare—for her largely female staff. In addition, she lobbied for fashion copyright protections. When the Second World War broke out, she closed her business and simply retired. Today, she is largely unknown outside of the fashion industry.
1. The author wrote the passage to posit which of the following?
(A) that the relationship between virtue and success is inverse
(B) that an inferior designer was more successful than a superior one
(C) to contrast the aesthetic of Chanel to that of Vionnet
(D) to suggest that no causal relationship exists between personal qualities and professional legacy
2. The author discusses the employee benefits offered by Vionnet in order to
(A) differentiate her from Chanel
(B) illustrate Vionnet’s admirable qualities
(C) highlight the fact that virtues are no guarantee of success
(D) demonstrate the economic burden of her decisions that might have led to her failure
3. The Pew research shows all but which of the following about millenials?
(A) They are peculiarly fascinated with renown and riches
(B) Getting wealthy is one of their top priorities in life
(C) Their yearning for money and fame is not always evident
(D) On average, they desire fortune more than fame
4. Which of the following assertions about Chanel has been made by the author?
(A) She was not talented, but just lucky to have become so renowned
(B) Her success is attributable, at least in part, to her earlier profession
(C) She worked with the Nazi camp and was associated with a German intelligence officer
(D) She was generous to her employees
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CAT LRDI | Venn Diagram Optimization | Maxima-Minima | Set Theory | Internet Browsers | Moderate
This CAT LRDI Set is on Venn Diagram Optimization. Very little information, you can quickly gauge that each question will provide additional information and you have to grind through them on a case by case basis. A classic maxima-minima problem
CAT LRDI – Internet Browers
Need help with these two questions from the RC
The fossil remains of the first flying vertebrates, the pterosaurs, have intrigued paleontologists for more than two centuries. How such large creatures, which weighed in some cases as much as a piloted hang-glider and had wingspans from 8 to 12 meters, solved the problems of powered flight, and exactly what these creatures were—reptiles or birds—are among the questions scientists have puzzled over.
Perhaps the least controversial assertion about the pterosaurs is that they were reptiles. Their skulls, pelvises, and hind feet are reptilian. The anatomy of their wings suggests that they did not evolve into the class of birds. In pterosaurs a greatly elongated fourth finger of each forelimb supported a wing-like membrane. The other fingers were short and reptilian, with sharp claws. In birds the second finger is the principal strut of the wing, which consists primarily of feathers. If the pterosaurs walked on all fours, the three short fingers may have been employed for grasping. When a pterosaur walked or remained stationary, the fourth finger, and with it the wing, could only turn upward in an extended inverted V-shape along each side of the animal’s body.
The pterosaurs resembled both birds and bats in their overall structure and proportions. This is not surprising because the design of any flying vertebrate is subject to aerodynamic constraints. Both the pterosaurs and the birds have hollow bones, a feature that represents a savings in weight. In the birds, however, these bones are reinforced more massively by internal struts.
Although scales typically cover reptiles, the pterosaurs probably had hairy coats. T. H. Huxley reasoned that flying vertebrates must have been warm-blooded because flying implies a high rate of metabolism, which in turn implies a high internal temperature. Huxley speculated that a coat of hair wouldinsulate against loss of body heat and might streamline the body
to reduce drag in flight. The recent discovery of a pterosaur specimen covered in long, dense, and relatively thick hairlike fossil material was the first clear evidence that his reasoning was correct.
Efforts to explain how the pterosaurs became airborne have led to suggestions that they launched themselves by jumping from cliffs, by dropping from trees, or even by rising into light winds from the crests of waves. Each hypothesis has its difficulties. The first wrongly assumes that the pterosaurs’ hind feet resembled a bat’s and could serve as hooks by which the animal could hang in preparation for flight. The second hypothesis seems unlikely because large pterosaurs could not have landed in trees without damaging their wings. The third calls for high waves to channel updrafts. The wind that made such waves however, might have been too strong for the pterosaurs to control their flight once airborne.
Question:-1- It can be inferred from the passage that scientists now generally agree that the
- enormous wingspan of the pterosaurs enabled them to fly great distances
- structure of the skeleton of the pterosaurs suggests a close evolutionary relationship to bats
- fossil remains of the pterosaurs reveal how they solved the problem of powered flight
- pterosaurs were reptiles
- pterosaurs walked on all fours
Question:-2- It can be inferred from the passage that some scientists believe that pterosaurs
- lived near large bodies of water
- had sharp teeth for tearing food
- were attacked and eaten by larger reptiles
- had longer tails than many birds
- consumed twice their weight daily to maintain their body