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IMPORTANT ESSAY TOPIC:NATIONAL SECURITY IS IRREVERSIBLY LINKED TO GOOD ECONOMIC GROWTH
Collapse of USSR economy led to Balkanisation of its sister states. With that global order changed from bi-polar to uni-polar world order with USA as sole superpower. Irrespective of number of active Russian nuclear warhead, she was not in a position to maintain bi-polar order economically. USA interfered in Russia's domestic affairs until the rise of Putin. Thus nationals security is directly linked to economy.National security emanates from power. Power to protect the nation from external and internal disturbances. War, espionage, energy security, threat from non state actors etc. National security is the net power capability to adsorb internal and external shocks. Economic growth guarantees resources for power projection, thus deterring war and provide alliances Also a powerful economy can pursue soft power through cheap loans, investments and economic aids. Economic sanctions can be used by a superpower to deter a country to go against it. A balanced economic growth helps in reducing inequalities in the society. Presence of large scale inequalities, internal security can be challenged from extremists and secessionist groups.Power projection and national security- China's sustained economic growth for more than two decades resulted in rapid mobilization of resources from military development. China began with anti-ship cruise missiles to protect its national security from US Naval carrier groups. But now with its economic prowess, its has commissioned one carrier and construction two more. Aircraft carriers, nuclear submarines project power far beyond national maritime borders but are money guzzlers, only a economic power can maintain and sustain these. US with eleven carrier groups maintains supremacy around the world.War is economy and economy is war- President Roosevelt quoted, "If we (axis powers) won the war, we have to convert ourselves into a militaristic power on the basis of war economy". This is quite evident in modern times as western powers are at war or in the supply side of wars. War economy fastens development of new military technology which leads to overall development in technology. Smalls countries like Poland supply more conventional arms to African countries, Middle east than revenue of entire OFB India combined. Thus war make economies prosper and economies make war their GDP factor.Economic aids deepens soft power- Soft power is the ability of a country to secure its national security without military action. Globalization has made an interconnected world where symmetrical war seems a thing of the past. In the economic context soft power can be maintained by soft loans, economic aids/grants, economic co-operation all of which strengthens national security. East Asian economic powers like Japan and Taiwan are keen to forge alliance with India to balance China with the help of soft loans, aid and investments. Japan's JICA is involved in some key multi billion projects in India. Similarly under Gujral doctrine India gives economic aids to its smaller neighbors. Contrary to this economic sanctions can deter a country to against national interest of a bigger power. India's imposed economic blockade in Nepal in 2015. It had devastating impact on its economy. Similarly USA through CAATSA act has already bleeding Russia, Iran and N Korea economy.National security is a super-set of internal security- India faces traditional internal threats from Naxals groups in Central India and Eastern states. Extremists and seccessionist groups in North East and Jihadi elements in Kashmir. Narco terrorism, counterfeit notes, trafficking of women and children are directly linked to these security issues. Non traditional security issues like Climate change, energy security, natural disasters also pose a grave threat to security and economy.Balanced economic growth balances threats- A balanced economic growth is the key to addresses traditional threats. Regional disparities causes large scale unemployment, abject poverty, lack of basic infrastructure which become breeding grounds of anti state forces. Kashmir has the highest unemployment rate in India. Jobless youths are brainwashed and incentivised by Pak based handlers to fuel violent protests. Similarly economic backwardness of Naxal prone districts can correlate between economic growth and extremism. Also sustained economic growth provides resources for better management of internal threats. Smart border fencing, advanced intelligence solutions, better equipped forces, development of cyber crime prevention networks requires huge amount of monetary devolution.Finance for Non-traditional threats- Energy is linked to climate change, climate change to increased disasters. India is largely dependent on fossil fuels which has to be imported, thus energy security is one of the key aspects of India's foreign policy. Fossil fuels are largely responsible for climate change. So India need finance for both cleaner energy and climate change adaptation as per SENDAI framework to reduce disaster related risks.Economic growth a shadow of security- Areas affected by any form of extremist or secessionists groups generally have low development because large industry houses are averse to risks. Even poor law and order problem can lead to low economic growth as evident from UP, where is there no such secessionist or extremists activities. This creates a chain of cascading irreversible effect.External and internal security of a country is directly linked to sustainable balanced economic growth. Dimension of security has changed from state to non state actors and from symmetrical to asymmetrical. Emerging threats from transnational drug and trafficking cartels, economic warfare by western countries, NBC threats by non state actors, space warfare, nanotechnology need to be understood and planned beforehand to neutralize them. As in the words of PM Modi, "National security is paramount for the government", government need to integrate economic security with national security for a holistic addressal of both.
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