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Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes


(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes
2.
In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have cut prices; their wines have been priced to sell, and they are.
(A) have been priced to sell, and they are
(B) are priced to sell, and they have
(C) are priced to sell, and they do
(D) are being priced to sell, and have
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have
3.
Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite,while each year sixteen buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.
(A) one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite
4.
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.
(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival
5.
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign
substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at
6.
In 1791 Robert Carter III, one of the wealthiest plantation owners in Virginia, stunned his family, friends, and neighbors by filing a deed of emancipation, setting free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered his property.
(A) setting free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered
(B) setting free more than the 500 slaves legally considered as
(C) and set free more than 500 slaves, who were legally considered as
(D) and set free more than the 500 slaves who were legally considered


(E) and he set free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered as
Well, i'm not sure if it fits in your category of tough questions however I think these questions may be of some help to revise some concepts.
Cheers,
Amit


1) B
2) C
3) D
4) B
5) E
6) A

Let us know the answers ...
1.According to a panel of health officials, there has been a great deal of confusion in the medical profession about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to health.
(A) about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to
(B) with respect to obesity being a biological disorder posing serious health risks or if it is related more to appearance than
(C) over whether or not obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition more related to appearance than to
(D) about obesity and if it is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition related to appearance more than to
(E) concerning whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition related to appearance more than


2.According to a ruling by the state supreme court, the owner of polluted land is liable for the cleanup of the property even if the owner did not have the responsibility that pollution occurred before the title changed hands.
(A) the owner did not have the responsibility that pollution
(B) the owner is not responsible for pollution that
(C) it was not the owners responsibility that pollution would have
(D) the responsibility of the owner is not that pollution
(E) the responsibility was not the owners that pollution would have

3.According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four.
(A) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four
(B) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five; if they are born since 1955, six percent become depressed by age twenty-four
(C) of Americans born before 1905, only one percent of them have suffered major depression by age seventy-five, but six percent of those born since 1955 do by the age of twenty-four
(D) major depression is suffered by the age of seventy-five by only one percent of Americans born before 1905, and by age twenty-four by the six percent born since 1955
(E) Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five only one percent of the time, but six percent of those born since 1955 did so by age twenty-four

4.According to a survey of graduating medical students conducted by the Association of American Medical Colleges, minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice in socioeconomically deprived areas.
(A) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice
(B) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than other graduates who plan on practicing
(C) minority graduates are nearly four times as likely as other graduates to plan on practicing
(D) it is nearly four times more likely that minority graduates rather than other graduates will plan to practice
(E) it is nearly four times as likely for minority graduates than other graduates to plan to practice



1) A
2) B
3) B
4) D

Answers please ...
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A
B
C
E
what is OA..will post the explanation also...

first two are correct...post the explanations pls
1.According to a panel of health officials, there has been a great deal of confusion in the medical profession about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to health.
(A) about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to
(B) with respect to obesity being a biological disorder posing serious health risks or if it is related more to appearance than
(C) over whether or not obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition more related to appearance than to
(D) about obesity and if it is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition related to appearance more than to
(E) concerning whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition related to appearance more than


2.According to a ruling by the state supreme court, the owner of polluted land is liable for the cleanup of the property even if the owner did not have the responsibility that pollution occurred before the title changed hands.
(A) the owner did not have the responsibility that pollution
(B) the owner is not responsible for pollution that
(C) it was not the owner's responsibility that pollution would have
(D) the responsibility of the owner is not that pollution
(E) the responsibility was not the owner's that pollution would have

3.According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four.
(A) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four
(B) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five; if they are born since 1955, six percent become depressed by age twenty-four
(C) of Americans born before 1905, only one percent of them have suffered major depression by age seventy-five, but six percent of those born since 1955 do by the age of twenty-four
(D) major depression is suffered by the age of seventy-five by only one percent of Americans born before 1905, and by age twenty-four by the six percent born since 1955
(E) Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five only one percent of the time, but six percent of those born since 1955 did so by age twenty-four

4.According to a survey of graduating medical students conducted by the Association of American Medical Colleges, minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice in socioeconomically deprived areas.
(A) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice
(B) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than other graduates who plan on practicing
(C) minority graduates are nearly four times as likely as other graduates to plan on practicing
(D) it is nearly four times more likely that minority graduates rather than other graduates will plan to practice

(E) it is nearly four times as likely for minority graduates than other graduates to plan to practice


A
B
C
E
what is OA..will post the explanation also...
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes'
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes
2.
In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners have cut prices; their wines have been priced to sell, and they are.
(A) have been priced to sell, and they are
(B) are priced to sell, and they have
(C) are priced to sell, and they do
(D) are being priced to sell, and have
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have
3.
Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite,while each year sixteen buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.
(A) one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite
4.
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.
(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival
5.
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign
substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at
6.
In 1791 Robert Carter III, one of the wealthiest plantation owners in Virginia, stunned his family, friends, and neighbors by filing a deed of emancipation, setting free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered his property.
(A) setting free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered
(B) setting free more than the 500 slaves legally considered as
(C) and set free more than 500 slaves, who were legally considered as
(D) and set free more than the 500 slaves who were legally considered
(E) and he set free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered as
Well, i'm not sure if it fits in your category of tough questions however I think these questions may be of some help to revise some concepts.
Cheers,
Amit
  • 1 Like  

1.According to a panel of health officials, there has been a great deal of confusion in the medical profession about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to health.
(A) about whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition more related to appearance than to
(B) with respect to obesity being a biological disorder posing serious health risks or if it is related more to appearance than
(C) over whether or not obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition more related to appearance than to
(D) about obesity and if it is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or a condition related to appearance more than to
(E) concerning whether obesity is a biological disorder posing serious health risks or it is a condition related to appearance more than


2.According to a ruling by the state supreme court, the owner of polluted land is liable for the cleanup of the property even if the owner did not have the responsibility that pollution occurred before the title changed hands.
(A) the owner did not have the responsibility that pollution
(B) the owner is not responsible for pollution that
(C) it was not the owner's responsibility that pollution would have
(D) the responsibility of the owner is not that pollution
(E) the responsibility was not the owner's that pollution would have

3.According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four.
(A) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four
(B) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five; if they are born since 1955, six percent become depressed by age twenty-four
(C) of Americans born before 1905, only one percent of them have suffered major depression by age seventy-five, but six percent of those born since 1955 do by the age of twenty-four
(D) major depression is suffered by the age of seventy-five by only one percent of Americans born before 1905, and by age twenty-four by the six percent born since 1955
(E) Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five only one percent of the time, but six percent of those born since 1955 did so by age twenty-four

4.According to a survey of graduating medical students conducted by the Association of American Medical Colleges, minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice in socioeconomically deprived areas.
(A) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice
(B) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than other graduates who plan on practicing
(C) minority graduates are nearly four times as likely as other graduates to plan on practicing
(D) it is nearly four times more likely that minority graduates rather than other graduates will plan to practice
(E) it is nearly four times as likely for minority graduates than other graduates to plan to practice

A phenomena can cause economical consideration. But think this way.

"Economical and political consideration". Does not sound parallel and it distorts the meaning. So we can eliminate A, B and C because it is not parallel.

The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.
(A) The supply of oil being finite has become an economical
(B) The finite supply of oil has become an economical
(C) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economical
(D) The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
(E) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic
I think the key to solve this question is to understand the diff between economic and economical?
any taker?

Why Not E..In US spoken english "That the supply of Oil" is perfectly fine and you should read this as The fact that "That the supply of Oil" ...
Could any one please post the right answer for this?

Cheers,
Amit

First of all thanks a lot to all the guys who have responded to it..
I think that the correct answer seem to be the one with "BEING"...& with "Economic" surprise, surprise...i.e. 'D'.
first of all, lets get clear about the subject of this sentence: I don't knwo what you guys thi nk but the subject of sentence is: "The supply of oil being finite" i.e. a phenomenon. now what it has caused is being talked in the complete sentence..
1. Why not economical...
Answer lies when you question this sentence:
has the phenomenon caused considerations which are economical? / it has caused the consideration for economy?
offcourse its the later one, hence - Economic is the choice
2. The supply of oil HAS/IS/BEING , what to choose?
look at what this shift has caused..."HAS become an economical and political consideration", it means this phenomenon has completed - perfect tense...and oil supply caused it so something which can't be gaurenteed to continue ..hence the option with..IS Ruled out...
I concede to D..Though was dying to go for E...
Please post your thoughts too..


I am not sure if I understand this.

1) If you say "supply of oil being finite" --> doesn't this pose two questions:
i) whether the supply is finite
ii) or oil is finite

2) Can a phenomena not cause economical considerations? I guess it can?
Still thinking ...

I'd appreciate if someone offers a better explanation.

Puys,

I want to solve as many tough questions as possible as I am having my test next week. Please post any tough questions if you have. Thanks.

Ya buddy.. i got he difference...solved it in a hurry..
overlooked the use of the word..
Here the use of being is accepted.
thanks


Glad that you saw the difference. You are welcome.
  • 1 Like  
B is certainly not right because economical means cheap. It should be economic and economical. For e.g. It is right to say the economic conditions of a country but it not right if you economical conditions of a country.

See my earlier post to see the right answer

Ya buddy.. i got he difference...solved it in a hurry..
overlooked the use of the word..
Here the use of being is accepted.
thanks
The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.
(A) The supply of oil being finite has become an economical
(B) The finite supply of oil has become an economical
(C) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economical
(D) The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
(E) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic
I think the key to solve this question is to understand the diff between economic and economical?
any taker?

Why Not E..In US spoken english "That the supply of Oil" is perfectly fine and you should read this as The fact that "That the supply of Oil" ...
Could any one please post the right answer for this?

Cheers,
Amit


First of all thanks a lot to all the guys who have responded to it..

I think that the correct answer seem to be the one with "BEING"...& with "Economic" surprise, surprise...i.e. 'D'.

first of all, lets get clear about the subject of this sentence: I don't knwo what you guys thi nk but the subject of sentence is: "The supply of oil being finite" i.e. a phenomenon. now what it has caused is being talked in the complete sentence..
1. Why not economical...
Answer lies when you question this sentence:
has the phenomenon caused considerations which are economical? / it has caused the consideration for economy?
offcourse its the later one, hence - Economic is the choice
2. The supply of oil HAS/IS/BEING , what to choose?
look at what this shift has caused..."HAS become an economical and political consideration", it means this phenomenon has completed - perfect tense...and oil supply caused it so something which can't be gaurenteed to continue ..hence the option with..IS Ruled out...

I concede to D..Though was dying to go for E...

Please post your thoughts too..


I just wanted to add one more point. Economical and political considerations does not seem to be parallel as well because of the meaning of the word 'Economical'
The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.
(A) The supply of oil being finite has become an economical
(B) The finite supply of oil has become an economical
(C) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economical
(D) The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
(E) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic
I think the key to solve this question is to understand the diff between economic and economical?
any taker?

Why Not E..In US spoken english "That the supply of Oil" is perfectly fine and you should read this as The fact that "That the supply of Oil" ...
Could any one please post the right answer for this?

Cheers,
Amit


First of all thanks a lot to all the guys who have responded to it..

I think that the correct answer seem to be the one with "BEING"...& with "Economic" surprise, surprise...i.e. 'D'.

first of all, lets get clear about the subject of this sentence: I don't knwo what you guys thi nk but the subject of sentence is: "The supply of oil being finite" i.e. a phenomenon. now what it has caused is being talked in the complete sentence..
1. Why not economical...
Answer lies when you question this sentence:
has the phenomenon caused considerations which are economical? / it has caused the consideration for economy?
offcourse its the later one, hence - Economic is the choice
2. The supply of oil HAS/IS/BEING , what to choose?
look at what this shift has caused..."HAS become an economical and political consideration", it means this phenomenon has completed - perfect tense...and oil supply caused it so something which can't be gaurenteed to continue ..hence the option with..IS Ruled out...

I concede to D..Though was dying to go for E...

Please post your thoughts too..
My answer-B
Remember-Being is almost always wrong in GMAT.



B is certainly not right because economical means cheap. It should be economic and economical. For e.g. It is right to say the economic conditions of a country but it not right if you economical conditions of a country.

See my earlier post to see the right answer
  • 1 Like  
1.A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.



(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.

(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a stars mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole



Without looking into the choices:

This sentence looks good. Overall I cant find any mistake. After a neutron star a coma might not be needed.
After it passes through a red giant stage : it is not clear for which it is being used. Whether it is used for star or for black hole.
Depending on mass : depending on which mass.stars mass or black holes mass.

A. This more or less looks ok apart from the fact mentioned above.
B. This makes the sentence more clear and pristine. Here it is clear that star is passing the red giant stage. Depending on mass is used for star.
C. This sentence becomes a bit awkward. Unnecessary changes.
D. After passing through the red giant stage: the subject for this is not clear.
E. it is not clear. For which noun it is used. This makes the sentence awkward.

I think B is the answer.



2.A substance derived from the Madagascar periwinkle, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients, is cultivated in China as part of a program to integrate traditional herbal medicine into a contemporary system of health care.




(A) A substance derived from the Madagascar periwinkle, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients,
(B) A derivative, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients, of the Madagascar periwinkle,
(C) A Madagascar periwinkle derivative, which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients,

(D) The Madagascar periwinkle has a derivative which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients, that
(E) The Madagascar periwinkle, a derivative of which has proved useful in decreasing mortality among young leukemia patients,



Without looking into the choices:

Shouldnt it be which has been proved or which is proved to be useful

After looking into choices:
  1. it should be which has been proved or which is proved to be . From the sentence it looks as if the substance is cultivated in china.
  2. this confuses the reader. Awkward.
  3. A Madagascar It should be The Madagascar.
  4. That is confusing..what is cultivated is not clear.
  5. This sentence is clear and it depicts the meaning of the whole sentence.

I think E is the answer.

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