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You should note that here extending functions as a present participle and NOT as an action verb.

Thus the question is not about tenses..but about parallelism among participles.


My Doubts:
1.How did you conclude 'spawned' is participle.Isnt it past tense of action verb spawn?
as in sentence : A+B spawned from C.
2.Is there any rule for parallesism b/w participles i.e past participle + present participle make a parallel sentence?

Hi Irkuz,
2 rules applied here:
1.Subject and Object pronouns cannot refer to Possesive nouns and must refer only Subj/Obj Nouns
2.Possesive Pronoun must always be used with gerund.Thus it would always be 'his having'.

The case you mentioned is Subj/Obj Noun
Here also we can can use possesive pronoun as there is no rule against that.
Also because rule 2 would still be applicable.

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the answer is (d)....first it is a parallelism ques. so the diction has to be same...second..."railway commuters" is a plural noun...so we use noun agreement here ie...plural verb..

Folks plz try this one and give your clear explaination in support of the answer.

Question.
Shostakovich ' s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having the piece performed impossible.
A. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having

B. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having.

C. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having.

D. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having.

E. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made himself having.

IMO : Answer = C
Reasons
1.Correct idiom is 'had hardly'...when : So A and B can be eliminated
2.Made his/him/himself having
The pronoun here has antecedent Shostakovich ' s : possesive form
So choose possesive form of he = his

So ans is C.


I concur that the answer is C.
However , i have a doubt on the 2nd part of your reply.

even if the antecedent was Shostakovich, correct usage would have been 'his having'.
Is there any case when you use "him having"?..
I thought that "him having" is always wrong (even if the antecedant is in objective form).Can you please clarify this?.Any example?.
Folks plz try this one and give your clear explaination in support of the answer.

Question.
Shostakovich s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having the piece performed impossible.
A. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having

B. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having.

C. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having.

D. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having.

E. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made himself having.


I wud go with option D
Here is one more, plz try

Question
A transit of Venus or Mercury should be observed only with proper protection, because staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun with the unprotected eye can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage.

A. because staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun with the unprotected eye can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage.

B. staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage, with the unprotected eye.

C. because, quickly, often permanent eye damage can be caused by staring with the unprotected eye at the brilliant disk of the Sun.

D. often permanent eye damage is caused by staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun, quickly causing serious eye damage to the unprotected eye.

E. because the unprotected eye can quickly be caused serious and often permanent eye damage when staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun.


Call between B & A.

Since the comma is present I wud go with option A.
Here is one more, plz try

Question
A transit of Venus or Mercury should be observed only with proper protection, because staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun with the unprotected eye can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage.
A. because staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun with the unprotected eye can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage.

B. staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage, with the unprotected eye.

C. because, quickly, often permanent eye damage can be caused by staring with the unprotected eye at the brilliant disk of the Sun.

D. often permanent eye damage is caused by staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun, quickly causing serious eye damage to the unprotected eye.

E. because the unprotected eye can quickly be caused serious and often permanent eye damage when staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun.


IMO : A
Reason:
1.In this sentence we have 2 clauses seperated by comma.We need suitable conjuction to put these together.Conjuction = because
We now have only A and E
2.E is unidiomatic and changes meaning.

So Answer is A
Folks plz try this one and give your clear explaination in support of the answer.

Question.
Shostakovich s Fourth Symphony had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having the piece performed impossible.
A. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having

B. had not hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having.

C. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made his having.

D. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made him having.

E. had hardly entered rehearsals when the political climate turned against the composer and made himself having.


IMO : Answer = C
Reasons
1.Correct idiom is 'had hardly'...when : So A and B can be eliminated
2.Made his/him/himself having
The pronoun here has antecedent Shostakovich s : possesive form
So choose possesive form of he = his

So ans is C.
  • 1 Like  
parallelism with what? IMO, "extend" here is used as a verb of being and not as a participle.

Please comment....

IMO: B

The verb "extend" here describes the fungus and should parallel the verb "is" which is in simple present tense. Thus extends sounds good.

Ankit, OA please...


No.The participle Extending acts as a modifier(not as a verb) here. Read the sentence carefully.

extending modifies the noun "giant fungus".

A) should be the correct answer.
Here is one more, plz try

Question
A transit of Venus or Mercury should be observed only with proper protection, because staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun with the unprotected eye can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage.
A. because staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun with the unprotected eye can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage.

B. staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun can quickly cause serious and often permanent eye damage, with the unprotected eye.

C. because, quickly, often permanent eye damage can be caused by staring with the unprotected eye at the brilliant disk of the Sun.

D. often permanent eye damage is caused by staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun, quickly causing serious eye damage to the unprotected eye.

E. because the unprotected eye can quickly be caused serious and often permanent eye damage when staring at the brilliant disk of the Sun.


only A and B seems appropriate..

i would go for A
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