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GMAT Sentence Correction Discussions

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1. Bob Wilber became Sidney Bechets student and protg when he was nineteen and, for a few years in the 1940s, came as close to being a carbon copy of the jazz virtuoso in performance as anyone has ever come.
(A) as anyone has ever come
(B) as anyone ever had been
(C) as anyone ever had done
(D) that anyone ever did
(E) that anyone ever came

B

2. Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.
(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

B

3. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

A

4. By installing special electric pumps, farmers houses could be heated by the warmth from cows milk, according to one agricultural engineer.
(A) farmers houses could be heated by the warmth from cows milk, according to one agricultural engineer
(B) the warmth from cows milk could be used by farmers to heat their houses, according to one agricultural engineer
(C) one agricultural engineer reports that farmers could use the warmth from cows milk to heat their houses
(D) farmers, according to one agricultural engineer, could use the warmth from cows milk to heat their houses
(E) one agricultural engineer reports that farmers houses could be heated by the warmth from cows milk

B

5. By showing that South Africa does not have a free market and is in fact a kind of collectivist welfare state for Whites only, Sowell argues that American conservatives have no valid ideological grounds to be in sympathy with the Pretoria regime.
(A) to be in sympathy with
(B) to sympathize with
(C) for sympathizing with
(D) that they should sympathize with
(E) that they should have sympathy for

B

My answers are B,B,D,E,B .


__________________________
1. Bob Wilber became Sidney Bechets student and protg when he was nineteen and, for a few years in the 1940s, came as close to being a carbon copy of the jazz virtuoso in performance as anyone has ever come.
(A) as anyone has ever come
(B) as anyone ever had been
(C) as anyone ever had done
(D) that anyone ever did
(E) that anyone ever came

2. Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.
(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

3. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

4. By installing special electric pumps, farmers houses could be heated by the warmth from cows milk, according to one agricultural engineer.
(A) farmers houses could be heated by the warmth from cows milk, according to one agricultural engineer
(B) the warmth from cows milk could be used by farmers to heat their houses, according to one agricultural engineer
(C) one agricultural engineer reports that farmers could use the warmth from cows milk to heat their houses
(D) farmers, according to one agricultural engineer, could use the warmth from cows milk to heat their houses
(E) one agricultural engineer reports that farmers houses could be heated by the warmth from cows milk

5. By showing that South Africa does not have a free market and is in fact a kind of collectivist welfare state for Whites only, Sowell argues that American conservatives have no valid ideological grounds to be in sympathy with the Pretoria regime.
(A) to be in sympathy with
(B) to sympathize with
(C) for sympathizing with
(D) that they should sympathize with
(E) that they should have sympathy for

My answers are B,B,D,E,B .



My bunch of guesses:
A
A
A
A
B

1.Bob Wilber became Sidney Bechet's student and protg when he was nineteen and, for a few years in the 1940's, came as close to being a carbon copy of the jazz virtuoso in performance as anyone has ever come.
(A) as anyone has ever come
(B) as anyone ever had been
(C) as anyone ever had done
(D) that anyone ever did
(E) that anyone ever came

2.Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.
(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

3.By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

4.By installing special electric pumps, farmers' houses could be heated by the warmth from cows' milk, according to one agricultural engineer.
(A) farmers' houses could be heated by the warmth from cows' milk, according to one agricultural engineer
(B) the warmth from cows' milk could be used by farmers to heat their houses, according to one agricultural engineer
(C) one agricultural engineer reports that farmers could use the warmth from cows' milk to heat their houses
(D) farmers, according to one agricultural engineer, could use the warmth from cows' milk to heat their houses
(E) one agricultural engineer reports that farmers' houses could be heated by the warmth from cows' milk

5.By showing that South Africa does not have a free market and is in fact a kind of collectivist welfare state for Whites only, Sowell argues that American conservatives have no valid ideological grounds to be in sympathy with the Pretoria regime.
(A) to be in sympathy with
(B) to sympathize with
(C) for sympathizing with
(D) that they should sympathize with
(E) that they should have sympathy for

My answers are B,B,D,E,B .

My takes.

1. Option D : Because the Earths crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

2. Option C: Because Halleys Comet changes orbit slightly during the seventy-six-year interval between its passes close to Earth, it may veer onto a collision course with a planet sometime in the distant future.

3. B. : On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
All others are out of question. A is wrong because scientist CANNOT estimate based on something, scientist's accounts can be based on something. But scientists can estimate on the basis of something. Looks to me like a variation of OG question about "Using the account, scientists estimate that...."

@ Gail,
For the first question,
Subject :earthquake verb should be:devastates.
So I thought B,C & D are wrong.

A ,B ,D &E; may have pronoun error "it",may refer to either US /earthquake .C doesn't has pronoun error & the idiom usage ( "100 times the area ...".) is correct.

Please do let me know the reason why the answer is C ? whats wrong w.r.t subj-verb agreement issue I pointed out.?
My takes.

1. Option D : Because the Earths crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

2. Option C: Because Halleys Comet changes orbit slightly during the seventy-six-year interval between its passes close to Earth, it may veer onto a collision course with a planet sometime in the distant future.

3. B. : On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
All others are out of question. A is wrong because scientist CANNOT estimate based on something, scientist's accounts can be based on something. But scientists can estimate on the basis of something. Looks to me like a variation of OG question about "Using the account, scientists estimate that...."

What is wrong with option E in second question and for the third question it appeared to me as well as the variation to the OG question!! do u hav an explanation for that..coz i couldn't wrap the OG explanation around my head.
1. Because the Earths crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.
(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West

2. Because Halleys Comet changes orbit slightly during the seventy-six-year interval between passing close to Earth, it may veer onto a collision course with a planet sometime in the distant future.
(A) between passing
(B) of passing
(C) between its passes
(D) of its passes
(E) as it passes

3. Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like

My answers are: 1.B 2.E. 3.A

tHEY are all wrong !!!! :(

My takes.

1. Option D : Because the Earths crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

2. Option C: Because Halleys Comet changes orbit slightly during the seventy-six-year interval between its passes close to Earth, it may veer onto a collision course with a planet sometime in the distant future.

3. B. : On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
All others are out of question. A is wrong because scientist CANNOT estimate based on something, scientist's accounts can be based on something. But scientists can estimate on the basis of something. Looks to me like a variation of OG question about "Using the account, scientists estimate that...."
My take

1. E
2. C
3. B

-Deepak.

2nd and 3rd are right!!can u explain ur answers..and also y do u think my answers are wrong?
1.Because the Earths crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.
(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
2.Because Halleys Comet changes orbit slightly during the seventy-six-year interval between passing close to Earth, it may veer onto a collision course with a planet sometime in the distant future.
(A) between passing
(B) of passing
(C) between its passes
(D) of its passes
(E) as it passes

3.Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like

My answers are: 1.B 2.E. 3.A

tHEY are all wrong !!!! :(


My take

1. E
2. C
3. B

-Deepak.

1.Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.
(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
2.Because Halley's Comet changes orbit slightly during the seventy-six-year interval between passing close to Earth, it may veer onto a collision course with a planet sometime in the distant future.
(A) between passing
(B) of passing
(C) between its passes
(D) of its passes
(E) as it passes

3.Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examinations of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimate that the largest dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles, like those of
(E) Based on such growth rates as those of large modern reptiles like

My answers are: 1.B 2.E. 3.A

tHEY are all wrong !!!!

2 reasons why "C" can't be the answer.

1. It alters the meaning of the statement. Pest control methods need not necessarily be introduced in the 1980s.

2. Pests had destroyed grape, celery, chili pepper, sugar beet and walnut crops in the region, but more effective pest-control methods that were introduced in the 1880s, saved the citrus industry.

This comma is missing in the statement.



I have a question. Thanks for help.

2.Pests had destroyed grape, celery, chili pepper crops, sugar beet and walnut in the region, but in the 1880s, more effective pest-control methods saved the citrus industry.


Pests had destroyed grape, celery, chili pepper crops,
sugar beet and walnut in the region, but in the 1880s, more
effective pest-control methods saved the citrus industry.


Pests had destroyed grape, celery, chili pepper, sugar beet
and walnut crops in the region, but in the 1880s, more
effective pest-control
methods saved the citrus industry.


Pests had destroyed grape, celery, chili pepper, sugar beet and walnut crops in the region, but more effective pest-control methods that were introduced in the 1880s saved the citrus industry.


In the 1880s, pests destroyed grape, celery, chili pepper, sugar beet and walnut crops in the region and more effective pest-control methods saved the citrus industry.


In the 1880s, more effective pest-control methods saved the citrus industry from what was destroying grape, celery, chili pepper, sugar beet and walnut crops in the region.

(B) CORRECT. The word crop is placed correctly after the list of crop types.
The modifier in the 1880s correctly modifies the last phrase in the sentence, indicating only that the citrus industry was saved in the 1880s. By using the past perfect had destroyed, this sentence indicates that the other crops had been destroyed at some time prior to the 1880s. The later past event uses the simple past tense, whereas the earlier past event uses the past perfect tense. This time line of events matches the meaning in the original sentence.

(C) The modifying phrase that were introduced in the 1880s refers to the methods immediately preceding the phrase. This alters the meaning of the sentence, since in the 1880s no longer modifies saved the citrus industry. The simple past tense indicates saved happened sometime in the past, but not necessarily in that particular decade. The modifier uses the relative pronoun that, but that should only introduce essential modifiers. Which is a better choice here, since the modifying phrase is non-essential.


I do not see anything wrong with C..it is better than B.











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