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Sachin . @Govi

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GMAT Sentence Correction Discussions

The GMAT and Related Discussions section is very fragmented in terms of the information available at one's disposal. There are one of reply threads and several other redundant threads that have masked the more important ones. This is an atte...
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You can get it from here:
Aristotle Sentence Correction Grail | Aristotleprep

It's a very good resource for SC...it is not free..but if you register on this site, they will give you free lessons from the book by e-mail

  • 1 Like  

Does anyone has 'SC Grail' ? How is it and from where can I get it?

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This is not an absolute phrase since absolute phrases have a subject.

Following would be absolute phrase:

His bat doing the talking, Tendulkar scored a blistering century.

bat is the subject in the phrase above.

p.s. From GMAT perspective, you don't need to know all these details though.

-------------------------------------------
Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle
GMAT - 99th Percentile, MBA - ISB

okay brother....noted...thanks
Surprising. Can you please let us know the source of this question.



-------------------------------------------
Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle
GMAT - 99th Percentile, MBA - ISB


This question appeared in Verbal Bin 3 of the Princeton GMAT review2011 edition.
A good question....

Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved from the previous year, only look less appetizing than their round and red supermarket cousins, often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but are more flavorful.
A. cousins, often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but are
B. cousins, often green and striped, or with plenty of bumps and bruises, although
C. cousins, often green and striped, or they have plenty of bumps and bruises, although they are
D. cousins; they are often green and striped, or with plenty of bumps and bruises, although
E. cousins; they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but they are


I go with E, semi colon correctly indicates an independent clause.


Pls explain!

The OA is E,...notice the semicolon..Important concept

consider this example....
"Jack and Joe are inseparable; they do everything together"
now as u can see, the sentence contains 2 independent clause (2 balanced sentences)
that are logically connect but independent in structure...in these cases semicolon must be used...

both the sentences..."Heirloom....", "they..." although logically connected but are structurally independent sentences,
so a semicolon is required after the first statement...a,b,c out...
note the second one use "they.." can surely be written...as semicolon is about structural
independence and not about meaning independence....moreover they is required
as it has to refer Heirloom tomatoes...not the cousins are green and striped...
in D,E...D has parallelism issue...so E wins...
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My ans is in bold(A).I think in B, the parallelism is not maintained.

How about this one guys-

Source - Aristotle SC Grail Q Bank (Q29)
The football team, tired after four hours of practice and wanted to reach home
quickly, took a short cut.
A. tired after four hours of practice and wanted to reach home quickly, took a
short cut.

B. tired after four hours of practice and wanting to reach home quickly, took a
short cut.

C. tired after four hours of practice and because they wanted to reach home
quickly, took a short cut.

D. tired after four hours of practice and wanting to reach home quickly, will take
a short cut.

E. tiring after four hours of practice and wanting to reach home quickly, took a
short cut.

my take is in bold!!
A good question....

Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved from the previous year, only look less appetizing than their round and red supermarket cousins, often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but are more flavorful.
A. cousins, often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but are
B. cousins, often green and striped, or with plenty of bumps and bruises, although
C. cousins, often green and striped, or they have plenty of bumps and bruises, although they are
D. cousins; they are often green and striped, or with plenty of bumps and bruises, although
E. cousins; they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but they are

my take is in bold!!


Pls explain!
Definitely not an easy question. Have seen this question in Official guide many many versions back.

There are two main issues with A:

1. Cows are not kept cool by providing them with high-energy feed and milking them regularly. These 3 activities are independent activities. So, the ideal sentence should have been:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provides them with high-energy feed, and milks them regularly, Holstein cows produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

This ideal sentence has parallelism in takes, provides and milks, all of which would be simple present verbs. Unfortunately this choice is not present, so we need to look for the closest one.

2. A would be wrong even if one thinks that cows are kept cool by providing them with high-energy feed and milking them regularly. The reason is that providing and milking, as used here, are Participial phrases, which, when used in the middle of the sentence, are used for depicting cause and effect scenarios. Lets take an example:

England managed a tie with India, surprising critics.

Here:

Cause is: England managed a tie with India.
Effect is: Critics were surprised.

So, more specifically, in a cause and effect scenario, the participle phrase (group of words starting -ing word) is almost always used to depict the effect. However in A, providing them with high-energy feed and milking them regularly are the causes that produce the effect (the effect that Holstein cows are thus kept cool).

Hence, A reverses the cause and effect application of Participial phases.


E actually says that for the farmer who takes care to:

1. Keep them cool
2. Keep them provided with high-energy feed
3. Keep them milked regularly

For the more grammatically inclined (and there is some extent of inclination required to do justice in GMAT), cool is an adjective, while provided and milked, as used above, are Past Participles (which are again adjective forms of the verbs). Hence, this sentence is grammatically parallel.

If you are having problems understanding the structure, think of a simpler sentence:

Hunger to win keeps the players united. (draw parallels with keep them provided and keep them milked).

p.s. Another poster had a question whether we can have pronoun before a noun. Answer is yes. Again, a simple statement might help understand:

Despite being in his thirties, Tendulkar is at the peak of his career.


-------------------------------------------
Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle
GMAT - 99th Percentile, MBA - ISB

Hi Ashish, thanks for the detailed explanation...

one more thing...the last example u had written...to show that pronoun can come before its antecedent noun...
Despite being in his thirties, Tendulkar is at the peak of his career.
Isn't this phrase "Despite being in his thirties" acting as an absolute phrase....????
Apart from absolute phrases, otherwise also, do pronoun come before its antecedent???
A good question....

Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved from the previous year, only look less appetizing than their round and red supermarket cousins, often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but are more flavorful.
A. cousins, often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but are
B. cousins, often green and striped, or with plenty of bumps and bruises, although
C. cousins, often green and striped, or they have plenty of bumps and bruises, although they are
D. cousins; they are often green and striped, or with plenty of bumps and bruises, although
E. cousins; they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises, but they are

my take is in bold!!

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