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GMAT Sentence Correction Discussions

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Hi All

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The chairman of the board of directors have decided that this year's profits will be used for research and development ,rather than for a shareholder dividend.

A)has decided that this year's profits will be used
B)had decided on using this year's profits
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The chairman of the board of directors have decided that this year's profit will be used for research and development,rather than for a shareholder dividend
A)has decided that this year's profits will be used
B)has decided on using this year's profits

Which of the above two options is correct?Really confused!

Thanks a lot

Recent indications of weakness in the economy have led consumers to be more conservative with their purchases; so depressed have sales figures been as a result that the government has launched several initiatives to actively encourage consumer spending .
(a) same as underlined
(b) the sales figures have been so depressed as a result that
(c) as a result, so depressed has the sales been that
(d) the resulting sales figures having been so depressed that
(e) the sales figures have been so depressed that, as a result,

Please post the answer along with the explanation.


IMO B)
in A) usage of article "the sales figures" is necessary
1. It may be another fifteen years before spacecraft from Earth again venture to Mars, a planet now known to be cold, dry, and probably lifeless.
(A) again venture to Mars, a planet now known to be
(B) venture to Mars again, a planet now known for being
(C) will venture to Mars again, a planet now known as being
(D) venture again to Mars, a planet that is known now to be
(E) will again venture to Mars, a planet known now as being


This one is little confusing to me. Which should be given priority, sub-verb agreement or idiom usage. "known to be..." seems to be correct use of idiom in A. but A says "spacecraft venture to mars..." shouldnt it be "spacecraft ventures to mars..." Use of "may..." as a verb rules out option C and E. when there is a possibility, "will" cant be used... that leaves us with A,B,D. out of them A conveys the clear meaning.

please post OA and explanation as well, if possible.
1. It was an increase in reported cases of malaria along the Gulf Coast that in 1921 led the health authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of Unimedco.
(A) authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of
(B) authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later to be called by the name of
(C) authorities granting a permit for experimentation using human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of
(D) authorities to grant a permit for human experimentation to the group later called
(E) authorities to grant a permit for human experimentation to the group that later would be called by the name of


IMO the answer is E. the sentence actually looks like "It was the increase....that led.... to ...." that rules out A,B,C. d is ambiguous calling the increase as Unimedco. The answer should be E, perfectly calls the group as Unimedco.
plz post OA.
This question has been discussed atleast once since I joined this forum a month and half ago. I remember that the OA is (A) for this question although I myself had opted (B). No one had given the OE for this question so I myself tried and found out that use of relative pronoun "whom" is inappropriate in (B)
as it is acted as subject in last phrase and is not properly modifying "farm worker". "whom" generally used as object of the subject in a grammatically correct sentence.
"them" in A clearly modify "farm worker" and is appropriate usage.

Education Aisle consider this yar and help or plz someone post genuine OE

Thanks


Unfortunately, your explanation highlights the immense dis-service that non-authentic GMAT material does to unsuspecting aspirants; aspirants try to force-fit their understanding based on wrong questions/answers provided in spurious material. I have been in your shoes when I was preparing for GMAT, and can empathize.

For your information, both whom and them fall into the same category of pronouns called object pronouns.
GMAT Faculty @ http://www.EducationAisle.com ; GMAT - 99th Percentile, MBA - ISB
1. It was an increase in reported cases of malaria along the Gulf Coast that in 1921 led the health authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of Unimedco.
(A) authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of
(B) authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later to be called by the name of
(C) authorities granting a permit for experimentation using human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of
(D) authorities to grant a permit for human experimentation to the group later called
(E) authorities to grant a permit for human experimentation to the group that later would be called by the name of


IMO E.

A,B and C can be eliminated straight away due to "authorities granting... " error.

Out of D and E. D is ambiguous
1. It may be another fifteen years before spacecraft from Earth again venture to Mars, a planet now known to be cold, dry, and probably lifeless.
(A) again venture to Mars, a planet now known to be
(B) venture to Mars again, a planet now known for being
(C) will venture to Mars again, a planet now known as being
(D) venture again to Mars, a planet that is known now to be
(E) will again venture to Mars, a planet known now as being


IMO A.

"....planet now known to be cold,dry and probably lifeless" is the only correct phrase.
1. It was an increase in reported cases of malaria along the Gulf Coast that in 1921 led the health authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of Unimedco.
(A) authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of
(B) authorities granting a permit for experimentation with human subjects to the group that later to be called by the name of
(C) authorities granting a permit for experimentation using human subjects to the group that later would be called by the name of
(D) authorities to grant a permit for human experimentation to the group later called
(E) authorities to grant a permit for human experimentation to the group that later would be called by the name of
1. It may be another fifteen years before spacecraft from Earth again venture to Mars, a planet now known to be cold, dry, and probably lifeless.
(A) again venture to Mars, a planet now known to be
(B) venture to Mars again, a planet now known for being
(C) will venture to Mars again, a planet now known as being
(D) venture again to Mars, a planet that is known now to be
(E) will again venture to Mars, a planet known now as being

I think its D

Recent indications of weakness in the economy have led consumers to be more conservative with their purchases; so depressed have sales figures been as a result that the government has launched several initiatives to actively encourage consumer spending .
(a) same as underlined
(b) the sales figures have been so depressed as a result that
(c) as a result, so depressed has the sales been that
(d) the resulting sales figures having been so depressed that
(e) the sales figures have been so depressed that, as a result,

Please post the answer along with the explanation.

This question has been discussed atleast once since I joined this forum a month and half ago. I remember that the OA is (A) for this question although I myself had opted (B). No one had given the OE for this question so I myself tried and found out that use of relative pronoun "whom" is inappropriate in (B)
as it is acted as subject in last phrase and is not properly modifying "farm worker". "whom" generally used as object of the subject in a grammatically correct sentence.
"them" in A clearly modify "farm worker" and is appropriate usage.

Education Aisle consider this yar and help or plz someone post genuine OE

Thanks


If OA is A, the OA is wrong. I would also like to know the source of the question in that case.

Also, subsequent to your post, I also did a Google search and found the following links which have comments from two other GMAT experts posted:

Erin on the patchwork of green fields that surround...

Stuart Kovinsky on many of them or many of whom

So, for the reasons I cited in my previous mail (among other reasons cited in the links above), rest assured B is the correct answer.
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GMAT Faculty @ http://www.EducationAisle.com ; GMAT - 99th Percentile, MBA - ISB

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