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Here are the OAs:

1. B
2. E
3. A
4. C
5. C
6. E
7. D

@mukul
this RC was 4m one of the gmat forums.. dont remember exactly.. hit upon it while googling(coz i was not satisfied with my RC collection)


Do you have OE also ?
where did you get this ?? ...I wont be surprised if I got all of them wrong..anyways answers below


IMO
1 B
2 D
3 B
4 E
5 A
6 C
7 D


Here are the OAs:

1. B
2. E
3. A
4. C
5. C
6. E
7. D

@mukul
this RC was 4m one of the gmat forums.. dont remember exactly.. hit upon it while googling(coz i was not satisfied with my RC collection)
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anulgoswami Says
reading comprehension has always been a problematic area for me, as there is no good source to practise for it. Can anybody tell me some good source to practice RC, besides the OG's.


Hi Anul,

When do you plan to give GMAT?

You can try Kaplan material and 1000RC.

Also you can try kaplan verbal book from here

reading comprehension has always been a problematic area for me, as there is no good source to practise for it. Can anybody tell me some good source to practice RC, besides the OG's.

where did you get this ?? ...I wont be surprised if I got all of them wrong..anyways answers below

Many literary detectives have pored over a great puzzle concerning the writer Marcel Proust: what happened in 1909? How did Contre Saint-Beuve, an essay attacking the methods of the critic Saint Beuve, turn into the start of the novel Remembrance of Things Past? A recently published letter from Proust to the editor Vallette confirms that Fallois, the editor of the 1954 edition of Contre Saint-Beuve, made an essentially correct guess about the relationship of the essay to the novel. Fallois proposed that Proust had tried to begin a novel in 1908, abandoned it for what was to be a long demonstration of Saint-Beuves blindness to the real nature of great writing, found the essay giving rise to personal memories and fictional developments, and allowed these to take over in a steadily developing novel.
Draft passages in Prousts 1909 notebooks indicate that the transition from essay to novel began in Contre Saint-Beuve, when Proust introduced several examples to show the powerful influence that involuntary memory exerts over the creative imagination. In effect, in trying to demonstrate that the imagination is more profound and less submissive to the intellect than Saint-Beuve assumed, Proust elicited vital memories of his own and, finding subtle connections between them, began to amass the material for Remembrance. By August, Proust was writing to Vallette, informing him of his intention to develop the material as a novel. Maurice Bardeche, in Marcel Proust, romancier, has shown the importance in the drafts of Remembrance of spontaneous and apparently random associations of Prousts subconscious. As incidents and reflections occurred to Proust, he continually inserted new passages altering and expanding his narrative. But he found it difficult to control the drift of his inspiration. The very richness and complexity of the meaningful relationships that kept presenting and rearranging themselves on all levels, from abstract intelligence to profound dreamy feelings, made it difficult for Proust to set them out coherently. The beginning of control came when he saw how to connect the beginning and the end of his novel.
Intrigued by Prousts claim that he had begun and finished Remembrance at the same time, Henri Bonnet discovered that parts of Remembrances last book were actually started in 1909. Already in that year, Proust had drafted descriptions of his novels characters in their old age that would appear in the final book of Remembrance, where the permanence of art is set against the ravages of time. The letter to Vallette, drafts of the essay and novel, and Bonnets researches establish in broad outline the process by which Proust generated his novel out of the ruins of his essay. But those of us who hoped, with Kolb, that Kolbs newly published complete edition of Prousts correspondence for 1909 would document the process in greater detail are disappointed. For until Proust was confident that he was at last in sight of a viable structure for Remembrance, he told few correspondents that he was producing anything more ambitious than Contre Saint-Beuve.
1.The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) the role of involuntary memory in Prousts writing
(B) evidence concerning the genesis of Prousts novel Remembrance of Things Past
(C) conflicting scholarly opinions about the value of studying the drafts of Remembrance of Things Past
(D) Prousts correspondence and what it reveals about Remembrance of Things Past
(E) the influence of Saint-Beuves criticism on Prousts novel Remembrance of Things Past
2. It can be inferred from the passage that all of the following are literary detectives who have tried, by means of either scholarship or criticism, to help solve the great puzzle mentioned in lines 1-2 EXCEPT:
(A) Bardeche
(B) Bonnet
(C) Fallois
(D) Kolb
(E) Vallette
3. According to the passage, in drafts of Contre Saint Beuve Proust set out to show that Saint-Beuve made which of the following mistakes as a critic?
I.Saint-Beuve made no effort to study the development of a novel through its drafts and revisions.
II.Saint-Beuve assigned too great a role in the creative process to a writers conscious intellect.
III.Saint-Beuve concentrated too much on plots and not enough on imagery and other elements of style.
(A) II only
(B) III only
(C) I and II only
(D) I and III only
(E) I, II, and III
4. Which of the following best states the authors attitude toward the information that scholars have gathered about Prousts writing in 1909?
(A) The author is disappointed that no new documents have come to light since Falloiss speculations.
(B) The author is dissatisfied because there are too many gaps and inconsistencies in the drafts.
(C) The author is confident that Falloiss 1954 guess has been proved largely correct, but regrets that still more detailed documentation concerning Prousts transition from the essay to the novel has not emerged.
(D) The author is satisfied that Falloiss judgment was largely correct, but feels that Prousts early work in designing and writing the novel was probably far more deliberate than Falloiss description of the process would suggest.
(E) The author is satisfied that the facts of Prousts life in 1909 have been thoroughly established, but believes such documents as drafts and correspondence are only of limited value in a critical assessment of Prousts writing.
5. The author of the passage implies that which of the following would be the LEAST useful source of information about Prousts transition from working on Contre Saint-Beuve to having a viable structure for Remembrance of Things Past?
(A) Falloiss comments in the 1954 edition of Contre Saint-Beuve
(B) Prousts 1909 notebooks, including the drafts of Remembrance of Things Past
(C) Prousts 1909 correspondence, excluding the letter to Vallette
(D) Bardeches Marcel Proust, romancier
(E) Bonnets researches concerning Prousts drafts of the final book of Remembrance of Things Past
6.The passage offers information to answer which of the following questions?
(A) Precisely when in 1909 did Proust decide to abandon Contre Saint-Beuve?
(B) Precisely when in 1909 did Proust decide to connect the beginning and the end of Remembrance of Things Past?
(C) What was the subject of the novel that Proust attempted in 1908?
(D) What specific criticisms of Saint-Beuve appear, in fictional form, in Remembrance of Things Past?
(E) What is a theme concerning art that appears in the final book of Remembrance of Things Past?
7. Which of the following best describes the relationship between Contre Saint-Beuve and Remembrance of Things Past as it is explained in the passage?
(A) Immediately after abandoning Contre Saint-Beuve, at Vallettes suggestion, Proust started Remembrance as a fictional demonstration that Saint-Beuve was wrong about the imagination.
(B) Immediately after abandoning Contre Saint-Beuve, at Vallettes suggestion, Proust turned his attention to Remembrance, starting with incidents that had occurred to him while planning the essay.
(C) Despondent that he could not find a coherent structure for Contre Saint-Beuve, an essay about the role of memory in fiction, Proust began instead to write Remembrance, a novel devoted to important early memories.
(D) While developing his argument about the imagination in Contre Saint-Beuve, Proust described and began to link together personal memories that became a foundation for Remembrance.
(E) While developing his argument about memory and imagination in Contre Saint-Beuve, Proust created fictional characters to embody the abstract themes in his essay.


IMO
1 B
2 D
3 B
4 E
5 A
6 C
7 D

Many literary detectives have pored over a great puzzle concerning the writer Marcel Proust: what happened in 1909? How did Contre Saint-Beuve, an essay attacking the methods of the critic Saint Beuve, turn into the start of the novel Remembrance of Things Past? A recently published letter from Proust to the editor Vallette confirms that Fallois, the editor of the 1954 edition of Contre Saint-Beuve, made an essentially correct guess about the relationship of the essay to the novel. Fallois proposed that Proust had tried to begin a novel in 1908, abandoned it for what was to be a long demonstration of Saint-Beuves blindness to the real nature of great writing, found the essay giving rise to personal memories and fictional developments, and allowed these to take over in a steadily developing novel.
Draft passages in Prousts 1909 notebooks indicate that the transition from essay to novel began in Contre Saint-Beuve, when Proust introduced several examples to show the powerful influence that involuntary memory exerts over the creative imagination. In effect, in trying to demonstrate that the imagination is more profound and less submissive to the intellect than Saint-Beuve assumed, Proust elicited vital memories of his own and, finding subtle connections between them, began to amass the material for Remembrance. By August, Proust was writing to Vallette, informing him of his intention to develop the material as a novel. Maurice Bardeche, in Marcel Proust, romancier, has shown the importance in the drafts of Remembrance of spontaneous and apparently random associations of Prousts subconscious. As incidents and reflections occurred to Proust, he continually inserted new passages altering and expanding his narrative. But he found it difficult to control the drift of his inspiration. The very richness and complexity of the meaningful relationships that kept presenting and rearranging themselves on all levels, from abstract intelligence to profound dreamy feelings, made it difficult for Proust to set them out coherently. The beginning of control came when he saw how to connect the beginning and the end of his novel.
Intrigued by Prousts claim that he had begun and finished Remembrance at the same time, Henri Bonnet discovered that parts of Remembrances last book were actually started in 1909. Already in that year, Proust had drafted descriptions of his novels characters in their old age that would appear in the final book of Remembrance, where the permanence of art is set against the ravages of time. The letter to Vallette, drafts of the essay and novel, and Bonnets researches establish in broad outline the process by which Proust generated his novel out of the ruins of his essay. But those of us who hoped, with Kolb, that Kolbs newly published complete edition of Prousts correspondence for 1909 would document the process in greater detail are disappointed. For until Proust was confident that he was at last in sight of a viable structure for Remembrance, he told few correspondents that he was producing anything more ambitious than Contre Saint-Beuve.
1.The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) the role of involuntary memory in Prousts writing
(B) evidence concerning the genesis of Prousts novel Remembrance of Things Past
(C) conflicting scholarly opinions about the value of studying the drafts of Remembrance of Things Past
(D) Prousts correspondence and what it reveals about Remembrance of Things Past
(E) the influence of Saint-Beuves criticism on Prousts novel Remembrance of Things Past
2. It can be inferred from the passage that all of the following are literary detectives who have tried, by means of either scholarship or criticism, to help solve the great puzzle mentioned in lines 1-2 EXCEPT:
(A) Bardeche
(B) Bonnet
(C) Fallois
(D) Kolb
(E) Vallette
3. According to the passage, in drafts of Contre Saint Beuve Proust set out to show that Saint-Beuve made which of the following mistakes as a critic?
I.Saint-Beuve made no effort to study the development of a novel through its drafts and revisions.
II.Saint-Beuve assigned too great a role in the creative process to a writers conscious intellect.
III.Saint-Beuve concentrated too much on plots and not enough on imagery and other elements of style.
(A) II only
(B) III only
(C) I and II only
(D) I and III only
(E) I, II, and III
4. Which of the following best states the authors attitude toward the information that scholars have gathered about Prousts writing in 1909?
(A) The author is disappointed that no new documents have come to light since Falloiss speculations.
(B) The author is dissatisfied because there are too many gaps and inconsistencies in the drafts.
(C) The author is confident that Falloiss 1954 guess has been proved largely correct, but regrets that still more detailed documentation concerning Prousts transition from the essay to the novel has not emerged.
(D) The author is satisfied that Falloiss judgment was largely correct, but feels that Prousts early work in designing and writing the novel was probably far more deliberate than Falloiss description of the process would suggest.
(E) The author is satisfied that the facts of Prousts life in 1909 have been thoroughly established, but believes such documents as drafts and correspondence are only of limited value in a critical assessment of Prousts writing.
5. The author of the passage implies that which of the following would be the LEAST useful source of information about Prousts transition from working on Contre Saint-Beuve to having a viable structure for Remembrance of Things Past?
(A) Falloiss comments in the 1954 edition of Contre Saint-Beuve
(B) Prousts 1909 notebooks, including the drafts of Remembrance of Things Past
(C) Prousts 1909 correspondence, excluding the letter to Vallette
(D) Bardeches Marcel Proust, romancier
(E) Bonnets researches concerning Prousts drafts of the final book of Remembrance of Things Past
6.The passage offers information to answer which of the following questions?
(A) Precisely when in 1909 did Proust decide to abandon Contre Saint-Beuve?
(B) Precisely when in 1909 did Proust decide to connect the beginning and the end of Remembrance of Things Past?
(C) What was the subject of the novel that Proust attempted in 1908?
(D) What specific criticisms of Saint-Beuve appear, in fictional form, in Remembrance of Things Past?
(E) What is a theme concerning art that appears in the final book of Remembrance of Things Past?
7. Which of the following best describes the relationship between Contre Saint-Beuve and Remembrance of Things Past as it is explained in the passage?
(A) Immediately after abandoning Contre Saint-Beuve, at Vallettes suggestion, Proust started Remembrance as a fictional demonstration that Saint-Beuve was wrong about the imagination.
(B) Immediately after abandoning Contre Saint-Beuve, at Vallettes suggestion, Proust turned his attention to Remembrance, starting with incidents that had occurred to him while planning the essay.
(C) Despondent that he could not find a coherent structure for Contre Saint-Beuve, an essay about the role of memory in fiction, Proust began instead to write Remembrance, a novel devoted to important early memories.
(D) While developing his argument about the imagination in Contre Saint-Beuve, Proust described and began to link together personal memories that became a foundation for Remembrance.
(E) While developing his argument about memory and imagination in Contre Saint-Beuve, Proust created fictional characters to embody the abstract themes in his essay.

look at this line in 3rd paragraph.. 'Native Americans recognized that the essence of their lives could not be communicated in English and that events that they thought significant were often deemed unimportant by their interviewers'..

how can unimportant information be even incidental??

but i didnt get y OA is A.. can u post the OE for this question?? wat is wrong wid option C??


C seems to be correct because It is mentioned in passage that "Editors often decided what elements were significant to the field research on a given tribe." So editors had data and they incorrectly deleted useful part.

but then it is also mentioned that "that events that they thought significant were often deemed unimportant by their interviewers"....which suggests that investigators recorded only what they thought was important and not all data....so if they never recorded important data then editing what they did record will not yield anything....but even I am not clear why A is the OA...dont have OE since this is also from 1000 RC.
IMO

1 E
2 A
3 D
3.The author's attitude toward "Most economists in the United States"(line 1) can best be described as
(A) spiteful and envious ---To strong, can be eliminated
(B) scornful and denunciatory----To strong, can be eliminated
(C) critical and condescending---Author has evaluated price fixing in multiple scenarios, so by POE only one left ( I got this question wrong but I think this is why C is correct)
(D) ambivalent but deferential---ambivalent also means sort of uncertain but author is pretty clear about his ideas of price fixing
(E) uncertain but interested--- Author seems certain that price fixing is always present and is not bad


4 C
5 B
5.The suggestion in the passage that price-fixing in industrialized societies is normal arises from the author's statement that price-fixing is
(A) a profitable result of economic development--Profit is not mentioned any where, author just mentions that firms will not sell above competitor's price and will also not sell below some fixed price.
(B) an inevitable result of the industrial system-- Correct, Author suggests everywhere that price fixing is not bad and it is part of system one way or another.
(C) the result of a number of carefully organized decisions

"Most economists do not see price-fixing when it occurs because they expect it to be brought about by a number of explicit agreements among large firms; it is not."...last line of first para...suggest that firms dont discuss and coordinate price fixing.

(D) a phenomenon common to industrialized and non-industrialized societies...Sovient union is socialist , it is not referred to as non-industrialized
(E) a phenomenon best achieved cooperatively by government and industry.---In second para author does say that in socialist countries, government itself does price fixing, and that it is equal to that done in US, but he does not say it is better.

6 E
7 D
According to the author, what is the result of the Soviet Union's change in economic policy in the 1970's?
(A) Soviet firms show greater profit.---No mention of profit anywhere
(B) Soviet firms have less control over the free market.--- Author mentions that soviet firms have some control over "price fixing" not over market
(C) Soviet firms are able to adjust to technological advances.---Not mentioned anywhere
(D) Soviet firms have some authority to fix prices.--- "In the early 1970's, the Soviet Union began to give firms and industries some of the flexibility in adjusting prices that a more informal evolution has accorded the capitalist system", Author mentions some flexibility to firms, that is what our answer says--Correct
(E) Soviet firms are more responsive to the free market.---Again not mentioned anywhere
8 A
With which of the following statements regarding the behavior of large firms in industrialized societies would the author be most likely to agree?
(A) The directors of large firms will continue to anticipate the demand for products.---by POE only one left
(B) The directors of large firms are less interested in achieving a predictable level of profit than in achieving a large profit.---Nothing mentioned about profit , all that authors says is that firms will have a max and a min price within which they will keep price.
(C) The directors of large firms will strive to reduce the costs of their products.---No mention of this
(D) Many directors of large firms believe that the government should establish the prices that will be charged for products.---no mention of this
(E) Many directors of large firms believe that the price charged for products is likely to increase annually.---again no mention of this
9 B

Please post OAs and OEs


Explanation added in post above. Let me know if you find them confusing
OA A

@dare2 I didnt quite get your logic eliminating E. Could you explain ?


look at this line in 3rd paragraph.. 'Native Americans recognized that the essence of their lives could not be communicated in English and that events that they thought significant were often deemed unimportant by their interviewers'..

how can unimportant information be even incidental??

but i didnt get y OA is A.. can u post the OE for this question?? wat is wrong wid option C??
mukultcs Says
Hey did you have doubts on all of these or just some....if you have doubts on few of these then let me know which ones and I will elaborate on those..by the way are these from 1000 RC ?


:) ok.. post ur explanations for 3, 5, 7 and 8..

yup these question is from 1000 RC..
here are the OAs..
1e
2a
3c
4c
5b
6e
7d
8a
9b

u've solved it almost perfectly.. plz post ur explanations..

i dont have the OEs.. this doc file that m using only has answers but no explanations..


Hey did you have doubts on all of these or just some....if you have doubts on few of these then let me know which ones and I will elaborate on those..by the way are these from 1000 RC ?
Try this...had doubt in just one q so posting only that one

Please post your reasoning as well



At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in Native American customs and an increasing desire to understand Native American culture prompted ethnologists to begin recording the life stories of Native American. Ethnologists had a distinct reason for wanting to hear the stories: they were after linguistic or anthropological data that would supplement their own field observations, and they believed that the personal stories, even of a single individual, could increase their understanding of the cultures that they had been observing from without. In addition many ethnologists at the turn of the century believed that Native American manners and customs were rapidly disappearing, and that it was important to preserve for posterity as much information as could be adequately recorded before the cultures disappeared forever.
There were, however, arguments against this method as a way of acquiring accurate and complete information. Franz Boas, for example, described autobiographies as being of limited value, and useful chiefly for the study of the perversion of truth by memory, while Paul Radin contended that investigators rarely spent enough time with the tribes they were observing, and inevitably derived results too tinged by the investigators own emotional tone to be reliable.
Even more importantly, as these life stories moved from the traditional oral mode to recorded written form, much was inevitably lost. Editors often decided what elements were significant to the field research on a given tribe. Native Americans recognized that the essence of their lives could not be communicated in English and that events that they thought significant were often deemed unimportant by their interviewers. Indeed, the very act of telling their stories could force Native American narrators to distort their cultures, as taboos had to be broken to speak the names of dead relatives crucial to their family stories.
Despite all of this, autobiography remains a useful tool for ethnological research: such personal reminiscences and impressions, incomplete as they may be, are likely to throw more light on the working of the mind and emotions than any amount of speculation from an ethnologist or ethnological theorist from another culture.


8.It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the usefulness of life stories as a source of ethnographic information?
(A) They can be a source of information about how people in a culture view the world.
(B) They are most useful as a source of linguistic information.
(C) They require editing and interpretation before they can be useful.
(D) They are most useful as a source of information about ancestry.
(E) They provide incidental information rather than significant insights into a way of life.


OA A

@dare2 I didnt quite get your logic eliminating E. Could you explain ?
Try this...had doubt in just one q so posting only that one

Please post your reasoning as well



At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in Native American customs and an increasing desire to understand Native American culture prompted ethnologists to begin recording the life stories of Native American. Ethnologists had a distinct reason for wanting to hear the stories: they were after linguistic or anthropological data that would supplement their own field observations, and they believed that the personal stories, even of a single individual, could increase their understanding of the cultures that they had been observing from without. In addition many ethnologists at the turn of the century believed that Native American manners and customs were rapidly disappearing, and that it was important to preserve for posterity as much information as could be adequately recorded before the cultures disappeared forever.
There were, however, arguments against this method as a way of acquiring accurate and complete information. Franz Boas, for example, described autobiographies as being "of limited value, and useful chiefly for the study of the perversion of truth by memory," while Paul Radin contended that investigators rarely spent enough time with the tribes they were observing, and inevitably derived results too tinged by the investigator's own emotional tone to be reliable.
Even more importantly, as these life stories moved from the traditional oral mode to recorded written form, much was inevitably lost. Editors often decided what elements were significant to the field research on a given tribe. Native Americans recognized that the essence of their lives could not be communicated in English and that events that they thought significant were often deemed unimportant by their interviewers. Indeed, the very act of telling their stories could force Native American narrators to distort their cultures, as taboos had to be broken to speak the names of dead relatives crucial to their family stories.
Despite all of this, autobiography remains a useful tool for ethnological research: such personal reminiscences and impressions, incomplete as they may be, are likely to throw more light on the working of the mind and emotions than any amount of speculation from an ethnologist or ethnological theorist from another culture.


8.It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the usefulness of life stories as a source of ethnographic information?
(A) They can be a source of information about how people in a culture view the world.
(B) They are most useful as a source of linguistic information.
(C) They require editing and interpretation before they can be useful.
(D) They are most useful as a source of information about ancestry.
(E) They provide incidental information rather than significant insights into a way of life.


plz do care to post the OA..
Hi,

I got these

1a
2a
3c
4e
5b
6e
7d
8c
9b

Got three wrong


good to see u guys participating here.. but i have a problem here.. i dont have a good collection of RCs.. all my RCs are quite long ones.. dont have short and difficult RCs with me.. i think it'll b better we solve both short and long RCs simultaneously.. i'll continue 2 post the long relatively easy ones.. but those of u who have short or very difficult RCs plz do post here..

thanks..
here are the OAs..
1e
2a
3c
4c
5b
6e
7d
8a
9b

u've solved it almost perfectly.. plz post ur explanations..

i dont have the OEs.. this doc file that m using only has answers but no explanations..


Hi,

I got these

1a
2a
3c
4e
5b
6e
7d
8c
9b

Got three wrong

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