#CR8 Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour. Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers. Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since ____.
#CR7 Which of the following most logically completes the passage below?
Heavy rains during Centralia's corn planting season prevented some farmers there from planting corn. It is now the planting season for soybeans, another of Centralia's principal crops, and those fields originally intended for corn are dry enough for planting. Nonetheless, even though soybean prices are unusually high at present, the farmers will leave most of these fields empty rather than plant them with soybeans, since ____.
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#CR6 A company plans to develop a prototype weeding machine that uses cutting
blades with optical sensors and microprocessors that distinguish weeds
from crop plants by differences in shade of color. The inventor of the
machine claims that it will reduce labor costs by virtually eliminating
the need for manual weeding.
Which of the following is a consideration in favor of the company's implementing its plan to develop the prototype?
When Germany was asked to pay 132 billion gold marks in war reparations following World War I, the German government had to print money to pay its bills, drastically devaluing the currency. In response to this anticipated de- valuation, Germans began spending their money while it still had purchasing power, almost completely depleting the monetary stores of domestic banks.
Which of the following, if true and taken together with the information above, best supports the conclusion that the devaluation of the German mark was likely to continue?
#CR5 Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since _____.
#CR4 The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated at
a Neanderthal campsite is just what is required to play the third
through sixth notes of the diatonic scalethe seven-note musical scale
used in much of Western music since the Renaissance. Musicologists
therefore hypothesize that the diatonic musical scale was developed and
used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?
#CR3 In parts of South America, vitamin-A deficiency is a serious health problem, especially among children. In one region, agriculturists are attempting to improve nutrition by encouraging farmers to plant a new variety of sweet potato called SPK004 that is rich in beta-carotene, which the body converts into vitamin A. The plan has good chances of success, since sweet potato is a staple of the region's diet and agriculture, and the varieties currently grown contain little beta-carotene. Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the prediction that the plan will succeed?
#CR2 That the application of new technology can increase the productivity of existing coal mines is demonstrated by the case of Tribnia's coal industry. Coal output per miner in Tribnia is double what it was five years ago, even though no new mines have opened. Which of the following can be properly concluded from the statement about coal output per miner in the passage?
#CR1 Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been
available. Parents are reluctant to subject children to the pain of
injections, but adults, who are at risk of serious complications from
influenza, are commonly vaccinated. A new influenza vaccine,
administered painlessly in a nasal spray, is effective for children.
However, since children seldom develop serious complications from
influenza, no significant public health benefit would result from
widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
Although exposure to asbestos is the primary cause of mesothelioma, a slow-developing cancer, researchers believe that infection by the SV40 virus is a contributing factor, since in the United States 60% of tissue samples from mesotheliomas, but none from healthy tissue, contain SV40. SV40 is a monkey virus; however, in 1960 some polio vaccine was contaminated with the virus. Researchers hypothesize that this vaccine was the source of this virus found in mesotheliomas decades later.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the researchers' hypothesis?
Both a stable government and a good climate are essential for economic growth in Zone 1 countries. 'Country X' does not economic growth, but has a good climate and a stable government. It must be true that :
Although fullerenes - spherical molecules made entirely of carbon - were first found in the laboratory, they have since been found in nature, formed in fissures of the rare mineral shungite. Since laboratory synthesis of fullerenes requires distinctive conditions of temperature and pressure, this discovery should give geologists a test case for evaluating hypothesis about the state of the Earth's crust at the time these naturally occurring fullerenes were formed.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?
Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.
Given the statements in the passage, which one of the following statements must be true?
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