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Everyone who has graduated from Top Notch High School has an intelligence quotient (IQ) of over 120. Most
students with an IQ of over 120 and all students with an IQ of over 150 who apply to one or more Ivy League
universities are accepted to at least one of them. The statements above, if true, best support which of the
Due to high jet fuel costs, airline carriers are looking for new ways to increase revenues and thereby counteract
declining profits. Airline A has proposed increasing the number of passengers that can fit on its airplanes by
creating several standing room only “seats” in which passengers would be propped against a padded backboard
and held in place with a harness. This proposal, since it relates to passenger safety, cannot be implemented
without prior approval by the Federal Aviation Administration. The above statements, if true, indicate that Airline
A has made which of the following conclusions?
A recent research study of undergraduate students analyzed the effects of music on human emotions. Each of the
200 participants attended at least 1 two-hour concert of classical music per week over the course of 12 weeks of
their spring semester. At the end of the experiment, all of the students filled out a questionnaire assessing their
emotional state. Based on the results of the questionnaires, all of the 10 students who attended the greatest
number of concerts reported lower stress levels and higher satisfaction with their lives. Also, most of the 20
students who attended the fewest number of concerts reported below-average levels of emotional comfort. Which
of the following must be true based on the evidence presented above?
The Department of Homeland Security has proposed new federal requirements for driver’s licenses that would allow them to be used as part of a national identification system. Using licenses for purposes not directly related to operating a motor vehicle is un-American because it would require U.S. citizens to carry the equivalent of “papers.” Such a requirement would allow the government to restrict their movements and activities in the manner of totalitarian regimes. In time, this could make other limits on freedom acceptable. The author assumes which of the following?
Researchers studying the spread of the Black Plague in sixteenth-century
England claim that certain people survived the epidemic because they
carried a genetic mutation, known as Delta-32, that is known to prevent
the bacteria that causes the Plague from overtaking the immune system.
To support this hypothesis, the researchers tested the direct
descendants of the residents of an English town where an unusually large
proportion of people survived the Plague. More than half of these
descendants tested positive for the mutation Delta-32, a figure nearly
three times higher than that found in other locations. The researchers’
hypothesis is based on which of the following assumptions?
In an effort to reduce the number of deer, and therefore decrease the number of auto mobile accidents caused by deer, the government lengthened the deer hunting season earlier this year. Surprisingly, the number of accidents caused by deer has increased substantially since the introduction of the longer hunting season.
All of the following, if true, help to explain the increase in traffic accidents caused
by deer EXCEPT:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
Many managers of mutual funds proclaim that they have been able to generate consistently higher rates of return on their investments than the general stock market by buying shares of undervalued companies. Classical economic theory, however, proposes the "efficient capital markets hypothesis," which indicates that stock prices accurately reflect the value of the underlying investments, incorporating all information available to the public. If the efficient capital markets hypothesis is correct, then it should be expected that_____________ .
Dr. A: The new influenza vaccine is
useless at best and possibly dangerous. I would never use it on a patient.
Dr. B: But three studies published in the Journal of Medical Associates have rated that vaccine as unusually effective.
Dr. A: The studies must have been faulty because the vaccine is worthless.
In which of the following is the reasoning most similar to that of Dr. A?
Since the new publisher took control, a news magazine’s covers have featured only models and movie stars. Previously, the covers had displayed only politicians, soldiers, and business leaders. A leading gossip columnist claimed that the changes made the magazine relevant again. However, many newspaper editorials disagreed and suggested that the new publisher is more interested in boosting sales than in reporting important news events.
Which of the following is an assumption necessary for the argument made by the gossip columnist’s opponents?
Which of the following best completes the
In today’s pluralistic society, textbook publishers find themselves in an increasingly uncomfortable position. Since the schools are regarded as a repository of society’s moral and cultural values, each group within society wishes to prevent any material that offends its own values from appearing in textbooks. As a result, stance on an issue is certain to run afoul of one group or another. And since textbook publishers must rely on community goodwill to sell their books, it is inevitable that______
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