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Electrical/ Electronics and communication engineering core interview questions.

hi puys, panel in mba interviews always grill on acads related questions. so plz help out each other n post core questions that can be asked in management college interviews
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maalik dil jeet lia...
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UDT 2012, BDT 2012,Cat 2012-99.78, Converts- IIM C,IIM L,FMS. Wl-XL. Rejects-IIM A. 

yeh dekho .. not sure how much it'll help
I am in no position to explain any acads to a panel .. only know basic phenomena behind these devices

1. Explain the working of a diode.
Diodes are devices that allow current to flow in one direction but oppose flow in the reverse direction. Could restate it as having low resistance in one direction/ high resistance in opposite. Most common forms of diodes are LEDs, Zener diodes, p-n junction diodes.

LEDs when biased have carriers re-combining. This results in them reaching lower/more stable energy states from their earlier states when they were separated. The energy released when reaching the more stable states is seen in the form of EM radiation of different frequencies .. this can be blue/red/UV/IR ..

p-n junction diodes contain two separate regions of semiconductor material doped differently to setup the p/n regions. They aren't joined together. The junction is where a depletion region is created by the re-combination of holes and electrons. This is what allows carriers to flow through easily in one direction and opposes the flow in the opposite.

Zener diode is an extension of this in that it will allow current to flow in the opposite direction at a reduced reverse biased voltage. This is where it is used to protect circuits. The phenomeon is Zener breakdown where a voltage difference over the small depletion region results in a large electric field which pulls out carriers in the opposite direction ( something similar to corona discharge, lightning .. might be an oversimplification .. ). Avalanche breakdown is also similar to this and both phenomenon occur at the same time. The difference between the two diodes is that ADs maintain a small voltage across them in breakdown but ZDs don't. Not very sure about this in more detail ..

Schottky diodes are also somewhat similar to p-ns but they have additional metal/silicon junction that gives faster switching times ... you could mention bias voltages of diodes .. silicon 0.7V, germanium 0.3V, SD 0.15V etc ..

2. Explain Zener diode, knee voltage, breakdown voltage. Applications.
Breakdown voltage is that voltage at which an insulator starts conducting. The limit in Zener diodes is Zener voltage .. avalanche point and all such terms are similar to this. Insulating material is ionized by application of strong voltage. Avalanche in diodes, Corona in fluids, Lightning/sparks in air ..

ZDs could be used to protect circuits from unexpected surges by placing them in reverse bias .. When a surge happens, it will breakdown because of its design easily, allow current to pass through it easily, protect the circuit. Current won't flow through the circuit because it will offer more resistance to current than your reverse biased ZD ..

3. Explain Impatt, Schottky, and Tunnel diode. Applications.
IMPATT, Tunnel used in high frequency electronics. iske aage jyada nahi pata ..
IMPATT uses the fact that an electron when accelerated to impact an atom can knock out an electron from it ... thus causing an avalanche effect

Tunnel diodes have a very thin p-n junction that allows quantum tunneling to kick in ..
iske jyada kahan kaise use hota hai .. pata nahi .. TBH never studied about them in any detail ..

5. What are Flip Flops?
Basic elements of memory .. bistable electronic device .. state can be controlled either by changing the level of input ( as in latches ) or my the edge of the input ( as in flip flops ) .. mostly basic wikipedia stuff ..

Rank 16 to 456 : 440 V jhatka :P  

Frequently asked questions to me in interviews:

1. Explain the working of a diode.
2. Explain Zener diode, knee voltage, breakdown voltage. Applications.
3. Explain Impatt, Schottky, and Tunnel diode. Applications.
4. Difference between BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Arrange them in order of applicability and explain why.
5. What are Flip Flops?

@retry , how would you answer these? Main toh thoda vague hu inme, and articulation main bhi fight hai thodi. Can you explain?
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"I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul" - Invictus|| UDT '12, MMDT '12, '11. Quora: http://www.quora.com/Omkar-Parab-1
@sarvshwet The basics of engineering won't change. Thanks for sharing!

1.What do 0 and 1 in digital signify?
2.What are the different number system used in digital electronics?-IIM k

@sarvshwet said:
@abhiabhi15 here you go...but this file was made in 2007-08 not really sure if its still useful
thanks !!
  • @paras_ag  even in pm there's no option to attach files.... 08 Apr '13.
  • @abhiabhi15 can u please pm that document of sarvshwet....... 08 Apr '13.
A A @abhiabhi15 536
even in pm there's no option to attach files.. sad!! u pm me ur email id .. i will send  it to u on that..
paras agarwal @paras_ag 12
@abhiabhi15 can u please pm that document of sarvshwet.....after this new version of pagalguy the post of him is not showing the attachmnet...TIA
@abhiabhi15 said:
@sarvshwet not able to download.. xml problem.. please pm me .. TIA!!
here you go...

but this file was made in 2007-08 not really sure if its still useful
@sarvshwet said:
had worked hard to collect a lot many question and answers for our field.....am uploading the entire ducument here.....its a 39 page long document....hope it helps some ppl.........
@sarvshwet not able to download.. xml problem.. please pm me .. TIA!!
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very helpful thread ..thank u all:)

The Intel 8085 is an 8-bitmicroprocessor introduced by Intel in 1977. It was binary compatible with the more-famous Intel 8080 but required less supporting hardware, thus allowing simpler and less expensive microcomputer systems to be built.
The "5" in the model number came from the fact that the 8085 requires only a +5-volt (V) power supply rather than the +5V, ˆ'5V and +12V supplies the 8080 needed. Both processors were sometimes used in computers running the CP/M operating system, and the 8085 also saw use as amicrocontroller, by virtue of its low component count. Both designs were eclipsed for desktop computers by the compatible Zilog Z80, which took over most of the CP/M computer market as well as taking a share of the booming home computer market in the early-to-mid-1980s.
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